Performanceof Slow Pyrolysis Open Bach Low-Temperature Reactor for Agriculture Residues
Sugeng Priyanto1, Yos Nofendri2, Ahmad Fudholi3

1Sugeng Priyanto, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Jl. Raya Rawamangun Muka Raya, Pulogadung Jakarta.
2Yos Nofendri, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta.
3Ahmad Fudholi, Solar Energy Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia.

Manuscript received on 18 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2088-2091 | Volume-8 Issue-5, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: E7140068519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Agricultural residues has biomass energy potential as alternative energy. One way to manage agricultural waste is to use pyrolysis. The research method used design manufactures and pyrolysis systems tests to produce biomass from agricultural residues. The pyrolysis system is made of a type of open back reactor which is connected to the cyclone and condenser. Three types of agricultural residues were tested using this pyrolysis system. The design test results show heat propagation outside the vessel is 6 oC/min, whereas in the reactor vessel is 4.83oC/min. The results of the tests are gas, oil, and char. The rice husk and corn cobs residues produce gas that will be inserted into the gasoline engine. The volume of both residues is 0.053 m3 and produces 80 cc of each gas. The acacia wood waste will produce oil and char which have characteristics and are feasible to be used as alternative fuel.
Keywords: Performanceof, Temperature, Agricultural 

Scope of the Article: Agricultural Informatics and Communication