Fake buster: Fake News Detection System Using Logistic Regression Technique In Machine Learning
Muhammad Syahmi Mokhtar1, Yusmadi Yah Jusoh2, Novia Admodisastro3, Noraini Che Pa4, Amru Yusrin Amruddin5
1Muhammad Syahmi Mokhtar, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Yusmadi Yah Jusoh, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Novia Admodisastro, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Noraini Che Pa, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia.Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
5Amru Yusrin Amruddin, MIMOS Berhad Jalan Inovasi 3, Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.
Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 2407-2410 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2633109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2633.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The uncontrollable spread of fake news through the net is irresistible in this globalization era. Fake news dissemination cannot be tolerated as the bad impacts of it to the society is really worrying. Furthermore, this will lead to more significant problems and potential threat such as confusion, misconceptions, slandering and luring users to share provocative lies made from fabricated news through their social media to occur. Within Malaysia context, there is lack in platform for fake news detection in Malay language articles and most of Malaysians received news through their social messaging applications. Fake news can be certainly solved by the aid of artificial intelligence which includes machine learning algorithms. The objective of this project is to propose a fake news detection model using Logistic Regression, to evaluate the performance of Logistic Regression as fake news detection model and to develop a web application that allows entry of a news content or news URL. In this study, Logistic Regression was applied in detecting fake news. Model development methodology is referenced and followed in this project. Based on existing studies, Logistic Regression showed a good performance in classification task. In addition, stance detection approach is added to improve the accuracy of the model performance. Based on analysis made, this model within stance detection approach yields an excellent accuracy using TF-IDF feature in constructing this fake news model. This model is then integrated with web service that accepts input either news URL or news content in text which is then checked for its truth level through “FAKEBUSTER” application.
Keywords: Malay Language, Dissemination, Machine Learning, Logistic Regression, Stance Detection, Fake News.