Design and Development of Universal Pillion Foot-board for Underbone Motorcycle
Ruwaidy Mat Rasul1, Tuty Liana Medali2, Sharifah Hanis Yasmin Sayid Abdullah3, Azizah Endut4
1Ruwaidy Mat Rasul*, Center for Design Study, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Tuty Liana Medali, Product Technology Department, German Malaysian Institute, Kajang, Malaysia.
3Sharifah Hanis Yasmin Sayid Abdullah, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
4Azizah Endut, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on September 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 1004-1011 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A9457109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A9457.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study is carried out to design and develop a pillion foot-board to include safety features specifically for Malaysian two-wheelers drivers and children pillion passengers. This is due to the potential vulnerability of children pillion passengers and the possibility of injuries caused by accidents. Triangulations methodology was applied with observational and survey studies have been conducted in several areas including Johor, Kelantan and Terengganu. The observation technique was conducted to identify the problem of available foot-board design and the design criterion. The interviews were conducted to identify the experience from the users. The school area was found to be the most covered place as most of the pillion passengers were the primary /elementary schools and kindergarten students. Almost 76% of the underbone motorcycle user used motorcycle for the purpose of sending and fetching their children to school every day. It was also found that they have encountered an accident before caused by the unbalanced situation on the road. The design and development of pillion foot-board namely PIJAK involved two stages before the outcome can be finalised. Preliminary design using two-dimensional and three-dimensional design was simulated using CAD software based on the product design criteria. Von Mises Stress analysis was conducted to determine the strength and capacity of the design product. Prototype 3 was found as the best model for PIJAK. The design and fabrication of PIJAK be able to provide a form of protection and comfort to young pillion riders. The product is expected to reduce the risk of children’s feet injuries during motorcycle riding.
Keywords: Children, Foot-board, Motorcycle, Pillion, Safety.