Evaluation of Groundwater Quality at Eloor, Ernakulam District, Kerala Using GIS
Fehmida Fatima S1, Bindu A G2
1Fehmida Fatima S, M.Tech, Department of Environmental Engineering, Government Engineering College Trichur, Thrissur India.
2Bindu A G, Department of Civil Engineering, Government Engineering College Trichur, Thrissur India.
Manuscript received on 05 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 December 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 20-24 | Volume-8 Issue-2C, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.ICID-2018_EE_307/
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Abstract: Pollution of groundwater resources is one of the major challenges faced by rapidly developing countries like India. Population explosion, large scale industrialization and urbanization have led to rapid decline in groundwater quality. Traditional methods of assessing groundwater quality like random sampling and analysis has become ineffective and obsolete in providing a comprehensive, complete and accurate picture of the pollution levels in large areas. In this paper, groundwater quality in the industrial belt of Eloor in Ernakulum district of Kerala is evaluated using Geographical Information System based geostatistical methods. Ordinary Kriging method based on spatial autocorrelation is used for predicting the groundwater physico-chemical parameters at unmeasured locations.
Keywords: Geographical Information System, Geostatistical Methods, Groundwater Pollution, Ordinary Kriging.
Scope of the Article: Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality