Physico-Mechanical Properties of Bricks Manufactured using Cement Kiln Dust
Bashar B. Tarazi1, Abdel Moniem Y. Sanad2, Mohamed M. El-Attar3, Dina M. Sadek4
1Bashar B. Tarazi, Construction and Building Engineering, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport/ Cairo, Egypt.
2Abdel MoniemY. Sanad, Professor, Construction and Building Engineering, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport.
3Mohamed M. El-Attar, Professor, Department of Structure Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt.
4Dina M. Sadek, Building Materials Research and Quality Control Institute, Housing and Building National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt
Manuscript received on May 06, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 30, 2020. | PP: 1804-1809 | Volume-9 Issue-5, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: C4803029320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.C4803.029320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The actual increase in global industrial production and manufacturing, produces a continuous increase in amount of industrial waste and continues to emit an all-time high amount of air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. To fight and mitigate these phenomena, proper Waste Management became the pillar of most environmental strategies worldwide. By reduction of consumption, re-use of goods and recycling of products, waste management aims to preserve the resources and to protect the environment. The Cement industry is one of the most important industrial sectors for society development; however it also has significant negative environmental impacts due to its emissions and production of waste. Cement kiln dust (CKD) is an industrial waste or by product which results from cement manufacturing. CKD is fine grained, solid, highly alkaline particulate material chiefly composed of oxidized, anhydrous, micron-sized particles collected from electrostatic precipitators during the production of cement clinker. This research examines the effects of using large amounts of CKD to replace the cement content in the fabrication of solid cement bricks. It is triggered by the quadruple objectives of reducing the amount of cement consumption, disposing efficiently of its industrial waste and producing economic bricks with safe strength. The purpose of this paper is to assess the properties of solid cement bricks containing different amounts of CKD. Cement bricks produced using different amounts of CKD were tested to find their properties and final comparison has been made to identify the effect of using different CKD/Cement ratio on the performance of bricks compared to the reference specimen produced using cement only with no CKD. For the brick mixes, Ordinary Portland cement (OPC), with two cement content of 200kg/m3 and 250kg/m3 were used throughout this investigation. The physical properties; unit weight, water absorption and mechanical properties; compressive strength, flexural strength, of the produced bricks were determined. Results showed that partial replacement of OPC with CKD reduces the brick compressive strength by 18% to 23% for CKD/OPC ratio of 30% and by 36% for CKD/OPC ratio of 50% and in all cases the strength remains largely higher than the standard limit for load bearing bricks.
Keywords: Cement Kiln Dust (CKD), Portland cement, Bricks physical and mechanical properties.