Influence of Arc Flash Performance and ESDD Measurement of Bushings Tainted by Nitrates
R.Nikkitha1, L.Kalaivani2

1Nikkitha.R*, High Voltage Engineering, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti,India.
2Dr.L.Kalaivani, EEE, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, India.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 2326-2335 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number:  B3836129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.B3836.129219
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Abstract: Tainting devastate the feat of bushings. Conductors are insulated inside the bushing that carry a high voltage current through a grounded enclosure. An aspiration is to study the pollution performance of bushings tainted by Nitrates.Arc flash tests of 1kV,11kV,17.5kV bushings are tainted by three types of salts such as NaCl, NaNO3, KNO3. The morsels are negotiated under habitual environment as per IEC 60507. The impact of tainting salts with their solubility on Equivalent Salt Deposit Density (ESDD) and bushings arc flash voltage are scrutinized. The effect of tainted salts on arc flash fruition, the sway of volume conductivity and Equivalent Salt Deposit Density (ESDD) under different percentages are also scrutinized. The research upshot reveals that the Equivalent Salt Deposit Density (ESDD) rate escalated with escalating salt content. When salt concentration gets escalated then conductivity also get escalated. When Equivalent Salt Deposit Density (ESDD) get Escalated then the arc flash voltage and leakage current get slacken. Finally, the graphs are drawn between ESDD and Arc flash voltage, Conductivity and Salt concentration, Arc flash voltage and Leakage current are obtained using MATLAB software.
Keywords: Bushing, Tainted, Pollution arc flash, ESDD