A Prospective Study of Design and Development Issues of Various Shallow/Hybrid Foundation as Flood and Earthquake proof Foundation
Ajai Kumar Rai1, Brajesh Mishra2

1Ajai Kumar Rai, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Sri Ram Swaroop Memorial College of Engineering & Management, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), India.
2Brajesh Mishra, Senior Engineer (Civil) in UPSSCL, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), India.

Manuscript received on 10 August 2017 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 August 2017 | Manuscript Published on 30 August 2017 | PP: 190-198 | Volume-6 Issue-6, August 2017 | Retrieval Number: F5163086617/17©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In spite of severe , frequent occurrence and causing significant loss of life and property every year due to earthquake and flood ,a large proportion of total population lives in earthquake or/and flood prone areas at risk. As a result of ground shaking due to earthquake event the soil below ground water table loses its strength and stiffness and flows like liquid not only in the lateral direction but also eject to the surface ultimately causing the ground surface to deform /stresses on the buildings on top of the liquefied soil. This can be prevented either by ground improvement or designing heavy duty foundation .Every building stands on foundation but not all the buildings stand on same foundation. As the soils consist of different dominant soil layers in different areas, highly variable stratification and depth, the different requirements imposed on the foundation soils by buildings of different sizes/heights have led to a range of different types of foundations and individual design of building foundation is a must for a building based on total load imposed on foundation and soil characteristics of the area. This paper is not only the study of the different types of prospective foundations, review of ground improvement techniques and identification/determination of soil characteristics of critical area in context to earthquake/flood around Ramgarh lake in Gorakhpur but also it is an attempt to search / development of an optimized foundation for earthquake &flood prone areas.
Keywords: Optimized Foundation, Flood Prone Areas, Soil Layers, Ground Improvement Techniques.

Scope of the Article: Foundations of Communication Networks