A Novel Segmentation Techniques for Red Blood Cells using Clustering Algorithms
M. Sivasubramanian1, Parasuraman Kumar2, M. Sivajothi3

1M. Sivasubramaniam, Research Scholar, Centre for Information Technology and Engineering, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Parasuraman Kumar, Assistant Professor, Centre for Information Technology and Engineering, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India.
3M. Sivajothi, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, Sri Parasakthi College for Women, Courtallam, Tamil Nadu, India
Manuscript received on January 26, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 05, 2020. | Manuscript published o.n February 30, 2020. | PP: 2452-2460 | Volume-9 Issue-3, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: C5901029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C5901.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: RBC called Erythrocytes is one of the important element in blood composition which is main responsible in all living cells for its gaseous exchanges with the environment externally. In general, at the physiological maintained conditions, RBC in view provides circular in the front and also looks bi-concave at side. One of serious disease with reference to blood cells is Cancer where the healthy RBC are affected. This reduces the body’s immunity factors. To identify the cancer cell various methods are employed but it does not provide the proper detection of blood cells. In this method, proper identification of the cancer cells from the unaffected RBCs was identified in which are presented in blood samples using various imaging tools and also with the techniques. The proposed novel method called Online Region Based Segmentation (ORBS) method is done which is used to discover the areas of the boundary of the unaffected corpuscles. By using properties of region, a suitable metric is formulated to determine the shape which is abnormal in the blood cells. Overall accuracy of 96.9% is obtained using proposed ORBS methods and deep learning classification (DLC) method is accurate as 97.1% that helps to diagnose cancer cell using the feature extraction process which is done automatically. The computation time was found to be less when related to the other existing method which is 22 seconds. Closeness of Proposed method in relative to True Positive values at ROC curves indicates the performance which is higher than other methods. Experimental results prove proposed systems effectiveness when compared by means of other detection methods.
Keywords: Red Blood Corpuscle(RBC); Proposed Online Region Based Segmentation; Deep learning based classifier.