Fractal Geometry and Its Application to Antenna Designs
Manas Ranjan Jena1, Guru Prasad Mishra2, Amiya Bhusana Sahoo3, B.B.Mangaraj4

1Manas Ranjan Jena, Department of ECE, VSSUT, Burla, Odisha, India.
2Guru Prasad Mishra, Department of ECE, VSSUT, Burla, Odisha, India.
3Amiya Bhusana Sahoo, Department of ECE, VSSUT, Burla, Odisha, India.
4B.B.Mangaraj, Department of ECE, VSSUT, Burla, Odisha, India.
Manuscript received on September 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 3726-3743 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9793109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9793.109119
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Abstract: This paper primarily focuses on various fractal geometries and their applications to antenna designs. Several natures inspired and human inspired fractal geometries are presented one by one. Their importance and design procedure are also briefly discussed. The dimensions of such fractal geometries are found using their mathematical modeling. Considering modeling and their corresponding shapes various low profiles, low cost, small size and, light weight antenna designs for various wireless applications are described. The broadband, wideband, and multiband nature of the design due to fractal application are discussed. Finally advantages, disadvantages, major applications, and future scope of such fractal geometries are mentioned.
Keywords: Fractal geometries, Sierpinski carpet, Sierpinski gasket, IFS, Koch Curve, Hilbert Curve.