Conversion of Citizens into E-Citizens: An Approach to Make E-Governance more Effective
Manish Ranjan Pandey1, Manoj Kapil2, Sohan Garg3
1Manish Ranjan Pandey, Department of  Mca, IFTM University Muradabad, India.
2Manoj Kapil, Department of Mca, IIMT, Meerut (U.P.) India.
3Sohan Garg, Department of Mca, IIMT, Meerut (U.P.) India.
Manuscript received on March 01, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on March 17, 2012. | Manuscript published on April 30, 2012. | PP: 73-75
 | Volume-1 Issue-4, April 2012 | Retrieval Number: D0268041412/2012©BEIESP

Open Access | Ethics and  Policies | Cite
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Though E-Government initiatives in India have gained momentum in the past decade, the citizen participation is missing. Geographical, social, & economical disparities among citizens are the biggest barriers for e-governance. Illiteracy, lack of infrastructure, security and privacy of personal and financial data are other constraints that hamper e-governance efforts. Citizens’ participation should be increased against these constraints if we want good returns on investment from our e-governance efforts. The most benefits will be achieved if the e-governance is citizen-centric which itself will transform citizens to become active participators in establishing e-democracy. 
Keywords: Illiteracy, e-democracy, security, privacy.