Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Antenna Design: A Comparative Study
Karthikeyan.R1, Chandramouli A2, G. Srivatsun3
1Karthikeyan.R, Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Chandramouli A, PG Student, Department of ECE, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Dr. G.Srivatsun, Associate Professor, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 13 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 December 2018 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 451-459 | Volume-8 Issue-2S, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.B10951282S18/18©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: A detailed study on Ultra-wideband (UWB) antennae equipped Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) applications is done. High gain and wide bandwidth are the two antenna parameters to be considered for deep penetration in GPR applications. Among the many antennae, a comparative study on six different geometry is presented. The six different geometries include Planar, Slot, Horn, Vivaldi, Reflector and Bowtie are compared with respect to physical dimensions, operating frequency, S11, Gain and Bandwidth. Among these six structures, Vivaldi and slot antennae outperform the others with respect to gain as well as bandwidth. Planar monopole antennae are also highly preferred to achieve high gain and wide bandwidth. Use of planar monopole antenna for GPR applications is also suggested.
Keywords: UWB Antenna, GPR, S11, Gain, Planar Monopole.
Scope of the Article: Micro Strip Antenna