Enhancing The Mechanical Properties of Chopped Basalt Composites by Incorporating of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes
Aidah Jumahat1, Ilya Izyan Shahrul Azhar2, Napisah Sapiai3, Noor Farizza Romli4, Mohamad Aizat Aminuldin5
1Aidah Jumahat*, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA/Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Ilya Izyan Shahrul Azhar, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Johor Kampus Pasir Gudang, Malaysia.
3Napisah Sapiai, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA/Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
4Noor Farizza Romli, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA/Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
5Mohamad Aizat Aminuldin, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA/Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 5646-5650 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A3040109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A3040.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study aims to develop and determine mechanical properties chopped basalt fibre reinforced composites (CBFRP) modified with multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT). Chopped basalt composite modified with CNT was fabricated using a combination of mechanical stirring and hand layup process. Three different weight percentages of CNT i.e. 0.5, 1, 1.5wt. % were filled into epoxy resin before mixing with chopped basalt fiber. The mechanical performance namely tensile properties and fracture toughness behaviour of the fabricated chopped basalt composites was assessed using Universal Testing Machine in accordance to ASTM standard D368 and D695, respectively. The results showed that the incorporation of CNT enhanced tensile and fracture toughness properties of the CBFRP composites. However, a higher amount of CNT (1.5wt%) incorporated into the CBFRP caused reduction in tensile strength, tensile modulus and Gic by 4.40%, 2.46% and 30.36 %, respectively, as compared to those of 1.0CNT-CBFRP.
Keywords: Basalt fibre, Carbon Nanotube, Tensile Properties, Fracture Toughness.