An Investigation on Construction Crisis Framework Based on the CRITIC and WASPAS Methods, a Case Study; Khuzestan province (Iran)
Seyed Ali Mousavi Dehmourdi1, M. Gopal Naik2, Ravande Kishore3

1Seyed Ali Mousavi Dehmourdi*, Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India.
2M. Gopal Naik, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India.
3Ravande Kishore, Principal, MIT School of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Manuscript received on March 26, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on April 17, 2021. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2021. | PP: 89-100 | Volume-10 Issue-4, April 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.D23630410421 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.D2363.0410421
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The crises in construction industry are deemed a negative event in the security, economic, political, materials, or natural affairs, especially when they occur abruptly, with little or no warning; and it has always caused damage, therefore crisis management is necessary to order not turn crisis into a disaster. The present study focuses on exploring the impact of the crisis in construction projects by offering a review of the literature to identify the various associated crisis and made a case study of ‟Khuzestan province (Iran). First, through a questionnaire survey with construction experts as respondents, the initial list of 222 sub-factors were confined to a list of 174 essential crisis sub factors and were grouped under 20 main crisis factors. Second, the shortlisted 174 essential crisis sub factors conduct a questionnaire-based survey with top experts from ‟Khuzestan province (Iran) construction organization as respondents to obtain the Importance of each sub factors based on the rating of its impact the second list and using CRITIC method to weighting crisis factors. Third, ranking the influential sub crisis factors from the all sub factor list and provide a single list without considering the initial list crisis through WASPAS model. Finally, The result of the crisis effects rating, seen that the most crisis effects rating in the Khuzestan construction industry is the economic crisis, followed by the market and real estate, and then insurance, maintenance, after that respectively, logistics, and materials crises. Identify the crisis is the main part of crisis management; the obtained results help construction crisis managers and all stakeholders to achieve sustainable development in construction projects. Identifying and prioritizing construction-specific crises allow sustainable crisis managers to concentrate to be successful projects. 
Keywords: Construction Crisis, CRITIC, WASPAS, MCDM Methods.