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Volume-7 Issue-2, December 2017, ISSN: 2249-8958 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Page No.

1.

Authors:

 Poorna Pathak, Sunil Kumar Singh

Paper Title:

A Survey Report on Isolation Techniques for Printed MIMO Antenna Systems

Abstract: Wireless communication has become an essential part of our day to day life. Printed antennas are leading technology for these wireless systems. With the ever growing demand of higher data rate and larger channel capacity, Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology find its place among various existing wireless technologies. Like other technologies this also has limitations due to system size and space related issues. Fortunately researchers are successfully find way to address these problems. Lot of intense research work is done and lot more is yet to be done. This survey is mainly aimed towards summarizing various isolation techniques used in MIMO systems. To the best of author’s knowledge this kind surveys are very few and more need to be carried out. The focus of present survey is on categorization of various isolation techniques.

Keywords: Channel Capacity, Decoupling Structures, Isolation, Multiple Input Multiple Output, Mutual Coupling, Wireless Communication.

References:

1.    Goldsmith, Wireless Communications. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.

2.   Li Liu, S. W. Cheung and T.I. Yuk, “Compact MIMO Antenna for Portable Devices in UWB Applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. 61, No. 8, August2013, p. 4257-4264.

3.     M. Toolabi, R.A. Sadeghzadeh and M.N. Moghadasi, “Compact Meandered-Shape Electromagnetic Bandgap Structure Using in a Microstrip Array Antenna Application,” Micro. And Optic. Techno. Letters, Vol. 58, No. 9, September 2016, p. 2084-2088.

4.   Xu Yang, Ying Liu, Yun-xue Xu and Shu-xi Gong, “Isolation Enhancement in Patch Antenna Array with Fractal UC-EBG Structure and Cross Slot,”(to be published) IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Letters, DOI 10.1109/LAWP.2017.2703170.

5.   Bhatti R.A., Yi S, Park S-O, “Compact Antenna Array with Port Decoupling for LTE-Standardized Mobile Phones,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Letters. 2009, Vol. 8, No. 3, p. 143.

6.    Khan M.S., Capobianco A. D., Nijam A.I., Shoib I., Autizi E. and Shafique M.F., “Compact Ultra-Wideband Diversity Antenna with a Floating Parasitic Digitated Decoupling Structure,” IET Microw., Antenna and Propag. 2014; 8(10):747-53.

7.    Xia R, Qu S, Jiang Q, Li P and Nie Z., “An Efficient Decoupling Feeding Network for Two Element Microstrip Antenna Array,” IEEE Trans. On Anten. And Wireless Propag. Letters. 2015; 14:871-4.

8.   Lin K.C., Wu C.H., Lai C.H. and Ma T.G., “Novel Dual Band Decoupling Network for two Element closely spaced Array using Synthesized Microstrip lines,” IEEE Trans. On Antennas and Propag., 2012, Vol. 60, No. 11, p. 5118-5146.

9.  Chen W.J.and Lin H.H., “LTE700/WWAN MIMO Antenna System Integrated with Decoupling Structure for Isolation Improvement,” Antenna and Propag. Society International Symposium (APSURSI);  2014; p. 689-90.

10.  Islam M.T.and Alam M.S., “Compact EBG Structure for alleviating Mutual Coupling between Patch antenna Array Elements,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research, 2013, Vol. 137, p. 425-438.

11.  Yu-Ting W. and Chu Q.X., “Dual Band Multiple Input Multiple Output Antenna with slitted Ground,” Microw. Antennas and Propag., 2014, Vol. 8, No. 13, p. 1007-1013.

12.  Chiu C.Y., Cheng C.H., Murch R.D. and Rowell C.R., “Reduction of Mutual Coupling between closely packed Antenna Elements,” IEEE Trans. on Antenna and Propag. 2007. Vol. 55, No. 6, p. 1732-1740.

13.   Ghosh C.K. and Parui S.K., “Reduction of Cross Polar Radiation of a dual trace Omni Directional Microstrip Antenna Array by using Dumbbell-Shaped Resonator,” Microw. And Optic.Tech. Letters, 2014. Vol. 56, No. 1, p. 141-146.

14.   Salehi M., Motevasselian A, Tavakoli A. and Heidari T., “Mutual Coupling Reduction of Microstrip Antennas using Defected ground Structure,” International Conference on Comm. Systems (ICCS), 2006. P. 1-5.

15.  Islam M.T. and  Alam M.S., “Compact EBG Structure for Alleviating Mutual Coupling between Patch Antenna Array Elements,” Prog. In Electromag. Research, 2013, 137:425-438.

16.   Sung Y.J., Kim M. and Kim M.S., “Harmonics Reduction with Defected Ground Structure for a Microstrip Patch Antenna,” IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propag. Letters, 2003. 2:111-3.

17.   Yu Y. et al. “Dual Frequency Two-Element Antenna Array with Suppressed Mutual Coupling,” Internat. Journal of Antennas and Propag. 2014, 1-6.

18.   M.S. Sharawi, “Printed Multiband MIMO Antenna Systems and their Performance metrics,” IEEE Antennas and Propag. Mag., 2013. (55):218-232.

19.    Li Y., Wem X.L., Chengyuan L. and T. Jiang, “Two UWB-MIMO Antennas with high Isolation using Sleeve Coupled Stepped Impedance Resonators,” Antenna and Propag. (APCAP), 2012; 21-2.

20.  H. Wang, D.G. Feng and X.L. Wang, “Mutual Coupling Reduction between two Microstrip Patch Antennas by using the Parasitic Elements,” Microwave Conference, 2008. P. 1-4.

21.  S. Ghosh, T.N. Tran and T. Li-Ngoc, “Dual-Layer EBG-based Miniaturized Multi-Element Antenna for MIMO Systems,” IEEE Trans. on Antenna and Propag., 2014. Vol. 62, No. 8, p. 3985-3997.

22.   Y.T. Wu and Q.X. Chu, “Dual-Band Multiple Input Multiple Output Antenna with slitted Ground,” Microwaves, Antennas and Propag. 2014. Vol. 8, No. 13, p. 10007-1013.

23.   Y. Wang and Z. Dun, “A Wideband Printed Dual-Antenna System with a novel neutralization line for Mobile Terminals,” Antenas and Wireless propag. Letters, 2013. Vol. 12, p. 1428-1431.

24.    S.W. Su, C.T. Lee and F.S. Chang, “Printed MIMO Antenna System using Neutralization Line Technique for Wireless USB-dongle Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propag. 2012. Vol. 60, No. 2, p. 456-459.

25.    S. Zhang and G. Pedersen, “Mutual Coupling Reduction for UWB MIMO Antennas with a Wideband Neutralization Line,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Letters, 2015. Vol. 15, p. 166-175.

26.     M.U. Khan, M.S. Sharawi and R. Mitra,”Microstrip Patch Antenna Miniaturization Techniques: A Review,” IET Microwaves, Antennas And Propagation, 2015. Vol. 9, p. 913-922.

27.    Y.H. Ren, “A Wideband Dual Polarized Printed Antenna based on CSRR, ” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Letters, 2015. Vol. 14, p. 410-413.

28.   D.S. Chandu, S.S. Karthikeyan and K.V.P. Kumar, “Reduction of Mutual Coupling in a Two Element Patch Antenna Array using sub-wavelength Resonators,” 21st National Conference on Communications (NCC); 2015.

29.  A. Habashi, J. Nourinia and C. Ghobadi, “Mutual Coupling Reduction Between very Closely Spaced Patch Antennas using Low Profile Folded SRR,” IEEE Antennas and wireless Propag. Letters, 2011. Vol. 10, p. 862-867.

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2.

Authors:

Prebhakumari K. S, N. Ganesan, Safeer A.

Paper Title:

Influence of Surface Textures on Shear Capacity of High Strength Concrete Interfaces

Abstract: Construction joints cannot be avoided in any type of construction when the size of a structure is too large or construction is carried out in stage-by-stage. As construction is made on stages, joints between concretes is formed and these interfacial joints play a major role in overall efficiency of the structural system which take part in transferring loads and stresses from one section to other section. Shear stress transfer mechanism between two concrete layers is a complex phenomenon. Several parameters like roughness of interfaces, dowel action due to aggregates used, compression resistance of weaker concrete and reinforcement crossing the interface influence the shear transfer mechanism. Performance of the joints should be studied since the sections connected by the joints may be of different properties. Concrete layers having difference in aggregate types, cement content and water cement ratio should be analyzed for interface shear. This paper reports tests in which direct shear forces are applied across the High Strength Concrete joints between concretes forming a composite action. Push-off specimens are used for experimental study. Specimens were cast with Manufactured sand (M sand) and river sand as fine aggregates. Surface textures are varied by imparting smoothness and roughness at interface and shear transfer mechanism is studied. Also effect of variation in shear transfer capacity due to fine aggregates used at interface is studied

Keywords: Construction Joints, Dowel Action, High Strength Concrete, Push-Off, Shear Transfer.

References: 

  1. H., (2011) “Influence new-to-old concrete interface qualities on the behaviour of support zones of composite concrete beams” construction and Building Materials pp 4072-4078
  2. G Appa.R., Raghu.P.B.K., (2011) “Influence of interface properties on fracture behaviour of concrete” Indian Academy of Sciences
  3. N.R., Jagannath.L., Nagaraja.K.P., Prabhakara.R., (2015) “Evaluation Of In-Plane Shear Strength In Scc Using Inclined Plane Push-Off Specimen” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology vol.2
  4. M.H., Nasar.K.O., Hakim.S.M., (2009) “Dowel Action Between Two Concretes” Journal of Engineering vol 15
  5. S.J., Yu.H.W., Lee.H.J., (2000) “Theory of Interface Shear Capacity of Reinforced Concrete” Journal of Structural Engineering
  6. S.I., Khairul.H.P., Hamid.M.A.B., Aziz.S., Noor.N.S., (2014) “ Ultimate Shear Capacity And Failure Of Shear Key Connection In Precast Concrete Construction” Malaysian journal of Civil Engineering pp 413-430
  7. E.M., Izni.S.I., (2015) “ Interface Shear strength of concrete-to-concrete Bond with and Without Projecting Steel Reinforcement” Jurnal Teknologi
  8. J.A.,(2010) “Shear Capacity Of Concrete Prisms With Interface Joints” Journal of Engineering vol 16
  9. E.L., Anil.K.P., (1994) “Horizontal Shear Strength of Composite Concrete Beams With a Rough Interface” PCI Journal.

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3.

Authors:

Sheeba Jeba Malar J, Jayaraju M.

Paper Title:

Voltage Profile Improvement of Distribution System using Dynamic Evolution Controller for Boost Converter in Photovoltaic System

Abstract: The existing electrical network faces problem for control and operation, since the power flow from the PV system is inconstant and hence there will be voltage fluctuation in the AC grid. This study focuses on the analysis of PV system connected to the utility grid through boost converter whose duty cycle is generated by Dynamic Evolution Controller (DEC) that applies the control law which is a function of input voltage, output voltage and inductor current, that generates a control signal which will be applied to the boost converter in such a way that it takes the voltage to a value which will operate the PV at its maximum power. The constant DC voltage thus obtained is converted to AC by using an inverter before connecting to the grid. To check the voltage variation due to the injection of PV and the effect of DEC, load flow analysis is done on IEEE 33 bus radial distribution system by connecting it in the weaker bus. The simulation is done using MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results shows that there is considerable improvement in system voltage profile at the terminal nodes in the radial distribution system than the rest of the nodes.

Keywords: Radial Distribution System, Photo Voltaic Source, Dynamic Evolution Controller, Boost Converter, Duty Cycle.

References: 

  1. Choi, B, Lim, W., & Choi, S. “Control design and closed-loop analysis of a switched-capacitor DC-to-DC converter”. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 37(3), 1099_1107, 2001.
  2. Yao Wang Christian Klumpner, “Optimal Design of a DC/DC Converter for Photovoltaic Applications” IEEE, 2005
  3. Athimulam Kalirasu, Subharensu Sekar Dash, “Simulation of Closed  loop controlled boost converter for solar installation”, Serbian Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol 7, No.1, May 2010,  121 – 130.
  4. S. Samosir and A. H. M. Yatim, “Implementation of new control method based on dynamic evolution control with linear evolution path for boost DC–DC converter,” IEEE International Conference on Power and Energy, Dec. 2008, pp. 213–218.
  5. S. Samosir and A. H. M. Yatim, “Dynamic evolution control of bidirectional DC–DC converter for interfacing ultracapacitor energy storage to fuel cell electric vehicle system,” in Proc. AUPEC Conf., Dec. 2008, pp. 1–6
  6. H. Haque. Efficient load flow method for distribution systems with radial or mesh configuration. IEE Proc. On Generation, Transmission and Distribution. 1996, 143 (1): 33-38.
  7. Radial Distribution Test Feeders-IEEE Distribution System Analysis Subcommittee report, available at: ewh.ieee.org/soc/pes/dsacom/testfeeders.html
  8. Rashid, M. H., “Power Electronics Circuits, Devices, and Applications”. Pearson Education India, 2009
  9. Pushpendra Mishra, H.N.Udupa, Piyush Ghune, “ Calculation of sensitive node for IEEE 14 bus system when subjected to various changes in load “Proceedings of IRAJ International Conference, 21st July 2013, Pune, India, ISBN: 978-93-82702-22-1
  10. M. A. Ghali, M. S. Abdel-Motaleb and H. A. El-Khashab, “Dynamic Stability Analysis of PV Injected Power into a Parallel AC-DC Power System”, IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Hawaii, USA, 1994, pp.1056-1059.
  11. Ravi Babu, M.P.V.V.R.Kumar, “A novel Power Flow solution methodology for Radial Distribution Systems,” IEEE International Conference on Computational Technologies in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SIBIRCON , Russia, 2010.
  12. M.S.Srinivas, "Distribution Load Flows: A brief review," Proceedings of IEEE PES Winter Meeting, Jan. 2000, Vol. 2, pp.942 – 945.

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4.

Authors:

Rakesh Prajapati, Mitul Gandhi, Purvik Patel, Saurabh Modi

Paper Title:

Fixture Modification of a 5- Axis CNC Machine (Makino)

Abstract: Now a day’s many industries use CNC machines for the production of turbo machinery components like turbine blades, impellers, rotors, propellers etc, minimum workpiece deformation due to clamping and cutting forces is essential to maintain the machining accuracy. Fixtures are work holding devices designed to hold, locate and support work pieces during manufacturing operations. Fixtures provide a means to reference and align the cutting tool to the workpiece but they do not guide the tool. The L&T – MHPS Turbine Generators Pvt Ltd company is design and manufacture turbine blade parts. Many of the parts required sophisticated fixturing in order to be machine. L&T-MHPS Company Pvt Ltd, Hazira was used fixture (MAKINO) brand and L&T Company is recently used to 4-axis CNC fixture machine. This fixture is movement of spindle and chuck rotate on x, y and z direction the motion of cutting tool A and B is spindle motion. We are design and modification of 5-axis fixture system which would eliminate the need for different fixture for each machine.

Keywords: Fixture, LM Guide Ways, Lead Screw, Plates, Carriage, Bed

References: 

  1. Brian Dorchik, Steven Feroli, Ryan McGlone, Ryan McLaughlin, “Design of a 5-Axis Fixture System” Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester,  Massachusetts, 06-07,Aug.
  2. Boyes, William E (1982). Jigs and Fixtures. Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Marketing Services Dept., Dearborn Mich.
  3. Chou, Y.C. Geometric Reasoning for Layout Design of Machining Fixtures. Int. J. Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vo1.7, No.3, pp175-185. 1994.
  4. Henriksen, E.K. Jig and Fixture Design Manual. New York: Industrial Press. 1973. IMAO. IMAO Venlic Block Jig System (BJS) Fixturing Guide. IMAO Corporation. Institution of Production Engineers. Data Memoranda on Jig and Fixture Design. London: The Institutions of Production Engineers. 1973.
  5. Balaji Badavath & Dr. S. Chakradhara Goud, “ DESIGN OF A MULTI PURPOSE FIXTURE FOR 4-AXIS CNC MACHINE”, AIJREAS VOLUME 1, ISSUE 4 (2016, April) (ISSN-2455-6300).
  6. Shailesh S.Pachbhai1, Laukik P.Raut2, “A Review on Design of Fixtures”, International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 2, Feb-Mar 2014. ISSN 2091-2730
  7. Guohua Qin, Weihong, Zhang Min Wan “Analysis and Optimal Design of Fixture Clamping Sequence ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 2006.
  8. Jagdish Kattimani1, Dnyaneshwar Kedar2, Vikramaditya Patil3, Mukesh Chhanwal4, Nitin Gupte5, “Automation of Mechanisms in B-Test Fixture for Process Cycle Time Improvement”, International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET), Volume 3 Issue IV, April 2015, ISSN: 2321-9653
  9. Hui Wanga, Yiming (Kevin) Ronga,b, Hua Li b, Price Shaunb, “Computer aided fixture design: Recent research and trends”, Computer-Aided Design 42 (2010) 1085–1094.
  10. Introduction to Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Machines,” Version 2 EE IIT, Kharagpur”.
  11. Rajkumar.E, “A Comprehensive Review on Computer Aided Fixture Design, Analysis, Optimization and Verification”, International Journal of Pharmacy & Technology, ISSN: 0975-766X.
  12. Abhijeet Swami1, Prof. G.E. Kondhalkar2, “Design, Development and Analysis of Hydraulic Fixture for machining Engine cylinder block on VMC” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), e-ISSN: 2395 -0056,  Volume: 03 Issue: 08 | Aug-2016,  p-ISSN: 2395-0072.

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5.

Authors:

M. I. Youssef, A. E. Emam, M. ABD Elghany

Paper Title:

Performance Evaluation of MIMO-OFDM Communication Systems

Abstract: This paper evaluates the bit error rate (BER) performance of MIMO-OFDM communication system. MIMO system uses multiple transmitting and receiving antennas with different coding techniques to either enhance the transmission diversity or spatial multiplexing gain. Utilizing alamouti algorithm were the same information is transmitted over multiple antennas in different time intervals and then collected again at the receivers to minimize the probability of error, combat fading and thus improve the received signal to noise ratio. While utilizing V-BLAST algorithm the transmitted signals are divided into different transmitting channels and transferred over the channel to be received by different receiving antennas to increase the transmitted data rate and achieve higher throughput. The paper provides a study for different diversity gain coding schemes and spatial multiplexing coding for MIMO systems. A comparison of varies channels estimation and equalization techniques are given. The simulation is implemented using MATLAB and the results had shown the performance of transmission models under different channel environments.

Keywords: Alamouti, BER, Channels, MIMO Communication, Space Codes, V-BLAST.

References: 

  1. Ashraf, K., & Khan, N. M. (2009). Performance comparison of Alamouti ST codes with different STTC over Rayleigh fading channels. 2009 IEEE 13th International Multitopic Conference. doi:10.1109/inmic.2009.5383136
  2. Biradar, R. (2015, July). Study and Analysis of 2x2 MIMO Systems for Different Modulation Techniques Using MATLAB. Retrieved September 10, 2017, from http://www.techrepublic.com/resource-library/whitepapers/study-and-analysis-of-2x2-mimo-systems-for-different-modulation-techniques-using-matlab/
  3. Barbarossa, S. (2005). Multiantenna Wireless Communication Systems. USA: Artech House. doi:9781580536349
  4. Devlal, Y. (2015). MIMO Performance analysis with Alamouti STBC Code and V-BLAST Detection Scheme. International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), 4(1), 199-204. Retrieved from ijsetr.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/IJSETR-VOL-4-ISSUE-1-199-204.pdf.
  5. Jakes, W.C. (1974). Microwave Mobile Communications, Wiley, 1974.
  6. Rice, S.O. (1948). “Mathematical analysis of a sine wave plus random noise”, Bell System Technical Journal, 27 (1), pp.109-157
  7. Sethi, 1. (2016). Comparison of MIMO Modulation Technique under Alamouti Technique. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 6(6), 246-248. Retrieved from https://www.ijarcsse.com/docs/papers/Volume_6/6_June2016/V6I6-0175.pdf.
  8. Singh, H. (2014). Performance Analysis of MIMO Spatial Multiplexing using different Antenna Configurations and Modulation Techniques in AWGN Channel. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: F Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 14(5),
  9. Singh, G. (2012). Comparison of Different Modulation Techniques Using V-Blast Mimo System in Rayleigh Channel. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 4(2), 91-100. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e5db/6168dfc48030ac84591819e6f9f6f628e6f4.pdf.
  10. Siavash M Alamouti, (October 1998). “A Simple Transmit Diversity Technique for Wireless Communication”, IEEE Journal on selected areas in Communication, Vol 16, No: 8.
  11. Saunders S R, (1999). ‘Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems’, Wiley.
  12. Tanmeet, K. (2013). “Performance Evaluation of MIMO Systems with varying number of transmitting antennas”, International Journal of Innovation research in electrical, electronics, instrumentation and control engineering, 1(2), 6th ser., 38-40.
  13. Wolniansky, P. (n.d.). V-BLAST: An Architecture for Realizing Very High Data ... Retrieved September 10, 2017, from http://www.bing.com/cr?IG=B220BAC254694761B74C4DE7CA3D0797&CID=3ACC8717A1AC6BA30BB68DEEA0AA6A16&rd=1&h=n8SifGHU87tbFrTol32EmX9SpTpMk8r1rH7-1oUhVAw&v=1&r=http%3a%2f%2fwww.ee.columbia.edu%2f%7ejiantan%2fE6909%2fwolnianskyandfoschini.pdf&p=DevEx,5062.1

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6.

Authors:

Eed A. Abdel-Hadi, Sherif H. T., Ahmed S. K., A. A. Al-Shafai

Paper Title:

The Influence of Natural Gas Velocity on Hot Tapping Process

Abstract: The paper presents a numerical modeling of an arc welding as a heat source for the in-service natural gas pipeline at operating pressure 45 bar and 2 m/s velocity to allow predict peak temperature and cooling rate at specific points. Taking in to consideration all boundary conditions of fluid properties, ambient condition, and material specifications to achieve a sufficient model for the influence of natural gas velocity on the welding process to prevent the risk of hydrogen induced crack and burn through risk. Experiments were carried out on the national natural gas transmission pipeline in Egypt, during a hot tapping process for new branch execution, measurements and boundary conditions were recorded and then compared with numerical modeling analysis, furthermore, changing of natural gas velocity from 2 m/s to 20 m/s in numerical modeling were carried out to predict the risk of hydrogen induced crack and burn through; and to precise the safe range of gas velocity during hot tapping process.

Keywords: Hot-Tapping Process, Velocity Influence In-Service Welding, Natural Gas

References: 

  1. Cen K., Zhang D. and Yin J., Numerical Simulation of Sleeve Repair Welding on In-service 16Mn Crude Oil Pipelines.
  2. Xiaolong X., Jia-Gui and Widera G.E.O., 2007, Numerical Simulation of In-Service Welding of a Pressurized Pipeline, ASME Journal.
  3. Zhu J., Xue X. and Sang Z., 2005, Study on Design Pressure of In-service Welding Pipes, Technological Sciences Journal.
  4. J.Painter and P. Sabapathy, 2000, In-Service Welding of Gas Pipelines, The University of Adelaide.
  5. Jan L. H.,2003. Numerical modeling of welding induced stresses, Technical University of Denmark.
  6. Bang I. W., Son Y.-P., Oh K. H., Kim Y. P. and Kim W. S., 2002, Numerical Simulation of Sleeve Repair Welding of In-Service Gas Pipelines, Welding Journal
  7. Farid V. T. and Hamed M., 2009, Two-Dimensional Thermomechanical Analysis of Burn-Through at In-Service Welding of Pressurized Canals, Journal of Applied Sciences.
  8. Sabapathy P.N, Wahab M.A., Painter M.J., 2001, Numerical Models of In-Service Welding of Gas Pipelines, Journal of Materials Processing Technology.
  9. Ying W., Lijun W., Xinjie D., Yeteng S., Xiuwei B., AND Xiumin G., 2013, Simulation and analysis of temperature field for in-service multi-pass welding of a sleeve fillet weld, Computational Materials Science.
  10. Muna K. Abbass, Dr. Jalal M. Jalil, and Dr. Abbas Sh. Alwan, 2010, Numerical Simulation of In-Service Welding of a Pressurized Pipeline, Eng.&Tech. Journal, Vol.28, No 12.
  11. Goldak, J., Chakravarti, A., and Bibby, M. 1984, A new finite element model for welding heat sources. Metall. Trans.
  12. Holman J. P., 1992, Heat transfer, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  13. Kasuya, T., Yurioka, N., and Okumura M., 1995, Methods for predicting maximum hardness of heat-affected zone and selecting necessary preheat temperature for steel welding. Nippon Steel Technical Report 65(4): 7–14.
  14. Joanna M. N., 2008, The prediction of maximum HAZ hardness in C-Mn and low alloy steel arc welds, International Conference ‘Computer Technology in Welding and Engineering, University of Cranfield.

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7.

Authors:

Poorna Pathak, Sunil Kumar Singh

Paper Title:

Isolation Enhancement in a Printed UWB-MIMO Antenna System

Abstract: UWB printed antennas are essential part of most of the wireless portable devices. Due to the induction of 4G and upcoming 5G technologies, the demand of higher data rate and larger channel capacity has become a serious issue. Multiple Inputs Multiple Output (MIMO) technology find its place among various existing wireless technologies as a solution to various short comings of UWB like multi path fading. The isolation performance of a previously proposed UWB-MIMO antenna is improved using meandered line parasitic monopole and a reflector composed of hexagonal ring cells. The proposed antenna works over 3.1-10.6GHz band with mutual coupling less than -21 dB. All simulations are done in ANSOFT HFSS 13.0. 

Keywords: Isolation, Multiple Input Multiple Output, Mutual Coupling, Ultra Wide Band, Wireless Communication.

References: 

  1. Federal Communication Commission (FCC), Revision of part 15 of the Commission’s Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems First Rep and Order, ET Docket 98-153, FCC 02-48, Adopted: Feb.2002; Released, Apr. 2002.
  2. Toolabi, R. A. Sadeghzadeh, and M. N. Moghadasi, “Compact meandered-shape electromagnetic bandgap structure using in a Microstrip array antenna application,” Micro. And Optical Techno. Letters, Vol. 58, No. 09, September 2016, pp. 2084-2088.
  3. Xu Yang, Ying Liu, Yun-xue Xu and Shu-xi Gong, “Isolation enhancement in patch antenna array with fractal UC-EBG structure and cross slot,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., (to be published), DOI:10.1109/ LAWP.2017.2703170.
  4. Li Liu, S. W. Cheung and T.I. Yuk, “Compact MIMO Antenna for Portable Devices in UWB Applications,” IEEE Trans. Antenna Propagat., Vol. 61, No. 8, August2013, p. 4257-4264.
  5. Poorna Pathak and S. K. Singh “A Survey Report on Isolation Techniques for Printed MIMO Antenna Systems,” International Journ. Of Engg. And Advanced Tech., Vol. 07, No. 02, December 2017, p. 1-4.
  6. A, Rajagopalan, G. Gupta, A. S. Konanur, B. Hughes, and G. Lazzi, “Increasing Channel Capacity of an Ultra Wideband MIMO System using Vector Antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.,Vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 2880-2887, 2007..
  7. Zhang, B.K. Lau, A. Sunesson, and S He, “Closely-packed UWB-MIMO/diversity antenna with different different patterns and polarizations for USB dongle applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. Vol. 60, No. 9, p. 4372-4380, 2012.
  8. Adamiuk, S. Beer, W. Wiesbeck, and T. Zwick, “Dual-orthogonal polarized antenna for UWB-IR technology,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., 2009; Vol. 8, pp. 981-984.
  9. A. Daviu, M. Gallo, B. B. Clemente, and M. F, Bataller, “Ultra-wideband slot ring antenna for diversity applications,” Electron. Lett., Vol. 46, no. 07, pp. 478-480, 2010.
  10. Gallo, E. A. Daviu, M. F. Bataller, M. Bozzetti, J. M. Pardo, and L. J. Llacer, “A broadband pattern diversity annular slot antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 2012, Vol. 60, No. 3, p. 1596-1600.
  11. C. Lu, and Y. C. Lin, “A compact dual polarizaed UWB antenna with high port isolation,” in Proc. IEEE Antennas Propag. Society International Symposium (APSURSI-2010); Toronto, On Canada, Jul. 2010.
  12. S. Sharawi, “Current misuses and future prospects for printed Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output antenna systems,” IEEE Antennas and Propag. Mag., April 2017. DOI 10.1109/MAP.2017 2658346.
  13. antenna-theory.com.

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8.

Authors:

M. K. Naga Mounika, N. Bhupesh Kumar

Paper Title:

Optimization of Power Generation and Reliability Enhancement of Photovoltaic System

Abstract: In this paper a PV array mathematical model with different MPPT techniques in a standalone mode is validated. The PV array characteristics are highly non-linear as they depend on irradiation and temperature. Therefore it is important to extract the optimum possible power from PV panels with control algorithms. The total efficiency of photovoltaic generation conversion is reduced due to partial shading. PV array along with buck converter and MPPT controller are simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment. When climatic conditions vary, the parameters of capacitance and inductance of DC-DC converter will change to attain optimal efficiency. The effect of climatic conditions on design of two elements (inductance, capacitance) for buck topology is also discussed. This paper presents different MPPT techniques like Perturb & observe, Incremental conductance, Fractional open circuit voltage, Constant current and intelligent control methods to extract the optimum power from PV panel. This paper proposes differential power converter to overcome the PV partial shading problem along with INC control algorithm.

Keywords: Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT), Perturb & Observe (P&O), Incremental Conductance (INC), Fuzzy Logic Controller, Partial Shading, Differential Power Converter.

References: 

  1. Trishan Esram;Philip T.Krein;Brain T.khun;Robert S.Balag and Patrik L.Chapman “Power Electronics Needs for Achieving Grid-Parity Solar Energy Costs ”,IEEE Trans.on Energy conference,2008.
  2. A Lynn, electricity from sunlight “An introduction to Photo Voltaics”,John wiley & Sons 2010,P.238.
  3. Salameh and D.Taylor, “Step-up maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic arrays”, Solar energy ,vol.44, pp. 57-61,1990.
  4. Hua and C.shen, “Study of maximum power point tracking techniques and control of dc-dc converters for photovoltaic power systems”, in proc.29th Annu. IEEEPESC, vol.1, pp. 86-93, May 1998.
  5. Esram and P.L.Chapman, “comparision of photo voltaic array maximum power point techniques”,IEEE transactions on Energy conversion, 22(2),439-449 ,2007.
  6. De Soto, S. A. Klein, and W. A. Beckman, “Improvement and validation of a model for photovoltaic array performance,” Solar Energy, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 78–88, Jan. 2006.
  7. R.Walker and P.C.Sernia “Cascaded DC-DC converter connection of Photo Voltaic modules”, IEEE Trans. Power electron., vol 19,no.4,pp.1130-1139,Jul-2004
  8. Kim and W. Choi, “A novel parameter extraction method for the one diode solar cell model,” Solar Energy, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 1008–1019, Jun. 2010.
  9. W. Hart, “Power Electronics,” McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., New York, 2010.
  10. H. Rashid, “Power Electronics Handbook,” 2nd Edition, Academic Press, New York, 2007
  11. Bhupesh Kumar and Dr.K.Vijaya Kumar Reddy, “Maximum Power Point Tracking of PV Arrays using Different Techniques,” Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com ISSN : 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 7( Version 6), July 2014, pp.49-57.
  12. A. S. Masoum, M. Sarvi, “A new fuzzy-based Maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic applications”, Iranian Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Vol. 1, January 2005.
  13. Bhupesh Kumar, Sr. Assistant Professor, Department of EEE, Sir C R Reddy College of Engineering, Eluru “Fast tracking of the maximum power point of pv arrays using fuzzy logic controller” IJERIA2012-13 ISSN: 2248-9278/Sep-Oct 13/Vol-2/Issue-1/Pg.1439-1444.
  14. Bhupesh Kumar, Sr. Assistant Professor, Department of EEE, Sir C R Reddy College of Engineering, Eluru ”Advanced Fuzzy Logic Controller for Tracking the Maximum Power Point of PV Arrays” (IJERT) ISSN: 2278-0181 Vol. 2 Issue 11, November – 2013.
  15. S. Shenoy, K. A. Kim, and P. T. Krein, “Comparative analysis of differential power conversion architectures and controls for solar photovoltaics,” in Proc. IEEE Workshop Control Model. Power Electron., 2012.
  16. R.Walker and P.C.Sernia “Cascaded DC-DC converter connection of Photo Voltaic modules”, IEEE Trans. Power electron., vol 19,no.4,pp.1130-1139,Jul-2004.

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9.

Authors:

Mahdi Hosseini, N. V. Ramana Rao

Paper Title:

Earthquakes Analysis of High Rise Buildings with Effect of Box Shape RC Shear Walls at the Center

Abstract: Shear walls are a type of structural system that provides lateral resistance to a building or structure. They resist in-plane loads that are applied along its height. The applied load is generally transferred to the wall by a diaphragm or collector or drag member. The seismic motion that reaches a structure on the surface of the earth is influenced by local soil conditions. The subsurface soil layers underlying the building foundation may amplify the response of the building to earthquake motions originating in the bedrock. Three types soil are considered here:Hard soil ,Medium soil,soft soil.In this paper, a typical multi storey building is analyzed using software ETABS by dynamic (Response Spectrum) analysis. All the analyses has been carried out as per the Indian Standard code books. Analysis is done on thirty storey high and provided with box shape Shear Walls at the center under different type of soil. Seismic performance of building model is evaluated. This study is done on RC framed multistory building with RC shear walls with fixed support conditions In present work, thirty storey buildings for earthquake zone V in India. This paper aims to study the behaviour of reinforced concrete building by conducting dynamic analysis for most suited positions and location of shear wall under different type of soil . Estimation of structural response such as; storey displacements, storey moment ,storey shear, storey drift , Pier Forces, column forces is carried out. Dynamic responses under zone V earthquake as per IS 1893 (part 1) : 2002 have been carried out. In dynamic analysis; Response Spectrum method is used.

Keywords: Response Spectrum Method, Soft, Medium & Hard Soil, Box Shape Shear Wall, Structural Response, 

References: 

  1. Duggal, S.K., “Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures” Oxford University Press, New Delhi 2010
  2. Chopra, A.K., “Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Application to Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education, 4th edition, 2012.
  3. Bureau of Indian Standars, IS 456 : 2000, “Plain and Reinforced Concrete-Code of practice”, New Delhi, India.
  4. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS 13920 : 1993, “Ductile detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic forces— Code of Practice”, New Delhi, India.
  5. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS 875( part 1) : 1987, “Dead loads on buildings and Structures”, New Delhi, India.
  6. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS 875( part 2 ) : 1987, “Live loads on buildings and Structures”,New Delhi, India.
  7. Bureau of Indian Standards: IS 1893 (part 1) : 2002, “Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures: Part 1 General provisions and buildings”, New Delhi, India.
  8. Anand, N. , Mightraj, C. and Prince Arulraj, G. “Seismic behaviour of RCC shear wall under different soil conditions” Indian geotechnical conference, Dec – 2010, pp 119-120.
  9. Anshuman, S., Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani,“Solution of shear wall location in multistory building”, International journal of civil and structural engineering, Vol. 4, Issue 5, pp. 22-32 ,2011.
  10. Chandiwala, A., “Earthquake Analysis of Building Configuration withDifferent Position of Shear Wall”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2012
  11. Chandurkar, P.P., Dr. Pajgade, P.S., “Seismic analysis of RCC building with and without shear wall”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research. Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 1805-1810, 2013.
  12. Rahangdale, , Satone, S.R., “Design and analysis of multi-storied building with effect of shear wall”, International journal of engineering research and application", Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 223-232, 2013.

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10.

Authors:

Y. N. S. Mounika, J. Ayyappa, S. N. V. Bramareswara Rao

Paper Title:

Modeling And Design of Hybrid Control Strategy for Power Quality Improvement in Grid Connected Renewable Energy Source

Abstract: The demand for power is growing rapidly due to fast depletion of fossil Fuels. Under such conditions environment friendly and pollution free Renewable Energy Sources (RES) have emerged. In this paper a new control strategy for 3 phase 4 wire inverter is introduced for effective utilization of renewable energy source with grid. In the proposed control strategy load current ( i.e reduce harmonics), load voltage (i.e reduce harmonics) are compensated using Shunt Active Power Filter(SAPF). The Renewable Energy Source used in this paper is Wind of capacity 1.5MW. The main objective of this paper is nonlinear unbalanced load compensation for power quality improvement. All these works of the inverter is done either individually or combined to overcome the unbalanced effects of nonlinear loads at distribution level. This new hybrid control strategy is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink and compared the results at different times with existing methods.

Keywords: Renewable Energy Sources,Wind Energy, Active Power Filter, Nonlinear Loads, Power Quality.

References: 

  1. Roshan Haste, Power Quality Improvement in Grid Connected Renewable Energy Sources at Distribution Level, 2014 International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies [ICCPCT]
  2. Mukhtiar Singh, “Grid Interconnection of Renewable Energy Sources at the Distribution Level with Power-Quality Improvement Features”, IEEE transactions on power delivery, vol. 26, no. 1, January 2011.
  3. Roshan Haste, “Power Quality Improvement in Grid Connected Battery Storage Energy Source at Distribution Level”, ISSN 2231-1297, Volume 4, No 1, pp. 27-34, 2014.
  4. EI-Habrouk, M. K. Darwish and P. Mehta, " The Active power filters: A review" IEEE proceedings on Electric power applications, Vol 147, No.5,pp 403 - 413, September 2000
  5. Hingorani, “Introducing Custom Power” IEEE Spectrum, Vol.32, No.6, pp: 41-48, June, 1995.
  6. Afshin Lashkar Ara and Seyed Ali Nabavi Niaki, “Comparison of the Facts Equipment Operation in Transmission and Distribution Systems”, 17th International Conference on Electricity Distribution Barcelona, Session No.2, Paper No.44, pp:12-15 May 2003.
  7. R. Padiyar, “Facts Controllers in Power Transmission and Distribution”, New Age International Publishers, 2007.
  8. R. Ayodele, A.A. Jimoh, J.L Munda, J.T Agee,” Challenges of Grid Integration of Wind Power on Power System Grid Integrity: A Review” in International Journal of Renewable Energy Research T.R. Ayodele et al., Vol.2, No.4, 2012.
  9. Haroon Ashfaq, Surendra Kumar Tripathi,” Wind Energy Conversion System Integrated with Grid under Variable Speed Scenario”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Vol. 4, Issue 2, February 2015.
  10. Ilavarasi, C. Christober a. Rajan, “Power quality Improvement in Grid connected” Grid Connected Renewable Energy System with Power Quality Improvement using four leg VSI”, presented at IEEE conf. on Advances in engg, Science and Management, March, 2012.
  11. P. Pinto, R. Pregitzer, L. F. C. Monteiro, and J. L. Afonso, “3-phase 4-wire shunt active power filter with renewable energy interface,” presented at the Conf. IEEE Renewable Energy & Power Quality, Seville, Spain, 2007.
  12. D.Patidar, S.P.Singh, "Harmonic, Reactive and Neutral current compensation in 3P4W Distribution System" International Conference on Engineering and Technology ICCET'09, Vol 2, pp 403 - 415, Singapore 2009.
  13. Simhadri, K.R.Sree jothi A Hybrid Fuzzy Based DSTATCOM For power quality Improvement of Grid connected Wind Energy system, International journal & Magazine of Engineering, technology, Management and research IJMETMR ISSN NO:23-4845.

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11.

Authors:

K. Geetha Sai Sree, M. Sunilkumar, Ch. Prasanna Lakshmi

Paper Title:

Control of a Grid Connected Wind Energy Conversion System By using Sliding Mode Control (SMC)

Abstract: As the penetration of the wind energy is increased day by day in modern power systems all over the world, the Wind Farm Systems (WFS) are today required to participate actively in electric network operation by an appropriate generation control strategy. The paper deals with the extraction of maximum power using various techniques in permanent magnet wind energy conversion systems. The various techniques include PI control, SMC control and neural control to extract maximum power from the turbine. The d axis current is set to zero to reduce copper loss and the q axis current is varied to extract maximum power. Out of the two loops PI controllers are employed in current loop and the speed controller is varied according to the controller used. A sliding mode control strategy is used to regulate the output voltage and frequency of the grid. The active and reactive powers injected to the grid are controlled by controlling the d and q axis currents. Results are verified using Matlab/Simulink environment.

Keywords: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG), Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS), Estimated Speed, Optimum Speed, Sliding Mode Control (SMC), PI Control, Neural Control, PMSG Power With Various Controllers.

References: 

  1. WWEA, "World Wind Energy Report 2012," 2013.
  2. Belhadji, S. Bacha, and D. Roye, “Modelling and control of variable speed microhydropower plant based on axial-flow turbine and permanent magnet synchronous generator, IEEE Ind. Electron. Soc., Nov. 2011.
  3. Chan T. F, and Lai L. L, "Permanent-magnet machines for distributed generation: a review," Proc. IEEE power engineering annual meeting, 2007.
  4. Wang and L.-C. Chang, “An intelligent maximum power extraction algorithm for inverter-based variable speed wind turbine systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 19, no. 5, Sep. 2004.
  5. Datta and V. T. Ranganathan, “A method of tracking the peak power points for a variable speed wind energy conversion system,” in IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, no. 1. vol. 18, Mar. 1999.
  6. Quincy and C. Liuchen, “An intelligent maximum power extraction algorithm for inverter-based variable speed wind turbine systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 19, no. 5, Sep. 2004.
  7. Samanvorakij and P. Kumkratug “Modeling and Simulation PMSG based on Wind Energy Conversion System in MATLAB/SIMULINK” Proc. of the Second International Conf. on Advances in Electronics and Electrical Engineering —AEEE 2013.
  8. Weiliang Liu et.al “Simulation of PMSG wind turbine system with sensorless control strategy based on model reference adaptive system”.
  9. XIA et.al ”Wind turbine power coefficient analysis of new MPPT Technique”IEEE Transaction on industrial electronics, Vol. 60, No. 3, March 2013.
  10. Deepak Sahu “Maximum Power extraction for direct driven variable speed wind turbine using PMSG and fixed pitch angle” 2013International Conference on Control, Computing, Communication and Materials (ICCCCM).
  11. Emna Mahersi et.al “The wind energy conversion systems using PMSG controlled by vector and SMC control strategies” International journal of renewable energy research.s
  12. Youssef Errami et.al “A performance comparison of nonlinear and linear control of a grid connected PMSG wind energy system” Electrical power and energy systems 68 (2015).
  13. Valenciaga and P.F Puleston “High order sliding control for a wind energy conversion system based on a permanent magnet synchronous generator” IEEE transaction on energy conversion, Vol.23, No 3, September 2008.
  14. Jemaa Brahmi et.al “Sensor less control of PMSG in WECS using artificial neural networks”6th International Multi-conference on systems, signals and Devices 2009.
  15. Monica chinchilla et.al “Control of permanent-magnet generators applied to variable speed wind-energy systems connected to the grid” IEEE Transaction on energy conversion, Vol 21, No.1 March 2006.

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12.

Authors:

P. Sathvik, A. Srinivasa Reddy, B. Sambasiva Rao

Paper Title:

Simulation of Shunt Active Power Filter with Pi and Fuzzy Logic Controller

Abstract: In this paper the main objective is to improve the performance of shunt active power filter using PI controller and Fuzzy logic controller. Generally shunt active power filters are used to compensate load harmonic currents and reactive power which are produced by non-linear loads by using different controllers. In PI controllers the complexity is more because it requires mathematical model whereas, Fuzzy logic controller does not require a mathematical model it is based on linguistic variables. Hence, this paper proposed control approach and analysed by simulations.

Keywords: Shunt Active Power Filter, PI Controller, Fuzzy Logic Controller, Hysteresis Controller, Total Harmonic Distortion.

References: 

  1. Shin-Kuan Chen, Gary W. Chang “ A New Instantaneous Power Theory-Based Three-Phase Active Power Filter”. 0-7803-5935-6/00$10.00 (c) 2000 IEEE.
  2. Dayi Li, Jun Tian, “ A Novel Active Power Filter for the Voltage-Source Type Harmonic Source”.
  3. Dawei Gao, “ Design and Performance of an Active Power Filter for Unbalanced loads”, 0-7603-7459-2/02/$17.00 © 2002 IEEE.
  4. Izhar, C.M.Hadzer, Syafrudin.M, S.Taib and S.Idris, “ Performance for Passive and Active Power Filter in Reducing Harmonics in the Distribution System”. National Power & Energy Conference 2004 Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  5. Singh, V. Verma, A. Chandra and K. Al-Haddad, “ Hybrid filters for power quality improvement”. IEE Proc-Gener. Transm. Distrib., Vol. 152, No. 3, May 2005.
  6. Luis A. Moran, Juan W. Dixon, Rogel R. Wallace, “ A Three-Phase Active Power Filter Operating with Fixed Switching Frequency for Reactive Power and Current Harmonic Compensation”. IEEE Transactions on industrial electronics Vol. 42, No. 4, August 1995.
  7. K.Jain, P. Agarwal and H.O. Gupta, “ Fuzzy logic controlled shunt active power filter for power quality improvement”. IEE Proc-Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 149, No. 5, September 2002
  8. Shilpy Agrawal, Vijay Bhuria, “ Shunt Active Power Filter for Harmonic Mitigation by using Fuzzy Logic Controller”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology Volume 2, Issue 6, June 2013
  9. Yasuhiro Komatsu, Takao Kawabata, “ Characteristic of Three Phase Active Power Filter using Extension pq Theory”. IEEE Catalog Number: 97TH8280.
  10. Fang-Zhang Peng, Hirofumi Akagi, Akira Nabae, “ A Study of Active Power Filters Using Quad – Series Voltage-Source PWM converters for Harmonic Compensation”. 0885-8993/90/0100-0009$01.00 © 1990 IEEE.
  11. F. Abdel Gawad, Mohammed. A. FaraHat, Ahmed. S. A. Helmy, “ Shunt Active Power Filter Simulation Based on Fuzzy Logic Controller and Genetic Algorithm”.
  12. S.C. Raviraj and P.C. Sen, “ Comparative Study of Proportional- Integral, Sliding Mode, and Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Power Converters". IEEE Transactions on industry applications, Vol 33, No 2 March/April 1997.
  13. Chuen Chien Lee, “ Fuzzy Logic in Control Systems: Fuzzy Logic Controller- Part I”. IEEE Transactions on systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol.20, No.2, March/April 1990.
  14. Hamza Bentria, “A Shunt Active Power Filter Controlled by Fuzzy Logic controller for current harmonic compensation and power factor improvement”. JATIT 15th October 2011, Vol. 32 No.1

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13.

Authors:

Basawaraj S. Hasu, S. Mohan Kumar, Chiranjeevi V.

Paper Title:

Experimental Investigation for Optimum Process Parameters in Wire Cut EDM Process using Taguchi Method

Abstract: The intention of the prevailing is to investigate the results of the numerous Wire lessen EDM machine parameters on the surface high-quality, most material elimination and achieve the most useful technique parameters , so the superiority and MRR of machined parts may be optimized. Experiments are accomplished on the Aluminum alloy 7075 portions by using various parameters. The system parameters several and their respective values are Pulse Time on - 102μsec, 105 μsec, 114 μsec & Pulse Time off – 50 μsec, 53 μsec, 55 μsec & Input Current - 0.5Amp, 1.1Amp, and 1.8Amp. Other parameters are saved constantly along with Wire Dia – 0.25mm, Wire feed – 8.4mm/mi, Servo Voltage – 20V, Coolant is Distilled water, Wire Tension – 7Kgf. The optimization is finished by way of the usage of Taguchi method considering L9 orthogonal array. Optimization is done in Minitab software program.  

Keywords:  EDM, MRR, 7075 Portions, 102μsec, 114 μsec, Wire Tension – 7Kgf.

References: 

  1. Evaluation of Optimal Parameters for machining with Wire reduce EDM Using Grey-Taguchi Method by means of S V Subrahmanyam, M. M. M. Sarcar
  2. Performance Analysis of Wire Electric Discharge Machining (W-EDM) by means of manner of Atul Kumar, DR.D.K.Singh
  3. Analysis of Process Parameters in Wire EDM with Stainless Steel Using Single Objective Taguchi Method and Multi Objective Grey Relational Grade via M. Durairaja, D. Sudharsunb, Swamynathan
  4. Optimization of technique parameters of micro cord EDM via Ricky Agarwal
  5. A Study to Achieve a Fine Surface Finish in Wire-EDM with the aid of the use of T. Huang, Y.S. Liao and Y.H. Chen
  6. Rajurkar K.P., Scott D, Boyina S., Analysis and Optimization of Parameter Combination in Wire Electrical Discharge Machining, International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 29, No. Eleven, 1991, PP 2189- 2207.
  7. S. Tarng., Ma S.C., Chung L.K., Determination of Optimal Cutting Parameters in Wire Electrical Discharge Machining, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 35, No. 12, 1995, PP. 1693-1701.
  8. J.Prohaszka, A.G. Mamalis and N.M.Vaxevanidis, The effect of electrode material on machinability in cord electro-discharge machining, Journal of Materials Processing technology, sixty nine, 1997, PP 233-237.
  9. (A) Y.S. Liao, Y.Y. Chu and M.T. Yan, Study of twine breaking method and monitoring of WEDM, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture, 37 (1997) pp. 555-567. (B) Y.S Liao , J.T.Huang, A look at on the machining parameter optimization of WEDM, Journal Fof Material Processing Technology, seventy one(1997) pp. 487-493.
  10. Jose Marafona, Catherine Wykes., A new method of optimizing MRR using EDM with Copper–tungsten electrodes. International magi of Machine gear and production. Vol. Forty, 22 June 1999, PP 153-164.

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14.

Authors:

Diouba Sacko, Alpha Amadou Kéïta

Paper Title:

Techniques of Modulation: Pulse Amplitude Modulation, Pulse Width Modulation, Pulse Position Modulation

Abstract: The modulation technique aims at adapting the frequency band of the informative signal to that of the transmission channel. This avoids a great attenuation of certain frequencies on the transmission channel and also reduces the effects of the noise. In addition, the modulation technique, which requires a transposition of the low frequencies towards the high frequencies, is used during the transmission of the informative signal (or useful signal) on long distances: the narrow band transmission. There are several types of modulation according to the nature of the informative signal (analogical or digital) and that of carrier signal (analogical or digital). In fact, the type of modulation to choose depends of practical application. In the transmission in baseband, i.e. on short distances, any frequency transposition is needed. This type of transmission utilizes copper wire, coaxial cable, the twisted pair or optical fiber as physical support; to transport pulse trains. In this article, we consider the narrow band transmission. We choose an informative signal of low frequency analogical nature (for example the human voice) and a carrier signal of high frequency digital nature (for example the clock signal). For frequency transposition, we use modulator with adapted sensitivity. Indeed, we simulate signals modulated in amplitude (PAM, Pulse Amplitude Modulation), in width (PWM, Pulse Width Modulation) and in position (PPM, Pulse Position Modulation). On an illustrative basis, we simulated the case of an audio informative signal. We analyze obtained results from simulation and recall advantages, disadvantages and applicability of each type of modulation. The modulation software used is ISIS from proteus. Let us mention that obtained results from simulation are little different from those of the real world and that because of the performance of the utilized software and other environmental parameters. PAM, PWM and PPM modulations are particularly employed for the analogical transmissions of the signals on optical fibers, in remote control IRE or telemetry. 

Keywords: Modulation, PAM, PWM, PPM, Simulation

References: 

  1. Anas HANAF « Etude et conception d’un Emetteur / Récepteur UWB-IR »  Ingénieur Réseaux et   Télécommunications, 2008.
  2. MAURY « Étude et caractérisation d'une fibre  optique amplificatrice et compensatrice de dispersion  chromatique » (Thèse), Université de Limoges, 2003.
  3. Ch BISSIERES « Optoélectronique industrielle: Conception et applications Electronique», Paris,  Dunod 2010.
  4. De DIEULEVEULT « Electronique appliquée aux hautes fréquences » Ed Dunod, Paris, 1999.
  5. COUTURIER « Cours d'IUT GEII Bordeaux I » 2007.
  6. TAQUIN « Cours de Transmission Numérique du module SRM (Signaux Rapides et Micro-ondes) de la Maîtrise EEA d'Orsay » 2008.
  7. G. FONTOLLIET: « Systèmes de télécommunication », Cours de l'Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, édition Presses Polytechniques et  Universitaires Romandes 2009.
  8. Paul H. YOUNG « Electronic Communication Techniques » 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1999.
  9. Wayne TOMASI « Electronic Communications   
  10. Systems, Fundamentals Through Advanced » 4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001
  11. Robert DUBOIS : Structure et applications   des   émetteurs  et  des  récepteurs,  Presses   polytechniques et universitaires romandes
  12. http://genelaix.free.fr/telech/APPROCHE CONCRETEDES TELECOMMUNICATIONS.pdf Mars 2014
  13. http://www.electronicshub.org/modulation-and-different-types-of-modulation/; Mars 2014
  14. http://www.Pulse Modulation and Sampling (PAM/PWM/PPM) - Lab Volt. Juin 2014
  15. http://www.techno-science.net/ Mai 2014
  16. http://www.syscope.net/elec/ : Pinson - Physique Appliquée ; Juin 2014 http://www.sportnat.com/acil/histoire.html; Avril 2014

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15.

Authors:

D. Tulasi Phani Swami, T. Kranti Kiran

Paper Title:

Effective Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources To Generate and Control Power in Ac Isolated Micro Grid

Abstract: This paper presents new technology to regulate the power from energy resources existing on our requirements in micro grid (or) load balances. Power control by using battery banks in existing power electronic converter is employed to form AC grid GFC (grid former converter), associate energy source supported to a wind turbine and solar energy. To generate the power with its respective power electronics converter GSC (grid supplier converter) and therefore utilizes by power consumers. The main objective of this proposed strategy is to generate the power from wind turbine (WT), photovoltaic (PV) generation and to regulate the power distributed through battery banks by keeping the ESS from over charge (or) over discharge conditions through regulating the voltage terminals by controlling the power generated by wind and solar. This is done without using dump loads or any physical communication among the power electronic converters or the individual energy source controllers. The electrical frequency of the micro grid is used to inform the power sources and their respective converters about the amount of power that they need to generate in order to maintain the battery-bank charging voltage below or equal its maximum allowable limit. The primary merit for proposal method is to make the generated power at normal cost for military purpose and development progress.

Keywords: Battery Banks, Power Electronics Converters, Controllers, Renewable Energy Sources (RES'S), State of Charge (SOC).

References: 

  1. A. de S. Ribeiro, O. R. Saavedra, S. L. de Lima, and J. G. de Matos, “Isolated micro-grid with renewable hybrid generation: The case of Lençóis island,” IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan. 2011.
  2. A. de S. Ribeiro, O. R. Saavedra, S. L. de Lima, and J. G. de Matos, “Making isolated renewable energy systems more reliable,” Renew. Energy, vol. 45, pp. 221–231, Sep. 2012.
  3. G. de Matos, L. A. de S. Ribeiro, and E. C. Gomes, “Power control in AC autonomous and isolated microgrids with renewable energy sources and energy storage systems,” in Proc. IEEE IECON, 2013, pp. 1827–1832.
  4. Mendis, K. M. Muttaqi, S. Pereira, and M. N. Uddin, “A novel control strategy for stand-alone operation of a wind dominated RAPS system,” in Proc. IEEE IAS Annu. Meeting, 2011, pp. 1–8.
  5. Chen, J. Cheng, C. Gong, and X. Deng, “Energy management and power control for a stand-alone wind energy conversion system,” in Proc. IEEE IECON, 2012, pp. 989–994.
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  8. Jin, P. Wang, J. Xiao, Y. Tang, and F. H. Choo, “Implementation of hierarchical control in dc microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 8, pp. 4032–4042, Feb. 2014.
  9. Lu, K. Sun, J. M. Guerrero, J. C. Vasquez, and L. Huang, “State-ofcharge balance using adaptive droop control for distributed energy storage systems in dc microgrid applications,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 2804–2815, Jun. 2014.
  10. A. Abusara, J. M. Guerrero, and S. M. Sharkh, “Line-interactive UPS for microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1292–1300, Mar. 2014.
  11. M. Guerrero, P. X. Loh, T.-L. Lee, and M. Chandorkar, “Advanced control architectures for intelligent microgrids–Part II: Power quality, energy storage, ac/dc microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 1263–1270, Apr. 2013.
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16.

Authors:

Sharmishtha Chakraborty, Utpal Bhattacharjee

Paper Title:

Review of Jets in a Cross Flow-Experimental and Numerical Approach

Abstract: A literature review was performed on experimental and numerical studies of open channel and open channel with cross flow. Open channel flow was studied because it was used to obtain the flow behaviour without any impingement. Open channel with a jet flow was studied to see the mixing behaviour of fluids in a cross flow situation. In addition, it has been used to validate the numerical model with experimental data. Both turbulent and laminar jets in cross flow were studied so that basic insight into such structures can be gained and by that, correlation of jet trajectories can be understood in both the cases. Finally, in this section some basics of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and earlier work of the transverse jet by the CFD analysis have been discussed. This can provide insight on the modelling procedures and techniques to obtain accurate results.

Keywords: Open Channel, Cross Flow, Jet Trajectories, Transverse Jet, CFD.

References: 

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17.

Authors:

Subrateshvar Kumar Dwivedi, Prabhat Patel

Paper Title:

PAPR Reduction in O-OFDM using Non-Linear Companding Scheme

Abstract: Visible light communication is hot and novel area of research in indoor wireless applications. In VLC, information is transmitted using LEDs; therefore uni-polar signals are used. OFDM technology is used in wireless communication very efficiently for data transfer, however, in VLC OFDM cannot be directly applied, due to uni-polar nature. The VLC counterpart of OFDM is known as O-OFDM where only positive part of time domain signal is transmitted. However, O-OFDM also suffers from PAPR. This paper discusses PAPR reduction technique based on non-linear companding scheme, along with clipping schemes. 

Keywords: VLC, OFDM, and PAPR.

References: 

  1. Arnon, Shlomi, ed. Visible light communication. Cambridge University Press, 2015.
  2. Haas, Harald. "Visible light communication." In Optical Fiber Communication Conference, pp. Tu2G-5. Optical Society of America, 2015.
  3. Komine, Toshihiko, and Masao Nakagawa. "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights." IEEE transactions on Consumer Electronics 50, no. 1 (2004): 100-107.
  4. Afgani, Mostafa Z., Harald Haas, Hany Elgala, and Dietmar Knipp. "Visible light communication using OFDM." In Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities, 2006. TRIDENTCOM 2006. 2nd International Conference on, pp. 6-pp. IEEE, 2006.
  5. Gangwar, Arun, and Manushree Bhardwaj. "An overview: Peak to average power ratio in OFDM system & its effect." International Journal of Communication and Computer Technologies 1, no. 2 (2012): 22-25.
  6. Aziz, W., E. Ahmed, G. Abbas, S. Saleem, and Q. Islam. "PAPR Reduction in OFDM using Clipping and Filtering." World Applied Sciences Journal 18, no. 11 (2012): 1495-1500.
  7. Guel, Désiré, and Jacques Palicot. "Analysis and comparison of clipping techniques for OFDM peak-to-average power ratio reduction." In Digital Signal Processing, 2009 16th International Conference on, pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2009.
  8. Kim, Jaewoon, and Yoan Shin. "An effective clipped companding scheme for PAPR reduction of OFDM signals." In Communications, 2008. ICC'08. IEEE International Conference on, pp. 668-672. IEEE, 2008.
  9. Hsu, Chau-Yun, and Hsuan-Chun Liao. "PAPR reduction using the combination of precoding and mu-law companding techniques for OFDM systems." In Signal Processing (ICSP), 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on, vol. 1, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2012.
  10. Aburakhia, Sulaiman A., Ehab F. Badran, and Darwish AE Mohamed. "Linear companding transform for the reduction of peak-to-average power ratio of OFDM signals." IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting 55, no. 1 (2009): 155-160.

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18.

Authors:

Brajendra Kumar Ahirwar, Prabhat Patel

Paper Title:

Multiple Input Multiple Output Visible Light Communication

Abstract: Various transmitters (i.e, LEDs) and receivers (i.e., photo-detectors) are utilized in MIMO systems to enhance the rates of data that fulfil or goes beyond the present IR LAN along with the offering remarkably upgraded security and simplicity of deployment [3-5]. This technique provides extended link range and greater data throughput without the requirement for extra bandwidth or power, by the way of greater spectral efficiency (more bits/s/Hz) and a link reliability and/or diversity. Therefore, we can say that it plays a vital role in wireless communications. In this paper, performance of LED arrays in uniform illumination of light inside the room and associated BER is detailed. Finally, performance of MIMO system is evaluated and BER performance has been evaluated. 

Keywords: (i.e, LEDs), MIMO, BER performance, LED, IR LAN, 

References: 

  1. Infrared Data Association, Serial Infrared Physical Layer Link Specification, Version 1.1, October 1995.
  2. Fritz R. Gfeller and Urs Bapst, "Wireless In-House Data Communication via Diffuse Infrared Radiation", Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 67, No. 11, November 1979.
  3. Joseph M. Kahn et al., "Non-Directed Infrared Links for High-Capacity Wireless LANs", IEEE Personal Comm., Second Quarter 1994.
  4. Adriano J. C. Moreira, Rui T. Valadas, A. M. de Oliveira Duarte, “Modulation/Encoding Techniques for Wireless Infrared Transmission”, Submission to the IEEE 802.11 Standardisation Project, May 1993.
  5. Chris J. Georgopoulos and Lampros K. Prentzas, "Signal Power Requirements in Indoor Directive and Diffuse Infrared Communication Channels", Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1992.
  6. O'Brien, D. C., Zeng, L., Le-Minh, H., Faulkner, G., Walewski, J. W., & Randel, S. (2008, September). Visible light communications: Challenges and possibilities. In Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2008. PIMRC 2008. IEEE 19th International Symposium on (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
  7. Zeng, L., O'Brien, D. C., Le Minh, H., Faulkner, G. E., Lee, K., Jung, D., and Won, E. T. (2009). High data rate multiple input multiple output (MIMO) optical wireless communications using white LED lighting. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 27(9).
  8. Ghosh, Amitava, Timothy A. Thomas, Mark C. Cudak, Rapeepat Ratasuk, Prakash Moorut, Frederick W. Vook, Theodore S. Rappaport, George R. MacCartney, Shu Sun, and Shuai Nie. "Millimeter-wave enhanced local area systems: A high-data-rate approach for future wireless networks." IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 32, no. 6 (2014): 1152-1163.

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19.

Authors:

Ramesh Kumar A, Jayabal S, Ramkumar P, Daniel Lawrence I

Paper Title:

Investigation of Indoor Air Quality Characteristics in Automotive Compartments

Abstract: Indoor air quality is an indicator level of human comfort confined with thermal conditions. This study mainly focuses on to predict the indoor air quality in inside car cabin at the time of traffic. Three different car has been used were SUV, sedan and hatchback types, mainly chosen is to differentiate the vehicle inside space diversely. To measure PM 2.5, PM 10, CO2, temperature and RH were recorded by using IAQ monitor with Data Acquisition (DAQ). At the time of measurement, four different cases are concern is window open (WO), window half open (WHO), window close (WC) and air conditioning with window close (ACWC). SUV achieved a better low temperature of 30ºC in ACWC and hatchback has a more temperature of 42.8ºC in WC due to vehicle space difference and severe concentrations of CO2 and particulate matter. RH are increased by the way of temperature get increased in indoor cabin. Hatchback indoor cabin rapidly generate CO2 emission, because indoor spaces is congested compared to other two cars. Windows and indoor spaces more in SUV, so outdoor pollutant easily get exposure to indoor pollutant while in the cases of window open (WO) and window half open (WHO).

Keywords: Automotive, Car Cabin, IAQ, Pollutant. 

References: 

  1. Bin Xu, Xiaokai Chen, and Jianyin Xiong, “Air quality inside motor vehicles’ cabins: A review”, Indoor and Built Environment., Oct. 2016, pp. 1-14.
  2. Joanna Faber, and Krzysztof Brodzik, “Air quality inside passenger cars”, AIMS Environmental Science., vol. 4(1), Feb. 2017, pp. 112-133.
  3. Anna Barbara Janicka, Marek Reksa, and Agnieszka Sobianowska Turek, “The impact of car vehicle class on volatile organic compounds (voc’s) concentration in microatmosphere of car cabin”, Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport., vol. 17, 2010, pp. 207-212.
  4. Joanna Faber, Krzysztof Brodzik, Anna Gołda-Kopek, Damian Lomankiewicz, Jan Nowak and Antoni Swiatek, “Comparison of Air Pollution by VOCs Inside the Cabins of New Vehicles”, Environment and Natural Resources Research., vol. 4, Jun 2014, pp. 155-165
  5. Anna Golda-Kopek, Joanna Faber, Damian Lomankiewicz, and Krzysztof Brodzik, “Investigation of volatile organic compounds in the cabin air of new cars”, Internal combustion engines, vol. R 51 (2), 2012, pp. 39-48
  6. D. Knibbs, R. J. de Dear, and S. E. Atkinson, “Field study of air change and flow rate in six automobiles”, Indoor Air, vol. 19, 2009, pp. 303–313.
  7. Ozgun Korukcu, and Muhsin Kilic, “Transient effects of heater on CO2 emissions in an automobile”, Scientific research and essays, vol. 6(31), Dec 2011, pp. 6465-6474.
  8. Kilic, and S. M. Akyol, “Experimental investigation of thermal comfort and air quality in an automobile cabin during the cooling period”, Heat Mass Transfer, vol. 48, Feb 2012, pp. 375–1384.
  9. Joanna Faber, Krzysztof Brodzik, Anna Golda-Kopek, and Damian Lomankiewicz, “Air Pollution in new vehicles as a result of VOC emissions from interior materials”, Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 22, 2013, pp. 1701-1709.
  10. Jan Pokorny, Jan Fiser, and Miroslav Jicha, “Virtual Testing Stand for evaluation of car cabin indoor environment”, Advances in engineering software, vol. 76, Jun 2014, pp. 48–55.
  11. Daniel Muller, Doris Klingelhofer, Stefanie Uibel and David A Groneberg, “Car indoor air pollution - analysis of potential sources”, Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Dec 2011, pp. 1-7
  12. Abi-Esber, and M. El-Fadel, “Indoor to outdoor air quality associations with self-pollution implications inside passenger car cabins”, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 81, Dec 2013, pp. 450-463
  13. Yulong Yan, Qing He, Qi Song, Lili Guo, Qiusheng He, and Xinming Wang, “Exposure to hazardous air pollutants in underground car parks in Guangzhou, China”, Air quality, Atmosphere and health, vol. 10, Jun 2017, pp. 555–563.
  14. J. Mendell, and G. A. Heath, “Do indoor pollutants and thermal conditions in schools influence student performance? A critical review of the literature”, Indoor Air, vol. 15, Feb 2005, pp. 27–52.
  15. You Ke-wei, Ge Yun-shan, Hu Bin, Ning Zhan-wu, Zhao Shou-tang, Zhang Yan-ni, and Xie Peng, “Measurement of in-vehicle volatile organic compounds under static conditions”, Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 19, 2007, pp. 1208–1213.
  16. Thirumal, K. S. Amirthagadeswaran and S. Jayabal, “Optimization of IAQ characteristics of an air-conditioned car using GRA and RSM”, Journal of mechanical science and technology, vol. 28 (5), May 2014, pp. 1899-1907.
  17. Andy T. Chan, and Michael W. Chung, “Indoor–outdoor air quality relationships in vehicle: effect of driving environment and ventilation modes”, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 37, Sep 2003, pp. 3795–3808.

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20.

Authors:

M. Sghiar

Paper Title:

The Mertens Function and The Proof of The Riemann's Hypothesis

Abstract: I will prove that Μ(n)=O(n1/2+∈) where M is the Mertens function, and I deduce a new proof of the Riemann's hypothesis.

Keywords: Prime Number, Number Theory, Distribution of Prime Numbers, The Law of Prime Numbers, The Riemann Hypothesis, The Riemann Zeta Function, The Mertens Function.

References: 

  1. Odlyzko et H. J. J. te Riele, « Disproof of the Mertens conjecture», reine angew. Math., 357,‎  138-160.
  2. L. Montgomery – The pair correlation of zeros of the zeta function, Proc. of Symposia in Pure Math., vol. 24, American Mathematical Society, 1973, p. 181–193.
  3. Kotnik et J. van de Lune, « On the order of the Mertens function», Experimental Mathematics,  13,‎ 2004),  473-481.
  4. Kotnik et Herman te Riele, «he Mertens Conjecture Revisited», dans Proceedings of the 7th Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium, «Lecture Notes in Computer Science » (o4076), 156-167.
  5. Sghiar, (Décembre 2015), Des applications génératrices des nombres premiers et cinq preuves de l’hypothèse de Riemann, Pioneer Journal of Algebra, Number Theory and its Applications, Volume 10, Numbers 1-2, 2015, Pages 1-31.
  6. Sghiar, (Livre) Cinq preuves de l’Hypothèse de Riemann, Éditions Universitaires Européennes, ISBN-13 :978-3-639-54549-4.
  7. Sghiar "Découverte de la loi cachée pour les nombres premiers." IOSR Journal of Mathematics (IOSR-JM) 13.4 (2017): 48-50.

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21.

Authors:

B. Triveni, P. Bhargavi, S. Jyothi

Paper Title:

A Survey on Big Data Techniques in Medical Field

Abstract: Big data analytics is rapidly expanding in various fields and it has started to play a crucial role in Medical field. It is providing various tools to store, manage, analyze, and assimilate massive data sets of disparate, structured, and unstructured data produced by current Medical systems. Big data in medical field can build better health profiles and predict outbreaks of epidemics, Clinical decision support for patients with accurate diagnosis and can build novel treatment for diseases .This paper provides Big Data concepts and its characteristics used in Medical field. This paper also reviews the analysis of Big Data Analytics in Medical Field.

Keywords: Medical field, Diagnosis, Clinical decision support, Big Data Concepts, Big Data Analytics.

References: 

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  19. Priyanka K B.V.B.C.ET Hubli, Prof Nagarathna Kulennavar B.V.B C.E.T Hubli.A Survey On Big Data Analytics In Health Care, Priyanka Ketal, / (IJCSIT) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 5 (4) , 2014, 5865-586.
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  34. Shouman, M.; Turner, T.; Stocker, R., "Using data mining techniques in heart disease diagnosis and treatment," Electronics ,Communications and Computers (JEC-ECC), 2012 Japan-EgyptConference on , vol., no., pp.173,177, 6-9 March 2012
  35. Ba-Alwi, F.M. and Hintaya, H.M. (2013) Comparative Study for Analysis the Prognostic in Hepatitis Data: Data Mining Approach. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 4, 680-685. 
  36. Fatima, M. and Pasha, M. (2017) Survey of Machine Learning Algorithms for Disease Diagnostic. Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications, 9, 1-16. 
  37. Manjusha, K. K., K. Sankaranarayanan, and P. Seena. "Data Mining in Dermatological Diagnosis: A Method for Severity Prediction." International Journal of Computer Applications11 (2015).
  38. Tarmizi, N.D.A., Jamaluddin, F., Abu Bakar, A., Othman, Z.A., Zainudin, S. and Hamdan, A.R. (2013) Malaysia Dengue Outbreak Detection Using Data Mining Models. Journal of Next Generation Information Technology (JNIT), 4, 96-107.
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  40. P and N. Jaisankar Jul 2013, Comprehensive Study of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Data Mining and Soft Computing Techniques, International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), ISSN : 0975-4024 Vol 5 No 3 Jun-Jul 2013, Pp : 2947-2958
  41. Dragan Simic, Svetlana Simic, and Ilija Tanackov (2011), An Approach of Soft Computing Applications in Clinical Neurology E. Corchado, M. Kurzynski, M. Wozniak (Eds.): HAIS 2011,Part II, LNAI 6679, Pp. 429–436, 2011. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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  43. Murad Alaqtash, Huiying Yu, Richard Brower, Amr Abdelgawad, Eric Spier and Thompson Sarkodie-Gyan (2010), Application of Wearable Miniature Non-invasive Sensory System in Human Locomotion Using Soft Computing Algorithm.
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  45. Purushottama, T. L., and C. Kishore. "DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY THROUGH SCREENING OF RETINAL IMAGES."
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  56. Anitha, R., and S. Jyothi. "A segmentation technique to detect the Alzheimer's disease using image processing." Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT), International Conference on. IEEE, 2016.
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  60. Weider D. Yu, Choudhury Pratiksha, Sawant Swati, Sreenath Akhil, Medarametla Sarath,“A Modeling Approach to Big Data Based Recommendation Engine in Modern Health Care Environment,” IEEE, 2015, pp. 75-86, DOI: 10.1109/COMPSAC.2015.335

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22.

Authors:

Tarek W. Hassan, Mohamed El-Tokhey, Tamer F. Fath-Allah, Ahmed E. Ragheb

Paper Title:

Assessment of Different Approaches of Dynamic/Static Datum Transformation in Egypt using Different Plate Motion Models

Abstract: In this work, one critical geodetic issue in Egypt is discussed. The dynamic nature of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) as a geodetic datum, while the Global Positioning System (GPS) network in Egypt is tied to a static datum (ITRF94 epoch 1996) is considered a very critical geodetic issue. Tying any derived ITRF coordinates to the Egyptian network cannot be directly applied due to the effect of the tectonic motion of the African plate, in addition to the datum definition change from one ITRF realization to another. The simplest solution for this problem is neglecting the effect of the datum definition change and using a Plate Motion Model (PMM) for the backward propagation of coordinates until the specified epoch of the static datum. However, the most opportune solution is applying the 14-parameter datum transformation. Assessment the quality of both solutions based on recent Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) observations will be presented in this study. In addition, a new set of 14 parameters is derived to describe the transformation process of the African plate in a better way. Four stations of the Egyptian network were used in the assessment by comparing the transformed coordinates to the known coordinates, tied to ITRF94 epoch 1996. Also, 5 different PMM(s) were used to assess the compatibility of the recent PMM(s) with the actual tectonic plate motion in Egypt. This study shows that using the derived parameters in the 14-parameter transformation model gives the best results among all approaches. In addition, using PMM: APKIM2005D or ITRF2008-PMM as the adopted PMM gave the best results, while using NNR-MORVEL56 and PB2002 gave the worst results. For the horizontal component differences, the 14-parameter transformation model with the derived parameters approach could reach to 1.3cm with Root Mean Square (RMS) 3.1cm in case of using APKIM2005D and 1cm with RMS 2.3cm in case of using ITRF2008-PMM. On the other hand, for the vertical component differences, they ranged from 0.8cm to 10.9cm with RMS 8.6cm. Generally, using the derived parameters in the 14-parameter transformation model adopting APKIM2005D or ITRF2008-PMM as the used PMM can be applied to any recently derived coordinates, tied to the latest ITRF realization, to tie them to the Egyptian static datum.

Keywords: Datum Transformation, Dynamic Datums, GNSS, ITRF, Plate Motion Models, Static Datums.

References: 

  1. Scott. Results of Final Adjustment of New National Geodetic Network, Geodetic Advisor for the Egyptian Survey Authority, 1997.
  2. Rabah, A. Shaker, and M. Farhan. Towards a semi-kinematic datum for Egypt. Positioning 2015 (6), 4960, 2015.
  3. Bruce R. Harvey. Transformation of 3D Co-ordinates. The Australian Surveyor, Vol. 33 No.2, June 1986.
  4. E. Deakin. A Note on the Bursa-Wolf and Molodensky-Badekas Transformations. School of Mathematical and Geospatial Sciences, RMIT University, 1-21, 2006.
  5. Tomás Soler and John Marshall. Rigorous transformation of variance- covariance matrices of GPS-derived coordinates and velocities. GPS Solutions 6:76-90. doi:10.1007/s10291-002-0019-1, 2002.
  6. Dietmar Müller and Maria Seton. Plate Motion. Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences, Springer: Netherlands, 2014.
  7. Stanaway and C. Roberts. A simplified parameter transformation model from ITRF2005 to any static geocentric datum (e.g. GDA94). In: Proceedings from International Global Navigation Satellite Systems Society IGNSS Symposium 2009, 13 December, Surfers Paradise, Qld, Australia, 2009.
  8. Bird. An updated digital model of plate boundaries. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 4(3), 1027, doi:10.1029/2001GC000252, 2003.
  9. Drewes. The Actual Plate Kinematic and Crustal Deformation Model APKIM2005 as Basis for a Non-Rotating ITRF. International Association of Geodesy Symposia 134, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642- 00860- 3_15, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2009.
  10. Altamimi, L. Métivier, and X. Collilieux. ITRF2008 plate motion model. J. Geophys. Res., 117, B07402, doi:10.1029/2011JB008930, 2012.
  11. D. F. Argus, R. G. Gordon, and C. DeMets. Geologically current motion of 56 plates relative to the no-net-rotation reference frame. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 12, Q11001, doi:10.1029/ 2011GC003751, 2011.

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23.

Authors:

V. B. Chandra Lekha, A. Surya Prakasa Rao

Paper Title:

Multiobjective Transmission Pricing Using MW-MLE Method

Abstract: With regards to focused power markets, transmission settled expenses ought to be reasonably allotted to transmission clients. A sensible assignment technique could prompt effective uses of existing transmission offices and in the meantime, give financial signs to controlling future era arranging and load sitting. The proposed technique considers the active power flow in the network and power factor with loss cost and it is the first pricing strategy to consider the real network conditions and power flow in the network. MW mile method is a simple method useful to cover the total transmission system cost among all network users. The main objective of this paper is to provide cost economically to the customers by considering not only the active power flow but also the power factor with loss cost. The paper proposes the multi objective MW-Mile method which gives solution to transmission pricing with power factor and loss cost. The proposed technique is tested on IEEE-24 Bus system and it is simulated using MATLAB software.

Keywords: Cost Allocation on Transmission, Mw Method, Mw Power Factor, Loss Calculation.

References: 

  1. Market operations in electric power systems, for casting, scheduling, and risk management by Mohammad shahid eh pour Hmit Yamin zuyi li
  2. A Comprehensive Transmission Cost Allocation by Composite MW-mile & Composite MVA-mile Methods with Efficient ARR Babasaheb Kharbas, Manoj Fozdar, Harpal Tiwari
  3. Cost Allocation of Transmission Line using a New Approach of MW Mile Method Monica Andukury1* and K.Sarada2
  4. Shirmohammadi, C. Rajagopalan, R. Eugene, A.Chifong, and L.Thomas, “Cost of transmission transactions: an introduction,” IEEE, Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 6 no. 4, pp.1546-1560, November 1991.
  5. Shirmohammadi, X. V. Filho, B. Gorenstein and M.V.P. Pereira, “Some fundamental technical concepts about cost based transmission pricing,” IEEE Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 11 no. 2, pp.1002-1008, May 1996. J. W. Marangon Lima, “Allocation of transmission fixed charges: an overview,” IEEE Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 11 no. 3, pp.1409-1418, August 1996.
  6. M. Park, J. B. Park, J. U. Lim, and J. R. Won, "An analytical approach for transaction costs allocation in the transmission system," IEEE Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 13 no. 4, pp. 1407-1412, November 1998.
  7. Pan, Y. Teklu, S. Rahman, and K. Jun, “Review of usage-based transmission cost allocation methods under open access,” IEEE Trans. on Power Syst., vol. 15 no. 4, pp.1218-1224, November 2000.
  8. Bialek J. Allocation of transmission supplementary charge to real and reactive loads.IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. 1998 Aug; 13(3):749–54. Bialek J. Allocation of transmission supplementary charge to real and reactive loads.IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. 1998 Aug; 13(3):749–54.
  9. Wheeling Charge Under a Deregulated Environment Wei-Jen Lee, Senior Member, IEEE, C. H. Lin, Member, IEEE, and Larry D. Swift, Member, IEEE.

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24.

Authors:

Rohaya Alias, Anuar Kasa, Siti Jahara Matlan

Paper Title:

Comparison of ANN and ANFIS Models for Stability Prediction of Cantilever Reinforced Concrete Retaining Walls

Abstract: Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) models are used to predict the external stability of cantilever reinforced concrete (RC) retaining walls. A total of 235 different designs of cantilever RC retaining walls using procedure of BS: 8110 were used. Three input parameters were used namely; height of wall, angle of slope, and surcharge, while the output parameters consist of the external stability namely: factors of safety (FOS) for sliding, overturning and bearing capacity. The output data generated through design is used as a target for both models. Two criteria involving the determination coefficient (R2) and root mean square error (RMSE) were used to evaluate the accuracy of prediction models. The results showed that prediction made using ANFIS more accurate compared with ANN. 

Keywords: Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS), Artificial neural network (ANN), Retaining wall, Stability.

References: 

  1. A. Shahin, M.B. Jaksa and H.R. Maier, Australian Geomechanics. Vol. 36, 2001, pp. 49-62.
  2. Mehra and B.W. Wah, Artificial Neural Networks: Concepts and Theory, Computer Society Press., California, 1992.
  3. P. Lippman, IEEE ASSP Magazine, 1987, pp. 4-22.
  4. Y.W. Ho, B. Shapiro, M. Phillips, A. Cooper and A.J. Drummond, Syst. Biol. Vol. 56, 2007, pp. 515–522.
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  7. Mohamed, A. Kasa and M. Mukhlisin, Journal of Science and Technology. Vol. 2, 2012, pp. 68-73.
  8. S.R. Jang, C.T. Sun and E. Mizutani, Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing: A Computational Approach to Learning and Machine Intelligence, Prentice-Hall, USA, 1997.
  9. Md. Azamathulla, C.K. Chang, A.Ab. Ghani, J. Ariffin, N.A. Zakaria and Z. Abu Hasan, Journal of Hydro-environment Research. Vol. 3, 2009, pp. 35-44.
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  11. Gencel, International Journal of Physical Sciences. Vol. 4, 2009, pp. 743-751.
  12. R.M. Al-Janabi, Laboratory Leaching Modelling in Gypseous Soils Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN). PhD. Thesis, Building and Construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq, 2006.
  13. P. Kanungo, M.K. Arora, S. Sarkar and R.P. Gupta, Engineering Geology. Vol. 85, 2006, pp. 347–366.
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  16. M. Bishop, Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition, Oxford Univ. Press, London, 1995.
  17. M. Wilamowski, S. Iplikci, O. Kaynak and M.O. Efe, Neural Network. Vol. 3, 2001, pp. 1778–1782.
  18. H. Do and, J. Chen, WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications. Vol. 10, 2013, pp. 396-405.

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25.

Authors:

Amit Kumar Chouksey, Mayank Namdev

Paper Title:

An Analysis of User Behavior using Closed Set of Agglomerative Approach with GRC Constraints

Abstract: In the current scenario every Organization need to understand their customers' behavior, preferences and future needs which depend upon past behavior. Web Usage Mining is an active research area in which customers session clustering is done to find out the customer’s activities. It investigates the problem of mining frequent pattern and especially focuses on reducing the number of rules using closed pattern technique. It also reduce scans the size of the database using Agglomerative clustering technique using partial database scan. It is perform by Profile based Closed Sequential Pattern Mining with Agglomerative Clustering. It searches the next request page in advance using only partial web data not in whole web data. There is an advantage to no need take input as number of cluster. So it utilized a personalized weighted recommendation system based on user's interest with less execution time.

Keywords: Web Usage Mining, Prefix Span, Gap, Recency, Compactness, Data Stream, Closed Pattern, Data Mining, Personalization, Sequential Pattern Mining, Web Services, Agglomerative Clustering. 

References: 

  1. Agrawal and R. Srikant, “Fast Algorithms for Mining Association Rules in Large Databases”, in Proc. Int. Conf. Very Large Data Bases, pp. 487–499, 1994.
  2. N. Garofalakis, R. Rastogi, K. Shim, “SPIRIT: Sequential Pattern  Mining  with  Regular  Expression Constraints”, In Proceedings of 25th VLDB Conference, pp. 223-234, San Francisco, California, 1999.
  3. J. Zaki, “SPADE: An Efficient Algorithm for Mining Frequent Sequences”, Machine Learning Journal, Vol. 42, Issue (1-2), pp. 31-60, 2001.
  4. Jian Pei, Jiawei Han and Helen Pinto, “PrefixSpan: Mining Sequential Patterns  Efficiently  by  Prefix- Projected Pattern Growth”, In Proceedings of 12th International  Conference  on  Data  Engineering, pp. 215-224, Heidelberg, Germany, 2001.
  5. Freire J., Kumar B., and Lieuwen D., “WebViews: Accessing Personalized Web Content and Services”, In Proceedings of the Tenth International World Wide Web Conference, 2001.
  6. Antunes, A. L. Oliveira, “Generalization of Pattern-growth Methods for Sequential Pattern Mining with Gap Constraints”, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition, Third International Conference, MLDM 2003, Leipzig, Germany, July 5-7, 2003, Proceedings 2003.
  7. Han, J. Pei, Y. Yin, and R. Mao, “Mining Frequent Patterns without Candidate Generation: A Frequent-Pattern Tree Approach”, Data Mining Knowledge Discovery, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 53–87, 2004.
  8. Pei et al., “Mining Sequential Patterns by Pattern-Growth: The Prefix Span Approach”, IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 1424–1440, Nov. 2004.
  9. Yen-Liang Chen, Ya-Han Hu, “The Consideration of Recency and  Compactness  in  Sequential  Pattern Mining”, In Proceedings of the second workshop on Knowledge Economy and Electronic Commerce, Vol.  42, Iss. 2 , pp. 1203-1215, 2006.
  10. -P. Hong, C.-W. Lin, and Y.-L. Wu, “Incrementally Fast Updated Frequent Pattern Trees”, Expert System Application, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 2424–2435, May 2008.
  11. Krzysztof D., Wojciech K., Marcin S., “Effective Prediction of Web User Behaviour with User-Level Models”, Fundamental Informatics , IOS Press , Vol. 89, No. 2-3, pp. 189, 2008.
  12. R. Suneetha, Dr. K. R. Krishnamoorthy, “Identifying User Behavior by Analyzing Web Server Access Log File”, IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Vol. 9, No.4, pp. 327, 2009.
  13. Dhirendra Kumar   Jha,   Anil   Rajput,   Manmohan      & Archana   Tomar,  (2010)   “An   Efficient  Model   for   Information Gain of Sequential  Pattern from Web Logs based on Dynamic Weight  Constraint”, IEEE  International  Conference  on  Computer Information  Systems  and Industrial  Management.
  14. Omar Zaarour, Mohamad Nagi, “Effective Web Log Mining and Online Navigational Pattern Prediction", ELSEVIER, 2013.
  15. Jerry Chun, Wensheng Gan, Tzung Pei Hong, “Efficiently Maintaining the Fast Updated Sequential Pattern Trees With Sequence Deletion”, IEEE Access - The Journal for Rapid open access publishing, Vol. 2, pp. 1374-1383, 2014.
  16. Doddegowda B. J., G. T. Raju, Sunil Kumar, “Extraction of Behavioral Patterns from Pre processed Web Usage Data for Web Personalization”, IEEE International Conference On Recent Trends In Electronics Information Communication Technology, pp. 494-498, 2016.
  17. Minubhai Chaudhari, Chirag Mehta, “Extension of Prefix Span Approach with GRC Constraints for Sequential Pattern Mining”, International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques, pp. 2496-2498, 2016.
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26.

Authors:

Venu Gopal Prathimala, Prudhwee Raju, Roshan Puvvada, Sushanth Varma

Paper Title:

Static and Dynamic Analysis of All Terrain Eco-Green Vehicle (ATV)

Abstract: This paper provides an in-detail description of the design considerations, static & dynamic analysis and mathematical data involved in the design of an ELECTRIC MOTOR POWERED ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES (ATV). The main objective of this paper is to reduce the usage of organic fuel powered vehicles and to design a vehicle which works efficiently in the emerging electric vehicle sector. The fast moving metropolitan cities necessitates preplanning of transportation and mobile network. With the advancements in automobile industry, these problems has been tackled to a certain extend but has also brought a concern to vehicular pollution. Air pollution today being a major point of debate persuades engineers and scientists to think of something new and pose a solution to this ever growing issue. Going green seems an only feasible solution to this and that’s the reason for choosing the electric motor as the main power source for this all terrain vehicle. In order to maintain the speed levels of the vehicle, seamless decision was made in motor selection.In today’s world, Electric cars are gaining a great demand with increasingly new features established in them and rising demand of eco friendly status for each one of us. Electric cars which uses electricity to charge up their batteries; have replaced gasoline and diesel cars with features like high speed, less carbon emission, less maintenance, up to certain level with better mileage [1]. Hence the main focus has been laid on the simplicity of the design, high performance, easy maintenance and safety at a very affordable price. During the entire design process, consumer interest through innovative, inexpensive, and effective methods was always the priority. Most of the components have been chosen based on their easy availability and reliability. According to recognition of customer’s need the vehicle is designed to be ergonomic, aerodynamic, highly engineered and easily manufactured. Hence, it makes the vehicle more efficient. This vehicle can navigate through almost all terrains, which ultimately is the main purpose behind the making of any all-terrain vehicle [7]. This report aimed at designing, analysing, fabrication and testing of steering, braking and power transmission for an eco-green all terrain vehicles (ATV) in a nutshell.

Keywords: All Terrain Vehicle, Electric Motor, Power Train, Steering, Braking System, Suspension, Eco friendly.

References: 

  1. Parishwang Piyush, “USE OF VIBRATION ENERGY FOR CHARGING ELECTRIC CAR,” International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET),Volume 7, Issue 2, March-April 2016, pp. 69–75.
  2. Thomas D. Gillespie; Fundamental of Vehicle Dynamics; ISBN: 978-1-56091-199-9; February 1992.
  3. Boby George, Akhil T Benny, Albert John, Aswin Jose, Denny Francis, Design and Fabrication of Steering and Bracking System for All Terrain Vehicle” International Journal of Scientific Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 3, March-2016.
  4. Saurabh Chauhan,” Motor Torque Calculations For Electric Vehicle” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH VOLUME 4, ISSUE 08, AUGUST 2015 ISSN 2277-8616.
  5. Rony Argueta, “The Electric Vehicle,” Technical Report, Santa Barbara College of Engineering, University of California, Mar. 2010.
  6. A textbook on “Suspension Geometry and Computations” by John C Dixon.
  7. “Automobile Engineering” by K K Jain, R B Asthana published 2002 by Tata McGraw-hill publishing Company Limited.
  8. “Design of Machine Elements” by V B Bhandari published 2010 by Tata McGraw-hill publishing Company Limited.
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  10. Reza N. Jazar, “Vehicle Dynamics Theory and Application”,Springer Publication.
  11. “Design Data Book’, PSG College , Coimbatore,2011.
  12. Upendra S. Gupta,Sumit Chandak,,Devashish Dixit, “Design & Manufacturing of All Terrain Vehicle (ATV)- Selection, Modification , Static & Dynamic Analysis of ATV Vehicle”International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) – Volume 20 Number 3 – Feb 2015.

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