Machine Learning Framework to Predict Chronic Kidney Disease using Ensemble Algorithm
Nikhila G1, Meghashree A.C2
1Nikhila G*, PG Student, Department of ECE, VTU, CPGS, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
2Meghashree A.C, Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, VTU, CPGS, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
Manuscript received on May 03, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 1-6 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: D9107049420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D9107.069520
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Abstract: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a worldwide concern that influences roughly 10% of the grown-up population on the world. For most of the people the early diagnosis of CKD is often not possible. Therefore, the utilization of present-day Computer aided supported strategies is important to help the conventional CKD finding framework to be progressively effective and precise. In this project, six modern machine learning techniques namely Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network, Support Vector Machine, Naïve Bayes, K-Nearest Neighbor, Decision Tree, Logistic regression were used and then to enhance the performance of the model Ensemble Algorithms such as ADABoost, Gradient Boosting, Random Forest, Majority Voting, Bagging and Weighted Average were used on the Chronic Kidney Disease dataset from the UCI Repository. The model was tuned finely to get the best hyper parameters to train the model. The performance metrics used to evaluate the model was measured using Accuracy, Precision, Recall, F1-score, Mathew`s Correlation Coefficient and ROC-AUC curve. The experiment was first performed on the individual classifiers and then on the Ensemble classifiers. The ensemble classifier like Random Forest and ADABoost performed better with 100% Accuracy, Precision and Recall when compared to the individual classifiers with 99.16% accuracy, 98.8% Precision and 100% Recall obtained from Decision Tree Algorithm.
Keywords: CKD, Machine Learning, Ensemble Algorithm, ADA Boost, Bagging.