Evaluating the Functional State and Physical Fitness of Men and Women in the Second Period of Adulthood at the Initial Stage of Recreational and Training Activities
Vasiliy Stepanovich Belyaev1, A.E. Stradze2, I.A. Malygina3, Yuriy Laslovich Tusher4
1Vasiliy Stepanovich Belyaev*, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.
2A.E. Stradze, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.
3I.A. Malygina, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.
4Yuriy Laslovich Tusher, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia
Manuscript received on September 23, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 5077-5080 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2143109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2143.109119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that men and women in the second period of adulthood suffer detraining associated with low level of physical fitness and functional potential at the initial stage of recreational and training activities. Materials. The evaluation of the physical and functional potential of people in the second period of adulthood at the initial stage of recreational and training activities has been presented in the article. Methods. Analysis and generalization of scientific literature, analysis of indicators of the functional potential and physical fitness. Results. The study has been conducted with the purpose of assessing the state of physical and functional potential of the men and women in the second period of adulthood at the initial stage of recreational and training activities. The results of the experiment indicate that the men and women in the second period of adulthood are detrained. This is manifested in the worsening of almost all indicators reflecting the functional potential of the respiratory system. Disorders of the respiratory system are combined. Restriction (reduced stretchability of the lungs and chest), weakening of the respiratory muscles due to lower lung capacity with the growing Gaensler index, and obstruction (bronchospasm) – a significant decrease in all indicators reflecting bronchial permeability, especially the peak flow expiratory rate – are observed. Conclusion. The results allowed to make a conclusion about detraining associated primarily with low level of physical activity in people in the second period of adulthood, which was confirmed by the results of tests evaluating their physical performance and functional potential, low level of physical health, and weak motor potential at the initial stage of recreational and training activities.
Keywords: Adulthood, Physical qualities, Functional state, Recreational and training activities.