Experimental Research on Effect of Fines Content on Liquefaction Properties of Sand
S. Eswara Rao1, Y.S. Prabhakar2, T. Santosh Kumar3, K.V.D.G.Balaji4
Manuscript received on 16 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 06 September 2019 | PP: 432-436 | Volume-8 Issue- 6S, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10920886S19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F1092.0886S19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Liquefaction is a phenomenon mainly occurred in saturated fine grained soils under major earthquakes causes tremendous loss to infrastructure. From the literature it has been observed that liquefaction not only occurs in fine sands but also occurs in sands containing some amount of fines particles, which are of less than 75µ in size. Unfortunately there is no clear conclusions given as how effect the fines content on liquefaction resistance of sandy soils. In order to solve above mentioned problem this study was undertaken through stress-controlled cyclic triaxial tests to know the effect of fines content on liquefaction resistance of sandy soils. In this study the program of experimentation was done on base sand and sand mixed with four different combinations of fines like 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% of fines with base sand by weight.. The main parameters changed in this work were percentage fines and shear stress ratio (CSR ), where the observed parameter was amount of pore water pressure and cycle of loading.. The result showed that, rate of pore water pressure generation during cyclic loading was largely affected by limiting silt content and density index. The trend observed as amount of pore water pressure is increased more than base sand with adding of fines content up to 20%, later the trend observed as reverse. And also noticed that more CSR value increases the pore water pressure generation and decreases the cyclic resistance.
Keywords: Liquefaction, Pore Water Pressure, Fines, Cyclic Shear Stress Ratio (CSR), Cyclic Resistance Ratio (CRR).
Scope of the Article: Properties and Mechanics of Concrete