Biodiesel Production from Waste oil using Mussel Shell as Catalyst
Sona Gloriya Antony1, Nithya Kurup2
1Sona Gloriya Antony, PG Scholar, Department of Environmental Engineering, UKFCET, Parippally India.
2Nithya Kurup, Assistant Professor PG Scholar, Department of Environmental Engineering, UKFCET, Parippally India.
Manuscript received on 05 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 December 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 25-27 | Volume-8 Issue-2C, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.ICID-2018_EE_308/
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Abstract: Waste utilization is an essential component of sustainable development and waste shells are rarely used to generate practical products and processes. Most waste shells are CaCO3 rich, once calcined at 950 °C for 2 hour and can be employed as inexpensive and green catalysts for the synthesis of biodiesel. Herein, utilization of mussel shell as green catalysts for the transesterification of substrate as feedstock into biodiesel. Waste cooking oil is used in the study which is easily available and sustainable, thus reduces the price of biodiesel to make it competitive with petroleum diesel. Transesterification was done in the presence of waste cooking oil, methanol and the prepared mussel shell catalyst depending on different parameter. The catalysts from waste shells were characterized by Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The SEM image of catalyst showed the “rod like particle” structures. Different transesterification reaction are done based on the effects of methanol to oil ratio ( 1:5, 1:10, 1:15), reaction time ( 1h, 2h) and reaction temperature ( 55 °C, 60 °C, 65 °C) and catalyst loading ( 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, 0.5%, 0.6%) and finally being optimized based on density. And then analyzing for Kinematic visocity, Flash point and Fire point.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Mussel Shell, Tranesterification, Petroleum Diesel.
Scope of the Article: Production