Output Power Stability for Wind Turbine by using two Fault Detection Technique and PID – Fuzzy Controller in the Doubly fed Induction Generator
Ajay Kumar Shukla1, Anil Kumar Kurchania2
1Ajay Kumar Shukla*, P.hD Scholar, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal, (M.P.) India.
2Anil Kumar Kurchania, Supervisor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal, (M.P.) India. 
Manuscript received on September 08, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on September 10, 2021. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2021.. | PP: 37-40 | Volume-11 Issue-1, October 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.F30670810621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F3067.1011121
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Abstract: The generation of electricity through a wind turbine system is rapidly increasing. Generation of an electricity form a wind turbine is one of the preeminent renewables sources of energy as it is easily available. In many wind farms, the speed of wind is variable due to which achieving stable power output and fault detection is one of the challenges. This objective can be achieved by a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) along with the use of a fuzzy -PID controller and two fault detection technique in WTs. This Paper shows an investigation of the fault’s detection and improvement in the DFIG model for the constant/stable power output. This model design to show DFIG 9MW (6 x 1.5) along with a 30 km transmission line and the Frequency used for RLC specification is 60 Hz. Asynchronous machine in plant of 1.68 MW, 0.93 power factor, and 2300V line voltage with mechanical power 3 x 103 W. The initial constant wind speed of 15 ms-1 is maintained. Two fault detectors, one phase fault at B25 (25 kV) before the transmission to three-phase two winding transformer. Other phase faults at B120 (120 kV) before the transmission to three phase mutual inductance. The fault actuator in the doubly fed induction generators are reliable and also maintains the safety of wind turbine connected with a grid. PID-Fuzzy Controller is introduced to regulate the speed of the rotor by adjusting pitch which controls speed changes. The result shows due to controlling of pitch angle output level is improved and a good quality factor is achieved. We have introduced a fuzzy controller so the maximum output power can be established to the grid at the trip. In this research work, mathematical modeling of DFIG is presented.
Keywords: Doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), Fuzzy logic controller, Fault detection, Fault Diagnosis, stable output power.