Transformation in Weaving Technology of Paata-Clothes: an unique Fabric Tie-Dye product of Odisha
Rudranarayan Mohapatra1, Sadananda Dutta2

1Rudranarayan Mohapatra*, P.G. Department of Odia, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India.
2Sadananda Dutta, Odia department, Govt. Autonomous College, Phulbani, Odisha, India. 

Manuscript received on April 11, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 249-254 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: E9480069520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.E9480.069520
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Abstract: Both in global market and in perspectives of modernization, preserving and popularizing the traditional weaving technique and designing, is a challenge of 21st century. As it seems, the handloom weaving is unsustainable, and unable to compete in contemporary markets, but it realized, many weavers struggle for livelihoods irrespective of old fashion outcome and to preserve their ethnic and traditional proficiency identity. Odisha, the east-coast state of India is one of them, where thousands of ethnic weavers’ are adopting their parental knowledge of weaving and preparation of micro Ikat garments in tie-&-dye technique generation after generation. In this paper, we are trying to establish the gradual transformation in weaving technology replacing but preserving traditional weaving technique. And to establish we catalyzed here the preparation of ‘Paata-clothes’, one of the rarest tussar-silk fabric, produced by ‘Nuapatana’ master weavers. The paper followed the field based research method that is being practically followed by Nuapatana weavers and gets the resultant of productivity changes by relative analysis techniques. 
Keywords: Paata, Taani (warp), Varani (weft), Ikat (bandha), Tie-&-Dye, Odisha, Khandua-Paata, maanku (Shuttle)