Pineapple Leaf Fibers (PALF)/ Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Electrospun Nanofibers: Effect of Ratio on Chemical & Morphological Properties
S.N. Surip1, F.M.A. Aziz2, K.A. Sekak3
1Siti Norasmah Surip, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Fatimah Muyassarah Abdul Aziz, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Khairunnadim Ahmad Sekak, , Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 5631-5638 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A3038109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A3038.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Nanofibers capabilities in produced small materials up to nanoscale dimension, making them the perfect fundamental materials that can help improving the effectiveness of many applications. In this study, the properties of PALF/PET electrospun mats were studied. Different ratio of PALF/PET were electrospin to determine the optimum parameters for fabricating electrospun PALF/PET with minimum defect. The sample obtained were then characterized for its morphology and chemical properties. FTIR studies were done to understand the interaction occurred between PALF and PET with increasing PALF ratio. From the FTIR result, increasing PALF showed similarities spectra with raw PALF peak at 1100cm-1 indicating the influence of PALF in the fibers. This peak did not appear at low PALF content. The obtaining electrospun mats were observed under FESEM to characterize their morphological properties. Increasing in PALF ratio also attributes to the decreasing of size diameter and diameter range. From the result, PALFPET4 shows the smoother morphology with linear properties and smaller average size diameter.
Keywords: Chemical Properties, Electrospinning, Morphology Properties, Natural Fiber, PALF, PET.