Neural Network-based Offline Handwritten Signature Verification System using Hu’s Moment Invariant Analysis
Sandeep Patil1, Shailendra Dewangan2
1Sandeep Patil, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, SSCET Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India.
2Shailendra Patil, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, SSCET Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India.
Manuscript received on October 06, 2011. | Revised Manuscript received on October 12, 2011. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2011 . | PP: 73-79 | Volume-1 Issue-1, October 2011. | Retrieval Number: A0116101111/2011©BEIESP
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Handwritten signatures are considered as the most natural method of authenticating a person’s identity (compared to other biometric and cryptographic forms of authentication). The learning process inherent in Neural Networks (NN) can be applied to the process of verifying handwritten signatures that are electronically captured via a stylus. This paper presents a method for verifying handwritten signatures by using NN architecture. Various static (e.g., area covered, number of elements, height, slant, etc.)  and dynamic (e.g., velocity, pen tip pressure, etc.) signature features are extracted and used to train the NN . Several Network topologies are tested and their accuracy is compared. Although the verification process can be thought to as a monolith component, it is recommended to divide it into loosely coupled phases (like preprocessing, feature extraction, feature matching, feature comparison and classification) allowing us to gain a better control over the precision of different components. This paper focuses on classification, the last phase in the process, covering some of the most important general approaches in the field. Each approach is evaluated for applicability in signature verification, identifying their strength and weaknesses. It is shown, that some of these weak points are common between the different approaches and can partially be eliminated with our proposed solutions. To demonstrate this, several local features are introduced and compared using different classification approaches.
Keywords: Handwritten Signature Verification (HSV), Hu’s moment invariants, Neural Networks (NN), offline, Signature Recognition, etc.