Smart Blind Stick Design and Implementation
Amira. A. Elsonbaty

Amira. A. Elsonbaty*, Communication & Electronics Department, Higher institute of engineering and technology, New Damietta, Egypt.

Manuscript received on April 23, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on April 30, 2021. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2021. | PP: 17-20 | Volume-10 Issue-5, June 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.D25350410421 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D2535.0610521
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Abstract: Technologies are rapidly evolving, allowing people to live healthier and simpler lives. Sightless people are unable to carry out their everyday activities, such as walking down the street, visiting friends or relatives, or doing some other mundane tasks. As a result, the smart stick is a stick that can assist a person in walking safely without fear of colliding with another person or solid objects is proposed as a solution to this major issue. It is a development of the traditional blind stick as it acts as a companion for the blind when walking by sending audio alerts to the blind via a headphone connected to the phone with obstacles (water/walls/stairs / muddy ground) and also enables him to make a phone call to ask for help. EasyEdasoftware was used for designing and simulating electrical circuits, was used to model the electric circuit.This system functions similarly to a white cane in that it assists blind people in scanning their surroundings for obstacles or orientation marks. This system will be mounted on a white cane with an ultrasonic sensor, and a water sensor to detect changes in the environment. Ultrasonic sensors detect obstacles in front of it using ultrasonic wave reflection, water detection sensors detect whether there is a puddle. 
Keywords: Blind Stick, SmartSystems, Embedded Systems. Android
Scope of the Article: Design and diagnosis