Real Time Static Gesture Recognition using Time of Flight Camera
Netra Lokhande

Dr. Netra Lokhande, School of Computer Engineering & Technology, MIT World Peace University,Kothrud,Pune. Country.

Manuscript received on September 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on October 20, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2019. | PP: 1426-1432 | Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1232109119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A1232.109119
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Abstract: Hand gesture recognition is challenging task in machine vision due to similarity between inter class samples and high amount of variation in intra class samples. The gesture recognition independent of light intensity, independent of color has drawn some attention due to its requirement where system should perform during night time also. This paper provides an insight into dynamic hand gesture recognition using depth data and images collected from time of flight camera. It provides user interface to track down natural gestures. The area of interest and hand area is first segmented out using adaptive thresholding and region labeling. It is assumed that hand is the closet object to camera. A novel algorithm is proposed to segment the hand region only. The noise due to ToF camera measurement is eliminated by preprocessing algorithms. There are two algorithms which we have proposed for extracting the hand gestures features. The first algorithm is based on computing the region distance between the fingers and second one is about computing the shape descriptor of gesture boundary in radial fashion from the centroid of hand gestures. For matching the gesture the distance between two independent regions is computed for every row and column. Same process is repeated across the columns. The number of total region transitions are computed for every row and column. These number of transitions across rows and columns forms the feature vector. The proposed solution is easily able to deal with static and dynamic gestures. In case of second approach we compute the distance between the gesture centroid and shape boundaries at various angles from 0 to 360 degrees. These distances forms the feature vector. Comparison of result shows that this method is very effective in extracting the shape features and competent enough in terms of accuracy and speed. The gesture recognition algorithm mentioned in this paper can be used in automotive infotainment systems, consumer electronics where hardware needs to be cost effective and the response of the system should be fast enough.
Keywords: ToF (Time of flight camera), thresholding, segmentation, hand gesture recognition, static gestures, dynamic gestures, human computer interaction, shape coding, chain coding, fourier descriptors.