Analogy of Isophthalic Polyester Based Bamboo Fabric Mat and E-glass Reinforced Composite
A.K. Arun Raja1, K. Arun Vasantha Geethan2, P. Sabarish Kumar3, A. Shagul Hameed4, S.Vivekanandan5

1Mr. A. K. Arun Raja*, Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering Department in St. Joseph’s Institute of Technology, OMR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Dr. K. Arun Vasantha Geethan Professor and Head Of the Department of Mechanical Engineering St. Joseph’s Institute of Technology, OMR, Chennai, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3Mr. P Sabarish Kumar Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering Department in St. Joseph’s Institute of Technology, OMR, Chennai
4Mr. A Shagul Hameed B. E. degree in mechanical engineering in St. Joseph’s Institute of Technology, OMR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
5Mr. S. Vivekanandan is a final year student pursuing his B. E. degree in mechanical engineering in St. Joseph’s Institute of Technology, OMR, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Manuscript received on September 02, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on September 15, 2020. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2020. | PP: 74-80 | Volume-10 Issue-1, October 2020. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.A17131010120 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1713.1010120
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Bamboo (Bambusoideae) normally found abundant in South Asian region is known to have a better fabric property which is now researched as a natural alternative in various applications and field. Various research are being carried out to find a suitable replacement for the non-bio degradable plastic reinforced composites, which has a negative impact on the Environment. A similar attempt is made to present an overview of recent research efforts addressing the properties of isophthalic polyester based Bamboo fabric mat as a replacement for E-glass fabric. The Bamboo fabric is made water repellent and the properties are promoted through mercerization process. The mercerization process is done using 8% of sodium in water to form the sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The property of the fabric is further promoted by adding charcoal, during the hand moulding process. The composite material is developed with the help of isophthalic polyester resin with 2% of accelerator and hardener used along with it. Experiments are carried out as per ASTM standards to find the mechanical properties namely, tensile strength and modulus, flexural strength and modulus, and impact strength. In addition to mechanical properties, water absorption capacity and the rate of burning of the composites is also studied. Further, fractured surface of the specimen is subjected to morphological study using scanning electron microscope. With help of the research and study, it can be found whether the isophthalic resin-based bamboo fabric mat can be used as an alternate for E-Glass fabric composite in various applications such as automobile and structural applications. 
Keywords: Bambusoideae, E-Glass, Isophthalic, Mercerization, Reinforcement.