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Volume-4 Issue-4, April 2015, ISSN:  2249-8958 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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Vandai Le, Xinran Li, Caoquyen Le, Honghu Zhou

Paper Title:

A Fuzzy Logic based Adaptive Control of TCSC for Power Oscillations Damping

Abstract:    This paper presents an approach to the designing of a fuzzy logic-based adaptive Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (FLBA-TCSC) controller via minimum total energy function method to improve the power oscillation damping of a wide area power system control and enhance system stability. Within the new control strategy, using a combination of a Fuzzy logic control (FLC) and SCADA signal to establish control rules, which monitor TCSC operations with respect to various working conditions of the power system. The effectiveness of proposed approach has been validated through various simulation cases of the three phase faults at different locations of the Vietnamese power network. In order to verify the performance of the proposed control, the proposed controller is compressed with a traditional and none TCSC model. The simulation results show that the proposed control scheme improves the dynamic stability and provides the effective damping of generator angle oscillations and power ones.

  TCSC, energy function, angle oscillation, power oscillation, dynamic stability.


1.              N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTS concepts and technology of flexible AC transmission syste,” IEEE Press, New York, 2000.
2.              H. Salman, D. Biswarup and P. Vinay, “Reduced rule base self-tuning fuzzy PI controller for TCSC”, Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol.32, 2010, pp.1005-1013.

3.              E. Acha, V. G. Agelidis, O. Anaya-Lara and et al, “Power electronic control in electrical system,’’ Butterworth Heinemann Oxford, 2002.

4.              R. Narne, J. P. Therattil and P. C. Panda, “Improving power system transient stability by PSS and hybrid Fuzzy-PI based TCSC controllers”, Engineering and Systems, 2012.

5.              H. Salman, “Power System Stability Enhancement Using Reduced rule base self-tuning fuzzy PI controller for TCSC,” IEEE transmission and distribution conference and exhibition, 2010.

6.              S. K. Rautray, S. Choudhury, S. Mishra and et al, “A Particle Swarm Optimization Based Approach For Power System Transient Stability Enhancement With TCSC,”  Procedia Technology, Vol. 6, 2012, pp.31-38.

7.              E. S. Ali and S. M. Abd-Elazim, “Coordinated design of PSSs and TCSC via bacterial swarm optimization algorithm in a multimachine power system,” Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 36, 2012, pp. 84-92.

8.              J. M. Ramorez-Arredondo and R. Davalos-Marin, “TCSC control based on passivity for power system damping enhancement,” Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 23, 2001, pp. 81-90.

9.              D. Z. Fang, Y. Xiaodong, S. Wennan and et al, “Oscillation transient energy function applied to the design of a TCSC fuzzy logic damping controller to suppress power system inter-area mode oscillations,” IEE Proc-Generator Transmisionline Distribution, Vol. 150, No. 2, March, 2003,  pp. 233–241.

10.           K. Phorang, M. Leelajindakraireak and M. Y. Leelajindakraireak, “Damping improvement of oscillation in power system by fuzzy logic based SVCstabilizer,” IEEE transmission and distribution conference and exhibition,  2002, pp. 1542-1547.

11.           N. Vititanont and K. Hongesombut, “TCSC Based on Phase-Plane Fuzzy Logic Control for Wide-Area Power System Stabilization,” IEEE International Conference, 2013.

12.           E. S.  Ali and S. M. Abd-Elazim, “TCSC damping controller design based on bacteria foraging optimization algorithmfor a multimachine power system,” Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 37, 2012, pp.23-30.

13.           M. Khederzadeh and T. S. Sidhu, “Impact of TCSC on the Protection of Transmission Lines,”  IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan, 2006, pp. 80-87.

14.           P. Kundur, “Power system stability and control,” McGraw-Hil, New York, USA, 1994.

15.           W. T. Carson, “Power System Voltage Stability,” McGraw-Hill, New York. 1994.

16.           Gomez-Exposito, A. J. Conejo and C. Canizares, “Electric Energy Systems Analysis and Operation,”  CRC Press, 2009

17.           K. N. Stanton,“Dynamic Energy Balance Studies for Simulation of Power-Frequency Transients,”  IEEE PICA Conference, 1971.

18.           M. P. Kazmierkowski, R. Krishnan and F. Blaabjerg, “Control in Power Electronics: Selected Problems,” ACADEMIC Press, 2002.





Anuja C. Tikole, Vikash V. Kamle, Shekhar J. Jadhav, Aditya S. More, Asmita Mali

Paper Title:

An Assembly of Discrimination Prevention Techniques in Data Mining

Abstract:     Data mining is the extraction of implicit, previously unknown, and potentially useful information from available data. The idea is to make computer programs that come through databases automatically, seeking regularities or patterns. In data mining, the data is stored electronically and search is automated by computer. Data mining is about solving problems by analyzing data already present in databases. There are, however, negative social perceptions about data mining, among which unjustifiable access and potential discrimination. Discrimination consists of unfairly treating people on the basis of their belonging to a particular group. Automated data collection and data mining techniques such as classification rule mining gives the way to making automated decisions, for e.g., loan granting/denial, insurance premium computation, etc. If the training data sets are biased in what regards discriminatory (sensitive) attributes as  gender, race, religion, etc., discriminatory decisions may happen. Due to this, antidiscrimination techniques including discrimination discovery and prevention have been introduced in data mining .Discrimination is a presuppose privileges where provide to the each separate group for the safety of the data which is stored . Discrimination can be either direct or indirect. Direct discrimination finds  when decisions are made based on sensitive attributes. Indirect discrimination occurs when decisions are made based on non-sensitive attributes which are strongly correlated with biased sensitive ones. In this paper, proposed system covers discrimination prevention in data mining and propose new techniques applicable for direct and indirect discrimination prevention both at the same time.

   Data mining, Direct and  Indirect Discrimination prevention, Antidiscrimination.


1.              S. Hajian, J. Domingo- Ferrer, “A Methodology For Direct And Indirect Discrimination Prevention In Data Mining,” Proc. IEEE transact. knowledge and data engineering, vol. 25, no. 7,pp.1041-4347, 2013.
2.              S. Hajian, J. Domingo-Ferrer, and A. Martı´nez-Balleste´, “Discrimination Prevention in Data Mining for Intrusion and Crime Detection,” Proc. IEEE Symp. Computational Intelligence in Cyber Security (CICS ’11), pp. 47-54, 2011.

3.              D. Pedreschi, S. Ruggieri, and F. Turini, “Discrimination-Aware Data Mining,” Proc. 14th ACM Int’l Conf. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD ’08), pp. 560-568, 2008.
4.              R. Agrawal and R. Srikant, “Fast Algorithms for Mining Association Rules in Large Databases,” Proc. 20th Int’l Conf. Very Large Data Bases, pp. 487-499, 1994.
5.              S. Hajian, J. Domingo-Ferrer, and A. Martı´nez-Balleste´, “Rule Protection for Indirect Discrimination Prevention in Data Mining,” Proc. Eighth Int’l Conf. Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence (MDAI ’11), pp. 211-222, 2011.

6.              F. Kamiran and T. Calders, “Classification without Discrimination,” Proc. IEEE Second Int’l Conf. Computer, Control and Comm. (IC4 ’09), 2009.

7.              F. Kamiran and T. Calders, “Classification with no Discrimination by Preferential Sampling,” Proc. 19th Machine Learning Conf. Belgium and The Netherlands, 2010.

8.              S. Ruggeri, D. Pedreschi, and F. Turini, “Data Mining for Discrimination Discovery,” ACM Trans. Knowledge Discovery from Data, vol. 4, no. 2, article 9, 2010.





Jolly John, Asha Latha Thampuran, B. Premlet

Paper Title:

Acoustic Comfort of Schools in Tropical Humid Climate

Abstract:      This paper reports the investigation on acoustic comfort of school buildings in tropical warm humid climate. In this type of climate the intrusion of external noise into the classrooms along with cross ventilation is unavoidable. Studies have been carried in 30 secondary schools located in Kollam district of Kerala in India. The two important acoustic parameters viz., background noise and reverberation time which affect the acoustical comfort were measured on site, in the school environment and a few selected classrooms in all schools. The measured values were compared to the acoustical recommendations of Bureau of Indian standards. The acoustical study on one of the schools is presented in detail. The study reveals a strong need of improving the acoustical comforts in school environments and classrooms. The study also reveals that a simple treatment to the ceiling and walls could improve the acoustic comfort in classrooms.

    Acoustic comfort, background noise, reverberation, ambient noise level, sound insulation, tropical climate


1.                 Paulo.H.T.Zannin, Daniele Petri Zanardo Zwirtes, “Evaluation of acoustic performance of classrooms in public schools,” Applied Acoustics, 2007; 70:626-635.
2.                 Luban D Sutherland. Good classroom acoustics is a good investment. In International congress on acoustics ICA, Rome, Italy: 2001. Proceedings.

3.                 CA Mydlarz, R Conetta, D Connolly, TJ Cox, JE Dockrell, BM Shield. “Comparision of environment acoustic factors in occupied school classrooms for 11-16 year old students,” Building and Environment. 2013; 60:265-271.

4.                 E.L.Kruger, PHT Zannin. “Acoustic, thermal and luminous comfort in classrooms,”Building and Environment .2004; 39:1055-1063.

5.                 P.H.T.Zannin, Marcon CR. “Obective and Subjective evaluation of acoustic comfort in classrooms,” Applied Ergonomics.2007; 38:675-680.

6.                 VA Collect da Graca, DCCK Kowaltowski, JRD Petreche. An evaluation method for school building design at the preliminary phase with optimization of aspects of environmental comfort for the school system of the State Sao Paulo in Brazil. Building and Environment. 2007; 42:984- 999.

7.                 Carl.C.Crandell, Joseph.J .Smaldino. “Classroom Acoustic for children with normal hearing and with hearing impairment. Language, speech and hearing services in school,” Oct 2000; Vol3:.362- 370.

8.                 Hui Xie,Jian Kang,Roger Tompsett. “The impact of environmental noise on the academic achievements of secondary school students in Greater London,” Applied Acoustics. 2011;72: 551- 555.

9.                 S.K.Tang. Speech related acoustical parameters in classrooms and their relationships. Applied Acoustics 2008; 69:1318-1331.

10.              Arianna Astolfi,Vincenzo Corrado,Alessia Griginis. “Comparison between measured and        calculated parameters for the  acousticalcharacterization          of  small  classrooms.” Applied Acoustics.               2008; 69:966- 976.

11.              Che-Ming Ching, Chi-Ming Lai.“Acoustical environment evaluation of Joint Classrooms for elementary school in Taiwan. Building and Environment.” 2008; 43:1619-1632.

12.              G  Muthu  Shoba  Mohan.  “Acoustical criteria for a better learning environment in classrooms,” International conference, IIT Madras,Chennai,India.Feb 2013.Proceedings.

13.              2011 Census data of India –census.india.gov.in.

14.              www.education.kerala.gov.in.

15.              Koenigsberger, Ingersoil, Mayhew,Szokolay. Manual of Tropical Housing and Building- Climate design. India: Orient Longman Ltd; 2001.

16.              Kerala Muncipality Building Rule -1999, 15th edition.

17.              National Building Code of India 2007. Beauro of Indian Standards. New Delhi.

18.              Bruel and Kjaer. Measurements in Building Acoustics. 2006 ;www.bk.dk

19.              Lawrence E Kinsler, Austin R Frey, Allen b Coppens, James V Sandens. Fundamentals of Acoustic .4th edition, John Wiley & Sons; 2000.

20.              Selma Kurra, Levent Dal. Sound insulation design by using noise maps. Building and Environment. 2012; 49:219-303.

21.              M.David Egan, Architectural Acoustic. J.Ross publishing, 2008.

22.              Building Bulletin -93 UK. Acoustic Design of schools – a design guide.

23.              www. BATOD. Org.UK- Specification for Acoustic Performances





S. Karthick, P. Karthick, K. Kowsik, M. Maheswari

Paper Title:

Integrated Coastal Area Management

Abstract:     An ICAM is regarded as a way to improve the quality of life of communities dependent on coastal area resource and maintain the ecosystem. The considerable efforts undertaken on all continents to carry out refine the concept of ICAM have resulted in its adoption as the key paradigm for the sustainable development of coastal areas. In this paper highlights the implementation of ICAM to develop the coastal areas both economical and environments. Here we discussed many problems, the coastal manager myth, and the positivist illusion. The results show the development of coastal area with the help of ICAM programs.

Quality in both economical and environmental aspects


1.              Archer, J. H. and M.C. Jarman. 1992. Sovereign rights and responsibilities: Applying public trust principles to the management of EEZ space and resources. Ocean & Coastal Management 17(1):251-270.
2.              Bower, B.; C. H. Ehler; and D. Basta. 1994. A Framework for Planning for Integrated

3.              Coastal Zone Management. NOAA/NOS Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and assessment, Silver Spring, Maryland.

4.              Chua Thia-Eng. 1993. Essential elements of integrated coastal zone management. Ocean & Coastal Management 21:81-108.

5.              Cicin-Sain, B. 1992a. Multiple use conflicts and their resolution: Toward a comprehensive research agenda. In Ocean Management in Global Change, ed., P. Fabbri, pp. 280-307. New York: Elsevier Applied Science.

6.              1992. Research agenda on ocean governance. In Ocean Governance: A New Vision, ed. B. Cicin-Sain, pp. 9-16. Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware, Center for the Study of Marine Policy.

7.            1998. Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and Practices. Washington, DC: Island Press.





Vyavahare M.D, Kataria S. S

Paper Title:

Library Management Using Real Time Face Recognition System

Abstract:      This paper an automated system for human face recognition in a real time background world for a large homemade dataset of persons face. The task is very difficult as the real time background subtraction in an image is still a challenge. Addition to this there is a huge variation in human face image in terms of size, pose and expression. The system proposed collapses most of this variance. To detect real time human face Ada Boost with Haar cascade is used and a simple fast PCA and LDA is used to recognize the faces detected. The matched face is then used to mark attendance in the laboratory, in our case. This library management system is real time attendance system based on the human face recognition with a simple and fast algorithms and gaining a high accuracy rate. There two data base one is student data base and other is library data base system.

  PCA; Principal Component Analysis,2. Fast PCA;  Fast Principal Component Analysis,3. LDA; Linear Discriminant Analysis , 4.Ada Boost ;Adaptive boost ,5. GUI; Graphical user interface.


1.                K.Susheel kumar ,Shital Prasad ,Vijay Bhaskar Semwad .RC Tripathi “Real time Face Recognition Using Adaboost Improvbed Fast PCA Algorithm ,”IJAIA .Vol.2,No.3.July 2011.
2.                Shuicheng Yan, Huan Wang, Jianzhuang Liu, Xiaoou Tang, Huang, T.S. “Misalignment-Robust Face Recognition” Dept. of Electr. &Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, IEEE Xplore , march 2010,vol 19, pages 1087 – 1096

3.                L. Sirovich and M. Kirby, “Low-Dimensional procedure for the characterization of humanfaces,” J. Optical Soc. of Am., vol. 4, pp. 519- 524, 1987.

4.                Xiaoyang Tan, Triggs. “Enhanced Local Texture Feature Sets for Face Recognition Under Difficult Lighting Conditions “ Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Technol., Nanjing Univ. of Aeronaut.&Astronaut. Nanjing, China, IEEE computer science society, February 2010,vol 19,page 1635.

5.                M. Kirby and L. Sirovich, “Application of the Karhunen- Loève procedure for the characterisation of human faces,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence,vol.12, pp. 831-835, Dec.1990.

6.                Yin Zhang, Zhi-Hua Zhou, “Cost-Sensitive Face Recognition “Nat. Key Lab. for Novel Software Technol., Nanjing Univ., Nanjing, China IEEE, December 2009

7.                L. Zhao and Y.H. Yang, “Theoretical analysis of illumination in pcabased vision systems, ”Pattern Recognition, vol. 32, pp. 547-564, 1999.

8.                Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-Based and modular Eigen spaces for face recognition,” Proc. IEEE CS Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 84-91, 1994.

9.                Yueming Wang, Jianzhuang Liu, Xiaoou Tang “Robust 3D Face Recognition by Local Shape Difference Boosting” Dept. of Inf. Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China ,IEEE Xplore, January 2010

10.             Belhumeur, V., Hespanda, J., Kiregeman, D., 1997, “Eigenfaces vs. fisherfaces: recognition using class specific linear projection”, IEEE Trans. on PAMI, V. 19, pp. 711-720.

11.             Roger (Ruo-gu) Zhang, Henry Chang, “A Literature Survey of Face Recognition And Reconstruction Techniques,” December 12, 2005.

12.             Y. Ryu and S. Oh, “Automatic extraction of eye and mouth fields from a face image using eigen features and multiplayer perceptrons,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 34, no. 12,pp. 2459–2466,2001.

13.             D. Cristinacce and T. Cootes, “Facial feature detection using ada boost with shape constraints,”in Proc. 14th British Machine Vision Conference, Norwich, UK, Sep.2003, pp. 231–240.

14.             L. Wiskott, J.M. Fellous, N. Kruger, and C. von der Malsburg, “Face recognition by elastic bunch graph matching,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence,vol. 19, no. 7,pp. 775–779, 1997.

15.             K. Toyama, R. Feris , J. Gemmell, and V. Kruger, “Hierarchical wavelet networks for facial feature localization,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Washington D.C., 2002, pp. 118–123.

16.             T.F. Cootes, G.J. Edwards, and C.J. Taylor, “Active appearance models,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 681–685, Jun. 2001.

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19.             Zhiming Liu, Jian Yang, ChengjunLiu.“Extracting Multiple Features in the CID Color Space for Face Recognition” Dept. of Comput. Sci., New Jersey Inst. of Technol., Newark, NJ, USA IEEE Xplore, April 2010,pages 2502 – 2509

20.             Y. Freund and R.E. Schapire. A decision-theoretic generalization of on-line learning and an application to boosting. In Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Computational Learning Theory, pages 23–37. Springer-Verlag, 1995.





K. Kumar

Paper Title:

Printed Monopole Antenna Using Inductive Stub and Defected Ground Structure

Abstract:    A new type of triple band antenna is proposed for wireless applications. The proposed structure printed on FR4 substrate with εr = 4.3, h = 1.6 mm and tan δ = 0.008. The size of the radiating element is 11.2 x 6.0 mm2. Both the triple band antenna and the feeding microstrip line are printed on the same substrate, leading to a fully planar structure. The Defected Ground Structure is employed to enhance the bandwidth. The measured -10 dB return loss impedance bandwidth for the first band is about 4.0 - 4.5 GHz (11.76%) with a resonance mode excited at 4.2 GHz, for the second band is about 5.2 - 5.8 GHz (10.90%) with a resonance mode excited at 5.9 GHz and for the third band is about 6.2 - 7 GHz (12.12%) with a resonance mode excited at 6.5 GHz. The performances of the antenna with optimized parameters are characterized in terms of reflection coefficient, gain, and radiation pattern.

   monopole antenna; bandwidth; radiation pattern; return loss


1.              Liu, W.-C., C.-M. Wu, and Y. Dai, “Design of triplefrequency microstrip-fed monopole antenna using defected ground structure,” IEEE Transactions on Antenna and Propagation, Vol. 59, No. 7, 2457–2463, July 2011.
2.              Kumar C & Guha D  ‘A new look into the cross-polarized radiation form a circular microstrip antenna and suppression using dot shaped DGS’, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Symposium Digest. 2010,

3.              Liu WC, Wu  CM, &  Dai Y , ‘Design of triple-frequency microstrip-fed monopole antenna using defected ground structure’, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 2457-2463. 2011

4.              Kang, L., H. Wang, X. H. Wang, and X. Shi, "A Compact ACS fed antenna with rectangular SRRs for tri-band operation," Electron. Lett., Vol. 50, No. 16, 1112-1114, Jul. 2014.

5.              G. Teni, N. Zhang, J. Qiu, and P. Zhang, “Research on a novel miniaturized antipodal Vivaldi antenna with improved radiation,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 12, pp. 417–420, 2013.





Pankaj Banyal, N Singh, A.A Kazmi

Paper Title:

Assessment of Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems for Sanitation of Small Communities using A Qualitative Approach Methodology: A Case Study from Northern India

Abstract:     To date different technologies based wastewater treatments have been actualized at full scale level over the world; however the integral elements for the determination of most suitable treatment framework are still obscure. The present study is fervent to the investigation of 11 decentralized sewage treatment plants in Northern India using a qualitative approach methodology in which distinctive focus was paid to economic indicator of these plants. A total of eight technologies i.e. Package type (including Anaerobic , Anaerobic +Aerobic treatment and Anaerobic +Aerobic treatment ), and cluster type, i.e. Extended Aeration (EA), Moving bed Bio-film Reactor (MBBR), Sequencing Batch reactor (SBR), Membrane Bio reactor (MBR),Rotational Biological Contractor (RBC) were counted in this field review. As a component of the qualitative evaluation of these plants, land requirement, capital investments, operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and treatment efficiencies (in terms of BOD, COD, TSS removal) were selected as determining broader indicator in the cull of the felicitous wastewater treatment system in developing countries like India. An intensive field campaign was run and data obtained by conventional field visits + preset questionnaire format for analyzing results to gain insight into available technologies as per capacity wise classification of small scale plants. The study analyzed approximate cost of treatment in the range of 4.4 to 6.8 Rs/m3 (±15%) for On-site Package treatment plant and Rs (₹) 3.0 to 10.1 (±15 -20%) for Cluster Type (< 5.0 MLD) as per design flow, Land usage for package type @ 4.0 to 40 m2 (±20%), 220.0 to 7630.3 m2 (±20%) for cluster type, Capital investment @ ₹ 82.5 to 833.3 (±20%) Lacs/MLD for Package type and for cluster type @ 80.4 to 528.6 (±20%) Lacs/MLD; Specific power consumption @ < 0.7 (±10%) KW-h/m3 for design flow and 0.15 to 1.76 (±10%) KW-h/m3 for Actual Flow, technical performance was pragmatic with % BOD removal @ 65 to 98%, % COD removal 66 to 98 % and % TSS removal 65 to 97 % .These results give a test and an opportunity for the research community and market leader to choose a suitable option of similar regions. The results of this study allow users and engineer to choose the treatment system according to their resources available viz. –a- viz. requirement.

Decentralized sewage treatment plants; Specific power consumption; Operation and maintenance; Economic analysis


1.              Massoud, M. A., Tarhini, A. & Nasr, J. A. 2009. Decentralized approaches to wastewater treatment and management: Applicability in developing countries. Journal of Environmental Management 90, 652–659.
2.              Chong, M. N., Sharma, A. K., Burn, S. & Saint, C. P. 2012. Feasibility study on the application of advanced oxidation technologies for decentralized wastewater treatment. Journal of Cleaner Production 35, 230–238.

3.              Ho, G. 2005. Technology for sustainability: the role of onsite, small and community scale technology. Water Science &Technology 51 (10), 15–20.

4.              Singh, N.K., Kazmi, A.A., &Starkl, M. 2014. A review on full-scale decentralized wastewater treatment systems: techno-economical approach. Water Science &Technology. doi:10.2166/wst.2014.413.

5.              Wang, S. 2014. Values of decentralized systems that avoid investments in idle capacity within the wastewater sector: A theoretical justification. Journal of Environmental Management 136 (1), 68–75.

6.              Starkl, M., Parkinson, J., Narayanan, D. & Flamand, P. 2012. Small is beautiful but is large more economical? Fresh views on decentralized Vs centralized wastewater management. Water21, June 2012 45–47.

7.              Singh, M. & Srivastava, R. K. 2011. Sequencing batch reactor technology for biological wastewater treatment: a review. Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering. 6, 3–13.

8.              Merriam, S. B. 1998. Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

9.              Brown, P.A. 2008. A review of the literature on case study research. Chandian Journal for new scholar in education. Vol. 1(1)

10.           Apha, Awwa. “WEF, 2005.” Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater 21 (1999); 258-259.

11.           Igor Bodik, 2013. “Environment protection Engineering, 2013. Energy and sustainability of operation of wastewater treatment plant. Vol 39 No 2.





Siddharth Sinha, Ayoush Johari

Paper Title:

DWT, DKT and DCT Based Hybrid Transform Implimentation for Lossless Compression of RGB Color Image

Abstract:      High quality color image obliged expansive measure of space to store and extensive data transmission to transmit it. Because of impediments in data transfer capacity and away space, it is primary prerequisite to layers computerized color image. To meet this, various picture pressure procedures are created in last a few years. This research paper presents a peculiar Hybrid Wavelet Transform technique for Image compression using three orthogonal transforms. The concept of hybrid wavelet transform is to combine the attributes of two or more different orthogonal transform wavelet to attain the vitality of multiple transform wavelet. Proposed approach is to generate hybrid wavelet transform with three orthogonal transform using together which are Discrete Cosine transform, Discrete Wavelet transform and Discrete Kekre Transform. These all are lossy compression techniques. On several image simulation has been carried out. The experimental result has shown that hybrid transform wavelet performance is best as compared to transform wavelets. Here the hybrid of DWT, DCT and DKT provides the best result amongst the individual mentioned transforms.

Image compression; Hybrid Wavelet Transform; Discrete Wavelet Transform; DWT; Discrete Cosine Transform; DCT; Discrete Kekre Transform; DKT


1.                 Sanjeev Kumar and Varun Sood, “Quality Assessment of colour image compression using Haar Wavelet Transform”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 266-269, 2012.
2.                 Dr. H.B Kekre, Dr. Tanuja Sarode and Prachi Natu, “Image Compression Using Real Fourier Transform, Its wavelet Transform and Hybrid Wavelet Transform”, International Journal of Advanced Computer science and Application, 2013.

3.                 V.V Sunil Kumar and M.Indra Sena Reddy, “image compression technique by using wavelet transform”, journal of Information Engineering and applications, 2012.

4.                 M. J. Nadenau, J. Reichel, and M. Kunt, “Wavelet Based Colour Image Compression: Exploiting the Contrast Sensitivity Function”, IEEE Transactions Image Processing.

5.                 H.B.kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade and Adib Parkar, “A Comparison of Haar Wavelets and Kekre‟s Wavelets for Storing Colour Informationin a Greyscale Image”,
International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA),32-38, 2010.

6.                 H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade and Akshay Maloo, “Performance Comparison of Image Retrieval Techniques using Wavelet Pyramids ofWalsh, Haar and Kekre Transforms”, International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), 1-8, 2010.

7.                 H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade and Akshay Maloo, “Face Recognition using Texture Features Extracted form Walshlet Pyramid”, ACEEE International Journal on Recent Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJRTET), 2010.

8.                 Dr.H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade and Akshay Maloo, “Face Recognition using Texture Features Extracted from Haarlet Pyramid”, International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), 41-45, 2010.

9.                 Dr. H.B Kekre, Dr. Tanuja Sarode and Prachi Natu, “Image Compression based on Hybrid wavelet transform generated using orthogonal component transform of different sizes”, International Journal of soft computing and Engineering, 2013.

10.              J. L. Walsh, “A Closed Set of Orthogonal Functions”, AmericanJournal of Mathematics, 5-24, 1923.

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12.              W. Chen, C. H. Smith and S. C. Fralick, “A Fast Computational Algorithm For The Discrete Cosine Transform”, IEEE Transaction Communications,1004-1008, 1977.

13.              Dr.H.B.Kekre and Sudeep D. Thepade, “Image Retrieval using Non-Involutional Orthogonal Kekre’s Transform”, International Journalof Multidisciplinary Research and Advances in Engineering (IJMRAE), 189-203, 2009.

14.              Dr.H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade, Archana Athawale, Anant S., Prathamesh V. and Suraj S., “Kekre Transform over Row Mean, Column Mean and Both using Image Tiling for Image Retrieval”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering (IJCEE), 964-971, 2010.

15.              R. V. L. Hartley, "A more symmetrical Fourier analysis applied to transmission problems", Proceedings of IRE 30, 144–150, 1942.

16.              R. N. Bracewell, "Discrete Hartley transform," Journal of Opt. Soc. America, 1832–183 , 1983.

17.              R. N. Bracewell, "The fast Hartley transform," Proc. of IEEE 1010–1018 ,1984

18.              Dr.H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade, Juhi Jain and Naman Agrawal, “IRIS Recognition using Texture Features Extracted from Haarlet Pyramid”, International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA),1-5, 2010.

19.              Dr.H.B.Kekre, Sudeep D. Thepade and Akshay Maloo, “Query by image content using color texture features extracted from Haar wavelet pyramid”, International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA) for the special edition on “Computer Aided Soft Computing Techniques for Imaging and Biomedical Applications”,

20.              Harjeetpal Singh and Sakhi Sharma, “Hybrid Image Compression using DWT, DCT & Huffman Encoding Techniques”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2012.

21.              Er. Ramandeep kaur Grewal and navneet Randhawa, “image compression using Discrete cosine Transform & wavelet transform”, International Journal of Computing & Business Research.





Aparna Gale, S.S.Salankar

Paper Title:

Performance Analysis on Iris Feature Extraction Using PCA, Haar Transform and Block Sum Algorithm

Abstract:       Iris recognition is the most accurate biometrics which has received increasing attention in departments which require high security. In this paper, we make a Comparative study of performance of image transforms using Haar transform, Principle of Component Analysis (PCA), Block sum algorithm technique for iris verification.  to extract features on specific portion of the iris for improving the performance of an iris recognition system. The main aim of this paper is to show that how can we get better overall accuracy than the existing methods of feature extraction of iris recognition system. The proposed methods are evaluated by combining Haar transform and block sum algorithm based upon False Rejection Rate (FRR) and False Acceptance Rate (FAR) and the experimental results show that this technique produces good performance on CASIA VI iris database.

  Iris recognition, biometrics, Block sum algorithm, Haar transform, PCA. 


1.                Pravin S. Patil(April 2012),” The Comparison of Iris Recognition using Principal Component Analysis, Log Gabor and Gabor Wavelets”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 43– No.1.
2.                J. G. Daugman (1993), “High confidence visual recognition of persons by a test of statistical independence”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 15(11), 1148–1161.

3.                J. Daugman (1994), “Biometric Personal identification System based on iris analysis”, US patent no. 529160.

4.                R. V. Patil, K. C. Jondhale (2009),” Content Based Image Retreival Based on Phase Congruency Via Log Gabor Wavelet Filters”,Proceedings of ICCVGIVP 2009. Nagpur, pp 84-85.

5.                Prakash K.S.S., RMD Sundaram (2007),” Combining Novel Features for Content Based Image Retrieval”, Sixth EURASIP Conference focused on Speech and Image Processing, 373-376.

6.                Murugan( Dec.2011),” Fragmented Iris Recognition System using BPNN”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 36– No.4.

7.                Kshamaraj Gulmire, Sanjay Ganorkar , “Iris Recognition Using Gabor Wavelet”. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Vol. 1 Issue 5, July – 2012.

8.                Mr. Babasaheb G. Patil , Dr. Mrs. Shaila Subbaraman“SVD-EBP Algorithm for Iris Patten Recognition”

9.                Jong-Gook Ko , Yeon-Hee Gil and Jang-Hee Yoo, “Iris Recognition using Cumulative SUM based Change Analysis” . International Symposium on Intelligent Signal _ w Processing and Communication Systems (ISPACS2006) 2006 Yonago Convention Center, Tottori, Japan.

10.             Usham Dias1, Vinita Frietas2, Sandeep P.S.3,  “A neural network based iris recognition system for personal Identification”

11.             Murugan( Dec.2011),” Fragmented Iris Recognition System using BPNN”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 36– No.4.

12.             Dr. H.B.Kekre(October 2011),”  Iris recognition using Partial Coefficients by applying Discrete Cosine Transform, Haar Wavelet and DCT Wavelet Transform”,
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 32– No.6.

13.             Pravin S. Patil(June 2012),” Performance Evaluation in Iris Recognition and CBIR

14.             System based on Phase Congruency” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 888) Volume 47– No.14.





T. Sivackani

Paper Title:

DC-DC Boost and Buck/Boot Converter with Electrolyser and Fuel Cell

Abstract:   Now a day’s Electrical energy is the most important and powerful one used as large energy level. Fuel cell energy is used as alternate and non harmful energy source used in many applications. For this generation an Electrolyser is used to produce hydrogen through Electrolysis. Due to this Electrolysis H2 gas is produced and stored. This H2 gas is send to fuel cell and produce electricity whenever it is needed. This electrolyser is connected to an DC bus via a DC-DC boost converter.This boost converter give a constant voltage to Electrolyser even if there is any variation in DC bus voltage. A  Buck/Boost converter is used in between fuel cell and DC bus.This will Boost when the bus voltage is reduced and Buck the voltage if the bus votage is high.This type generation will not produce any harmful gases and hazard’s

   Electrolyser, Electrolysis, DC_DC boost converter, Buck/Boost s.


1.           Tsai-Fu Wu, Senior Member, IEEE, Chia-Ling Kuo, Kun-Han Sun, Yu-Kai Chen, Yung-Ruei Chang, Member, IEEE, and Yih-Der Lee, Member, IEEE  “Integration and Operation of a Single-Phase Bidirectional Inverter With Two Buck/Boost MPPTs for DC-Distribution Applications”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 28, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2013
2.           Application  Deepak S. Gautam, and Ashoka K.S. Bhat, Fellow, IEEE “A Two-Stage Soft-Switched Converter for Electrolyser”, Fifteenth National Power Systems Conference (NPSC), IIT Bombay, December 2008

3.           Emmanuel Zoulias1, Elli Varkaraki1, Nicolaos Lymberopoulos1, Christodoulos N. Christodoulou2 and George N.  Karagiorgis2 1 Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES), Pikermi, Greece 2 Frederick Research Center (FRC), Nicosia, Cyprus “A review on water       electrolysis”

4.           R. Samuel Rajesh Babu, Joseph Henry “A Comparison of Half Bridge &  Full Bridge Isolated DC-DC Converters for Electrolysis Application” International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE) ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-1, Issue-4, September 2011

5.           J. A. Sabate, V. Vlatkovic, R.B. Ridley, F.C. Lee and B.H. Cho, "Design      considerations for high voltage, high power,    full-bridge            ZVS PWM converters," IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conf., 1990, pp. 275-284.

6.           D.J. Shortt, W.T. Michael, R.L. Avert, and R.E. Palma, “A 600 W four stage phase-shifted parallel DC to DC converter,”, IEEE   Power Electronics Specialists Conf., 1985, pp. 136-143.

7.           V. Nguyen, J. Dhayanchand, and P. Thollot, “A multiphase topology series-resonant DC-DC converter,” in Proceedings of Power conversion International, 1985, pp. 45-53.

8.           D.S. Gautam and A.K.S. Bhat, “A comparison of soft-switched DC-to-       DC converters for Electrolyser application”, IEEE IICPE Conf. Record CD, Chennai, 2006.

9.           D. S. Gautam, “Soft-Switched DC-to-DC Converters for Power Conditioning of Electrolyser in a Renewable Energy System,” M.A.Sc Thesis, Dept. of ECE, University of Victoria, 2006.

10.        H. Bodur and A. F. Bakan, “A new ZVT-PWM DC-DC converter,”IEEE Trans. on Power Electr., vol. 17, no. 1, Jan. 2002, pp. 40-47.

11.        R. Streit and D. Tollik, “High efficiency telecom rectifier using a novel soft-switched boost based input current shaper”, IEEE INTELC Conf.  Record, 1991, pp.720-726.





Shubhangi Kolhe, Chaitrali Dhumal, Pratik Kumar, Achal Badgujar

Paper Title:

Image Encryption Using Reversible Data Hiding by Reserving Room before Encryption

Abstract:    This work proposes a novel scheme for reversible data hiding in encrypted images reserving room before encryption. In the first phase, a content owner performs the image partition and creates space for data accommodation and then encrypts the image using an encryption key. Then, a data-hider accommodates the data inside the image and hide it using data-hiding key to encrypt it. With an encrypted image containing additional data, if a receiver has the data-hiding key, he can extract the additional data though he does not know the image content. If the receiver has the encryption key, he can decrypt the received data to obtain an image similar to the original one, but cannot extract the additional data. If the receiver has both the data-hiding key and the encryption key, he can extract the additional data and recover the original content. The rapid development of data transfer through internet made it easier to send the data accurate and faster to the destination. There are many transmission media to transfer the data to destination like e-mails; at the same time it is may be easier to modify and misuse the valuable information through hacking. So, in order to transfer the data securely to the destination without any modifications, there are many approaches like cryptography and steganography. This project deals with the image steganography as well as with the different security issues, general overview of cryptography approaches and about the different steganography algorithms like Least Significant Bit (LSB) algorithm and blow fish algorithms. It also compares those algorithms in means of speed, accuracy and security.

encrypted image containing additional data, data-hiding key, modifications, cryptography and steganography, Least Significant Bit (LSB) algorithm. .


1.             Kede Ma, Weiming Zhang, Xianfeng Zhao, IEEE, Nenghai Yu, and Fenghua Li “Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Images by Reserving Room Before Encryption”,Mar 2013.
2.             Z. Ni, Y. Shi, N. Ansari, and S. Wei, “Reversible data hiding”,Mar. 2006.

3.             J. Tian, “Reversible data embedding using a difference expansion”,Aug. 2003.

4.             X. Zhang, “Separable reversible data hiding in encrypted image”,Apr. 2012.

5.             W. Puech, M. Chaumont and O. Strauss “A Reversible Data Hiding Method for Encrypted Images”2008 SPIE Digital Library.

6.             Wei Liu, Wenjun Zeng, Lina Dong, and Qiuming Yao, Efficient “Compression of Encrypted Grayscale Images”, April 2010.

7.             Masoud Nosrati Ronak Karimi Mehdi Hariri “Reversible Data Hiding:Principles, Techniques, and Recent Studies”,May 2012.

8.             T. Margaret “Reversible Data Hiding In Encrypted Images by XOR Ciphering Technique”, Feb 2014.

9.             Fameela. K. A, Reshma. V.K “A Secure Data Transmission by Embedding Marked Encrypted Image on Cloak Image ”,Mar-Apr 2014.

10.          Aparna Gopinath P.K, Grace John “A Review on Reversible Data Hiding Techniques”,May-Jun 2014.

11.          Deepthi C. “Highly Secured Reversible Data Hiding in AES Encrypted Images by Reserving Room before Encryption with Authentication”,May 2014.

12.          Sunita, Syeda Asra “Reversible Data Hiding For Embedding Data Securely in Encrypted Image by Reserving Room Before Encryption” IJEDR 2014.

13.          Harish G, Smitha Shekar B, Prajwal R, Sunil S Shetty “Reversible Data Hiding In Encrypted Images by Reserving Room before Encryption”,Jul 2014.

14.          Dipali P. Pethe , Tabassum Khan “A Reversible Data Hiding Scheme in Encrypted Image Using Concept of Reserving Room”,2014.

15.          Wei Liu, Wenjun Zeng, Lina Dong, and Qiuming Yao “Efficient Compression of Encrypted Grayscale Images”,2008.





S. Vimala, P. Usha Rani, J. Anitha Joseph

Paper Title:

A Hybrid Approach to Compress Still Images using Wavelets and Vector Quantization

Abstract:     This paper presents a hybrid technique for compression using Wavelet and Vector Quantization (VQ). Wavelet is a technique for representing the image into various degrees of resolution. The input image of size 256 *256 pixels is divided into 4 sub-bands named LL, HL, LH, HH by applying Discrete Wavelet Transform. Vector Quantization is then applied for the lower sub band (LL). The size of lower sub-band is 128*128 pixels. VQ is a lossy image compression technique used to have improved coding efficiency. In the proposed study, the different types of wavelets such as Haar Wavelet, Coiflet Wavelet, Symlet Wavelet, Daubechies Wavelet and Bioorthogonal Wavelet are applied to the input images and the respective lower bands are then subjected to Vector Quantization in the Encoding process. The compressed image is then transmitted or stored in the form of Codebook and the Index Map, which are the outcomes of VQ. In the decoding phase, an image of size 128 x 128 pixels is reconstructed from the stored/transmitted Codebook and Index map. The reconstructed image is then subjected to Inverse DWT to get an output image of size 256 x 256 pixels. Standard images such as Lena, Baboon, Boats, Bridge and Cameraman are used to test the performance of the proposed method. With all the wavelets, the proposed technique leads to better compression ratio without losing the visual effect.

 image compression, wavelet, vector quantization, haar, coiflet, symlet, daubechies, bioorthogonal.


1.              Sonal, Dinesh Kumar, “A Study of Various Image compression Technique”.
2.              Gaurav Vijayvargiyya, Dr.Sanjay Silakari , Dr. Rajeev Pandey, “A Survey: Various Techniques of Image Compression”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 11, No. 10, October 2013.

3.              Binit Amin, Patel Amrutbhai, “ Vector Quantization based Lossy  Image   Compression using Wavelets”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science Engineering and Technology

4.              S.Vimala, B.Abidha, P.Uma, “Multilevel Compression SchemeUsing  Vector Quantization for Image Compression”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol.03, No.06, Dec 2011.

5.              S.Vimala, “Convergence Analysis of Codebook Generation Techniques for Vector Quantization using K-Means clustering Techniques”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol.21, No.08, May 2011.

6.              Karen Lees, “Image Compression Using Wavelets”, May 2002.

7.              Amara Graps, “An introduction to Wavelets”.

8.              M.Sifuzzaman, M.R.Islam and MZ.Ali, “Application of  Wavelet Transform and its Advantages Compared to Furier Transform”, Journal of Physical Science, Vol.13, 2009, 121-134.

9.              Meenakshi  Chaudhary,  Anupma  Dhamija, “ A Brief Study of various Wavelet families And Compression Techniques”, Journal of Global Research in Computer Science, Vol. 4, No. .4, April 2013.

10.           K.Somasundaram   and   S.Vimala,   “A   Novel   Codebook Initialization Technique For Generalized Lloyd Algorithm Using Cluster Density”, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 02, No.05, 2010.

11.           Antonio R.C.Paiva and Armando J.Pinho, “Evaluation of some Reordering techniques For Image VQ Index Compression”.

12.           S.Vimala, B.Abidha, P.Uma, “Multilevel Compression Scheme  Using Vector Quantization for Image Compression”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol.03, No.06, Dec 2011.

13.           K.Somasundaram, S.Domnic, “Modified Vector Quantization  Method for Image Compression”, Proceedings of World Academy of    Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol.13, May 2006.





Sreeni K. G, Abhijith Joshi

Paper Title:

GPU based Cloth Simulation for Real Time Interaction using Multiple Haptic Interfaces

Abstract:      In this paper we propose a solution to the simulation of a real time deformable cloth for haptic interaction. The simulated environment consists of a deformable cloth, corners of which can be attached to a number of independent haptic devices through a client server mechanism. The users can feel the tensile force which is acting on the cloth due to its own weight through the haptic interface. A ball with a known mass is also rolled over the simulated cloth so as to effect an external force variation on the cloth. The cloth is modeled using a sufficiently dense mass spring model. A Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) is used at the server to speed up computation of cloth motion to make the computation time comparable with the haptic updation time of 1ms. We also use the environment as a possible gaming platform with several players interacting asynchronously using their respective haptics devices.

   Haptic rendering, Deformable object, GPU computation, CUDA, Parallelization.


1.           C. Basdogan, S. D. Laycock, and A. M. Day. 3-Digree of Freedom Haptic Rendering.
2.           S. Coquillart. Extended free-form deformation: a sculpturing tool for 3D geometric modeling. In SIGGRAPH’90, pages  187–196, NY, USA, 1990.

3.           D. d’Auliganc, R. Balaniuk, and C. Laugier. A haptic interface for a virtual exam of the human thigh. In Robotics and Automation, ICRA’00, pages 2452–2457, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 2000.

4.           Randima Fernando. GPU Gems: Programming Techniques, Tips and Tricks for Real-Time Graphics. Pearson Higher Education, 2004.

5.           William M. Hsu, John F. Hughes, and Henry Kaufman. Direct manipulation of free-form deformation. In Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH’92), pages 177–184, NY, USA, 1992.

6.           S. D. Laycock and A. M. Day. A survey of haptic rendering techniques. Computer Graphics Forum, 26(1):50–65, March 2007.

7.           J. Liu, M. Ko, and R. Chang. A simple self-collision avoidance for cloth animation. Computers and Graphics, 22:117–128, 1998.

8.           C. J. Luciano, P. P. Banerjee, and S. H. R. Rizzi. GPU-based elastic-object deformation for enhancement of existing haptic applications. In Proceedings of the 3rd Annual IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, Scottsdale,AZ, USA, September 2007.

9.           Jesper Mosegaard and Thomas Sangild Sorensen. GPU accelerated surgical simulators for complex morphology. In Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Conference 2005 on Virtual Reality, VR ’05, pages 147–154, 323, Washington, DC, USA, 2005. IEEE Computer Society.

10.        Hing N. Ng and R. L. Grimsdale. Computer graphics techniques for modeling cloth. IEEE Computer Graphics in Textiles and Apparel, 16:28–41, 1996.

11.        M. De Pascale, G. De Pascale, D. Prattichizzo, and F. Barbagli. A GPU-friendly method for haptic and graphic rendering of deformable objects. In Proceedings of EuroHaptics, pages 146–151, Munich Germany, June 5-7 2004.

12.        J. Kenneth Salisbury and Mandayam A. Srinivasan. Phantom-based haptic interaction with virtual objects. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 17(5):6–10, 1997.

13.        T. W. Sederberg and S. R. Parry. Free-form deformation of solid geometric models. In SIGGRAPH’86, pages 151–160, NY, USA, 1986.

14.        D. Terzopoulos and K. Waters. Physically-based facial modeling analysis, and animation. Visualization and Computer Animation, 1:73–80, 1990.

15.        Srensen T.S. and Mosegaard J. Haptic feedback for the GPU-based surgical simulator. In Proceedings of Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, pages 523–528., 2006.

16.        Witkin. An introduction to physically based modeling: Particle system dynamics. Technical report, School of Computer  Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 1997.

17.        Y. Zhuang and J. F. Canny. Haptic interaction with global deformations. In ICRA’00, pages 2428–2433, 2000.

18.        C.B. Zilles and J.K. Salisbury. A constraint-based god-object  method for haptic display. Intelligent Robots and Systems, IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, 3:3146, 1995.





Rittu Angu, R. K. Mehta

Paper Title:

Robust Stabilization of Single Area LFC Loop through Extended State Observer

Abstract:       An Extended State Observer (ESO) based design approach has been presented for a Load Frequency Control (LFC) loop of a single area. The design approach utilizes the full state feedback as well as an estimated signal for parameter uncertainty and disturbances due to load demand changes to form the control law. The ESO-based design approach is capable of estimating state as well as disturbances together in order to compensate system in presence of parameter uncertainty and disturbances due to load demand changes. The proposed design methodology achieves performance satisfying the specified stability margins.  The methodology  provides  a control over peak  values  of the frequency and control signal deviations which  may  be utilized  to  meet hardware  constraints. An illustrative example illustrates the effectiveness of the developed methodology. 

 Load frequency control, Control area, extended state observer, augmented system, MATLAB simulation.


1.           Olle l. Elgerd, Electric Energy Systems Theory; an introduction (2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc. 1982).
2.           K. Ogata, Modern Control Engineering (4th edition, Prentice Hall Inc. 2002).

3.           Gene F. Franklin,  David  Powell  and  Abbas  Emami-Naeini,  Feedback  Control  of  Dynamic  Systems  (4th  Edition, Pearsons  Education Inc. 2002).

4.           S.K. Goswami and K.Datta,  On  estimation  errors  in  linear  systems  due  to  parametric  variations,  Journal  of  the  institute  of engineers (India), vol. 86, Dec. 2005, p(s) 192.

5.           P. Kundur, Power System Stability and Control (McGraw Hill Inc. 1994).

6.           Prof. D.P. Kothari, Centre for Energy Studies on Automatic Generation Control, IIT Delhi, Lecture 24.

7.           R.K. Mehta, S.K. Goswami and K. Datta, An observer -based lateral autopilot for tail-controlled missiles,  IE(I) Journal-EL, Vol 88, sept. 2007, p(s): 17-22.

8.           Dr. R.K. Mehta and Rittu Angu, An Observer-Based Robust Load Frequency Control, proceeding on IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE) e-ISSN: 2278-1676,p-ISSN: 2320-3331, Volume 9, Issue 4 Ver. I (Jul – Aug. 2014), PP 23-31.

9.           Rittu Angu and Dr. R.K. Mehta, Robust Stabilization of AVR Loop through Extended Reduced-Order Observer, proceeding on International Journal of Emerging Science and Engineering (IJESE) ISSN: 2319–6378, Volume-3 Issue-2, December 2014.





Irshad Ahmed, Imran Iqbal

Paper Title:

Benchmarking of Buildings for Energy   Consumption in Pakistan

Abstract:    Pakistan suffers a continuous energy crisis and needs all out efforts to overcome this problem. The use of locally available renewable energy and energy conservation offers a viable solution to the energy crisis. As Pakistan consumes 50% of its primary energy in the building sector, and therefore, offers a huge potential for energy saving. This study estimates the energy consumption in buildings as a function of heating and cooling degree days for all climate zones of the country. Both components (weather independent and dependent) of the energy used in buildings are calculated using EnergyPlus software. Energy consumption is estimated both for conventional buildings and buildings built approximating Building Energy Code of Pakistan (BECP). The results show a huge reduction in energy consumption in BECP buildings. The paper also demonstrates how to calculate energy consumption in houses in all zones of Pakistan.   

   Building Energy Consumption, Cooling Degree Days, EnergyPlus Software, Heating Degree Days.


1.              Zaid Alahdad, Pakistan’s Energy Sector: From Crisis to Crisis–Breaking the Chain, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Islamabad, 2012, pp. 16.
2.              Pakistan Energy Yearbook 2012, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan, pp. 86.

3.              T. Ramesh, R. Prakash, K.K. Shukla, Life cycle energy analysis of buildings: An overview. Energy and Buildings, Volume 42, Issue 10, October 2010, Pages 1592–1600.

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6.              http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus  


8.              https://www.wikipedia.org, accessed on 2nd January 2015.


10.           http://www.pk.all.biz/floors-and-ceilings.





Ravi Kumar Sharma, Nikhil Narayan, Ankit Verma

Paper Title:

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Storage Techniques

Abstract:     - At the present day, Hydrogen is an especially attractive transportation fuel. It is the least polluting fuel available, and can be produced anywhere there is water and a clean source of electricity. A fuel cycle in which hydrogen is produced by solar-electrolysis of water, or by gasification of renewably grown biomass, and then used in a fuel-cell powered electric-motor vehicle (FCEV), would produce little or no local, regional, or global pollution. Hydrogen FCEVs would combine the best features of battery-powered electric vehicles (BPEVs) -- zero emissions, high efficiency, quiet operation and long life -- with the long range and fast refuelling time of internal-combustion-engine vehicles (ICEVs). If fuel-cell technology develops as hoped, then hydrogen FCEVs will be a significant advance over both hydrogen ICEVs and solar BPEVs: they will be cleaner and more efficient than hydrogen ICEVs, have a much shorter refuelling time than BPEVs, and have a lower lifecycle cost than both. Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles would be general-purpose zero-emission vehicles, and could be an important component of strategy for reducing dependence on imported oil, mitigating global warming, and improving urban air quality, at an acceptable cost. The only problem behind this technology is storage of hydrogen in on-board Vehicles.

    Hydrogen fuel cell, Connecting cells, Gas supply and cooling, Fuel cell types, Hydrogen storage.


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24.          Georgiev PA, Ross DK, De Monte A, Montaretto-Marullo U, Edwards RAH, Ramires-Cuesta AJ, Colognesi D. J Phys. Condens Matter 2004; 16: L 73-78

25.          Georgiev PA, RossDK, De Monte A, Montaretto-Marullo U, Edwards RAH, Ramirez-Cuesta AJ, AdamsMA Colognesi D. Carbon 2005 ; 43 : 895





D. Venugopal, A. Jayalaxmi

Paper Title:

Optimal Location of Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor Using Bat Algorithm

Abstract:  This paper proposes optimal location of FACTS devices in power system using Evolutionary algorithms. The location of FACTS controllers, their type and rated values are optimized simultaneously by using the proposed Algorithm. From the FACTS devices family, series device Thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) is considered. The proposed BAT algorithm is a very effective method for the optimal choice and placement of TCSC device to improve the performance of power systems. The proposed algorithm has been applied to IEEE 30 bus system.

     Thyristor controlled series capacitor, Flexible AC Transmission systems, BAT Algorithm.


1.           N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. Piscataway: IEEE Press, 1999.
2.           F. D. Galiana, K. Almeida, M. Toussaint, J. Griffin, and D. Atanackovic, “Assessment and control of the impact of FACTS devices on power system performance,” IEEE Trans. Power Systems, Vol. 11, No. 4, Nov. 1996.

3.           S. Gerbex, R. Cherkaoui, and A. J. Germond, "Optimal location of multi type FACTS devices in a power system by means of genetic algorithms," IEEE Trans.Power Systems, Vol. 16, pp. 537-544,2001.

4.           BaldickR,Kahn E, “Cotract paths,phase shifters and efficient electricity trade”,IEEE Transactionson Power Systems Vol.12,No.2,1997pp.749-75.

5.           Bladow j,Montoya A, “Experience with parallel EHV phase shifting Transformers”IEEETransactions on power delivery,1991,pp.1096-1100.

6.           Galiana G.D , “ Assesment and control of the impact of FACTS devices on power system performance”,IEEE Transactions on Power Systems,Vol.11,No.4,1996,pp.1931-1936.

7.           J.G.Singh, S.N.Singh and S.C.Srivastava, “Placement of FACTS controllers for enhancing FACTS controllers”,IEEE 2006 .

8.           B.Battaacharya,B.S.K.Goswami, “Optimal Placement of FACTS Devices using Genetic Algorithm for the increeased loadability of a power system”,World Academy Of Science and Technology ,2011.

9.           R.M.Mathur,R.K.Varma,Thyristor Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems, JohnWiley&Sons Inc.,2002.

10.        Enrique A, Fuerte –Esquivel,C.R.Perez,H.A.Camacho,FACTS Modelling and Simulation in Power Network”,John Wiley &Sons Ltd,2004.

11.        IEEE Special Stability Controls Working Group, “Static VAR Compensator Models for Power flow and Dynamic Performance simulation”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol.9, No.1, February 1994, pp 229-240.

12.        H.Ambriz-perez, E.Acha and C.R. Fuerte-Esquivel, “Advanced SVC models for Newton–Raphson load flow and Newton Optimal Power flow studies”, IEEE.

13.        L.J.Cay, I.Erlich, “Optimal choice and allocation of FACTS devices using Genetic Algorithms”, 2004.

14.        M.Saravanam, S.MaryRajaSlochanal, P.V.Venkatesh,Prince Stephen Abraham.J, “Application of PSO technique for optimal location of FACTS devices considering system loadability and cost of installation”In:Power Engineering Conference,716-721.

15.        P.Muskapun and P.Pongacharoenl, “ Solving MultiStage,Multi Machine Multi Product Scheduling Problem using Bat Algorithm”Proc.2nd International Conference on Management and Artificial Intelligence,Bangkok,Thailand,2012,pp.134-142 .

16.        James A.Momoh, M.E.El-Hawary, Rambabu Adapa, “A Review of Selected Optimal Power Flow Literature to 1993 Part-I: Non-linear and Quadratic Programming approaches”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No.1, February 1999, pp. 96-104.

17.        X.S.Yang, “New Metaheuristic Bat Insired Algorithm”,Nature inspired Cooperative Strategies forOptimization Studies in Computational Intelligence,Springer Berlin,2010,pp.65-74.





Gowher Mushtaq, Shashank Singh, Neeraj Kumar Tiwari

Paper Title:

To Study the Energy Efficient Deportments of Existing Attributes for Next Generation Network Infrastructures

Abstract:   The Survey on energy-efficient Green networking has begun to spread in the past few years, gaining increasing popularity.  With the rapid development of new and innovative applications for mobile devices like smartphones, approaches in battery technology have not retained momentum with promptly arising energy utilization demands. Thus energy utilization has becomes one of the major and fundamental issue for smartphone devices. In order meet the demanding s of saving energy, it is analytical to study and survey the energy utilization of applications on smartphones. In this study we will try to survey the energy efficient networking to find out and study existing smartphone attributes for the next generation network infrastructures.

 Attributes, Energy Utilization, Next Generation, Smartphones,  Applications


1.             Mauro De Sanctis, Ernestina Cianca, Viraj Joshi, “Energy Efficient Wireless Networks Towards Green Communications”,59:537–552,DOI10.1007/s11277-011-0244-4, Wireless Pers Commun (2011).
2.             And He, Ashwin Amanna, Thomas Tsou, Xuetao Chen, Dinesh Datla, Joseph Gaeddert, Timothy R. Newman, S.M. Shajedul Hasan, Haris I. Volos, Jeffery H. Reed, and Tamal Bose, “Green Communications: A Call for Power Efficient Wireless Systems”, Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA, Journal of Communications, vol. 6, no. 4, July 2011.

3.             Daquan Feng, Chenzi Jiang, Gubong Lim, Leonard J. Cimini, Jr “A Survey of Energy-Efficient Wireless Communications” IEEE communications surveys & tutorials, vol. 15, no. 1, first quarter 2013.

4.             Tao Zhang, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau, Jia Zhou “Consumers perception on mobile phone attributes” Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Vanderbilt University, TN 37211, USA. 2011.

5.             Vida Owusu-Prempeh, Cosmos Antwi-Boateng, Samuel Yeboah Asuamah “what are the important attributes in the purchase of mobile phones? The case of marketing students in Sunyani polytechnic, Ghana, west Africa,” IJRFM Volume 3, (ISSN 2231-5985) Issue 5 (May2013).

6.             Yu Takamatsu, Weihua Sun, Yukiko Yamauchi, Keiichi Yasumoto, and Minoru Ito “Energy Aware Cooperative Download Method among Bluetooth Ready Mobile Phone Users”. 2012.

7.             Min Goo Lee, Yong Kuk Park, Kyung Kwon Jung, June Jae Yoo “Android Platform based Power Consumption Monitoring System” 2012.

8.             Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez and Jon Crowcroft, Fellow, “Energy Management Techniques in Modern Mobile Handsets” IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Accepted for Publication 2012.

9.             Fangwei Ding, Feng Xia, Wei Zhang, Xuhai Zhao, Chengchuan Ma “Monitoring Energy Consumption of Smartphones” School of Software, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116620, China.





Ankit Verma, C. Thamotharan, Ravi Kumar Sharma

Paper Title:

Evaluation of Engine Performance and Emissions of a Twin Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel and Ethanol Blends

Abstract:    A comprehensive study on the fuel mixture containing ethanol and bio-diesel as an alternative fuel has been carried out. This report deals with the exhaust emission of bio-diesel on twin cylinder diesel engine. The objectives of this report are to analyse the fuel consumption and the emission characteristic of a twin cylinder diesel engine that are using bio-diesel obtained from Jetropha plant seeds compared to usage of ordinary diesel that are available in the market. This report describes the setups and the procedures for the experiment which is to analyse the emission characteristics and fuel consumption of diesel engine due to usage of the both fuels. Detail studies about the experimental setup and components have been done before the experiment started. Data that are required for the analysis is observed from the experiments. Calculations and analysis have been done after all the required data needed for the thesis is obtained. The experiment used diesel engine with no load conditions. A four stroke Twin cylinder diesel engine was adopted to study the brake thermal efficiency, brake specific energy consumption, mechanical efficiency, brake power, volumetric efficiency, indicated thermal efficiency and emissions at full load with the fuel of fraction ethanol in bio-diesel. In this study, the diesel engine was tested using ethanol blended with bio-diesel at certain mixing ratios of (B:E)- 75:25, 70:30 ethanol to bio-diesel respectively with the addition of diesel additive available in the store for trouble free starting. By the end of the report, the successful of the project have been started which is Kirloskar engine is able to run with bio-diesel blend but the engine needs to run by using diesel fuel first, then  followed by bio-diesel blend and finished with diesel fuel as the last fuel usage before the engine turned off. The performance of the engine using blended fuel compared to the performance of engine with diesel fuel. Experimental results of blended fuel and diesel fuel are also compared.

 Alternative fuels, Biodiesel- Ethanol blend (BE-blend), Diesel, Ethanol, Performance, Emissions.


1.          Xiaoyan Shia, Xiaobing Panga, Yujing Mua, Hong Hea, Shijin Shuaib, Jianxin Wangb, Hu Chenb, Rulong Lib, “Emission reduction potential of using ethanol–biodiesel–diesel fuel blend on a heavy-duty diesel engine” www.elsevier.com/locate/atmosenv Elsevier Ltd. Received 6 September 2005; received in revised form 25
November 2005; accepted 7 December 2005

2.          Prommes Kwanchareona, Apanee Luengnaruemitchaia,*, Samai Jai-Inb, “Solubility of a diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blend, its fuel properties and its emission characteristics from diesel engine” The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand  Received 6 June 2006; received in revised form 25 September 2006; accepted 28 September 2006

3.          Nadir Yilmaz*, “Comparative analysis of biodiesel-ethanol -diesel and Biodiesel-methanol-diesel blends in a diesel engine” www.elsevier.com/locate/energy 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

4.          Yage Dia b, C. S. Cheunga & Zuohua Huangb, “Comparison of the Effect of Biodiesel-Diesel and Ethanol-Diesel on the Particulate Emissions of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine” http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uast20, Published online: 25 Feb 2009

5.          S. Fernando*, M. Hanna, “Development of a Novel Biofuel Blend Using Ethanol-Biodiesel-Diesel Microemulsions: EB-Diesel” Energy & Fuels2004,18, 1695-1703 10.1021© 2004 American Chemical Society Published on Web 09/24/2004 Received June 7, 2004.

6.          Nubia M. Ribeiro, Angelo C. Pinto, Cristina M. Quintella, Gisele O. da Rocha, O Leonardo S. G. Teixeira, Lı´lian L. N. Guarieiro, Maria do Carmo Rangel, Marcia C. C. Veloso, Michelle J. C. Rezende, Rosenira Serpa da Cruz, Ana Maria de Oliveira, Ednildo A. Torres, and Jailson B. de Andrade*, The Role of Additives for Diesel and Diesel Blended (Ethanol or Biodiesel), Fuels Energy & Fuels, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2007

7.          M. Al-Hassan , H. Mujafet  and M. Al-Shannag, “An Experimental Study on the Solubility of a Diesel-Ethanol Blend and on the Performance of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel-Biodiesel - Ethanol Blends” Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Volume 6, Number 2, April 2012 ISSN 1995-6665 Pages 147 – 153.

8.          Najafi and T. F Yusaf, “Experimental investigation of using methanol-diesel blended fuels in diesel engine” International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications January 12-14, 2009, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

9.          C. Mishra, N. Kumar, B.S. Chauhan, H.C Lim, M. Padhy, “Some Experimental Investigation on use of Methanoland Diesel Blends in a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine” International Journal of Renewable Energy Technology Research (IJRETR) Vol. 2, No. 1, PP: 01 -16, January 2013, ISSN: 2325-3924.

10.       Renique J. Murray , Sharaaz Hosein  and  Solange Kelly, “An Investigation of Methanol-Coconut Oil Fuel Blends in Diesel Engines for Caribbean Power Generation Using Bio-diesel as a Co-solvent” The West Indian Journal of Engineering Vol.34, Nos.1/2, January 2012, pp.52-58, ISSN 0511-5728.

11.       Shi, X., Yu, Y., He, H., Shuai, S., Wang, J., Li, R., 2005. Emission characteristics using methyl soyate–ethanol–diesel fuel blends on a diesel engine. Fuel 84, 1543–1549.





Gummadi Yamini, KVRS Santhosh, P. Chandrasekhar

Paper Title:

A Novel Micro Strip Fractal Fork Antenna for Digital Broadcasting Applications

Abstract:     The design of a novel microstrip fractal fork antenna with parasitic patch and double substrate layers for Broad Casting applications has been proposed. The proposed antenna can be used in military satellite communications, weather monitoring, air traffic control, terrestrial broadband, and amateur radio. The antenna’s dimensions are 40mm*40mm*2.3mm. The antenna has shown a return loss of -50.89dB at 9.54GHz. Far field pattern is calculated at 9.54GHz. The entire simulation is done using CST Microwave Studio.

    Antenna, Broad Casting applications, far field pattern, fork, fractal, micro strip and return loss.


1.           H.Yoon, H. Kim, et.al, “Design of triangular slot antenna for triple-band (2.4/5.2/5.8 GHz) antenna with fork-like tuning stub”, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, volume 49, issue 7, 1561-1565, July, 2007.
2.           M.N.Shakib, M.Moghavvemi, et.al, “Design of a compact tuning fork-shaped notched ultrawideband antenna for wireless communication application”, The Scientific World Journal, Article ID 874241, 2014.

3.           G. Deschamps  and  W. Sichak,  “Micro strip microwave antennas” ,  Proceedings of Third Symp. on USAF Antenna Research and Development Program, 1953.

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6.           David M. Pozar, “Microwave engineering”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Fourth Edition, 2011.
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8.           Mathew M. Radmanesh, “Advanced RF & microwave circuit design: The ultimate guide to superior design”, Author House, 2009.

9.           Roger L Freeman, “Fundamentals of telecommunications”, John Wiley & Sons, Second Edition.

10.        Satish Kumar Sharma, et.al, “Investigation of wide-band microstrip slot Antenna”, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, Volume 52., issue 3, March  2004.

11.        Qinjiang Rao, et.al, “A new aperture coupled microstrip slot antenna”, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, Volume 53, issue  9, September 2005.

12.        Sunil Kumar Rajgopal, et.al, “Investigations on ultra wideband pentagon shape micro strip slot antenna for wireless communications”, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation,  Volume  57,  issue  5 , May  2009.

13.        Huda A. Majid, et.al, “Frequency-reconfigurable microstrip patch-slot antenna”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Volume 12, 2013.

14.        P. Tilanthe, et.al, “A monopole microstrip antenna with enhanced dual band rejection for UWB applications”, PIER B, Volume 38, 315-331, 2012.

15.        Computer Simulation Technology, CST studio suite 2010.

16.        D. C. Kulkarni and V. Puri, “Perturbations of EMC micro strip patch antenna for permittivity and permeability measurements”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Volume 8, 63–72, 2009.

17.        Wu.F., “Brief introduction of EMC measuring antenna. Safety and EMC”, 2007.

18.        Junshen Yu, et.al,  “Study of an ultra-wideband planar elliptical dipole antenna”, University of posts and telecommunication Beijing China, university of London UK, Microwave Technology and Computational Electromagnetics, 2009.

19.        M.A.Peyrot-solis, Mexico.M, et.al,  “Orthogonal Ultra wideband Planar Antenna for EMC Studies”, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic Ecology, 2007.

20.        Xiaodong Chen, Lu Guo, et.al, “On the Performance of UWB Monopole Antennas”, IEEE International Conference, 24-26, Sept.2007.

21.        Koledintseva, M. Y. and A. A. Kitaitsev, “Analysis of interaction between a crystallographically uniaxial ferrite resonator and a hall-effect transducer,” Progress in electromagnetics research, volume 74, 1–19, 2007.

22.        Wong, K. L., W. S. Chen, and W. L. Huang, “The absorption and coupling of an electromagnetic wave incident on a micro strip circuit with superstrate,” IEEE. transactions on electromagnetic compatibility, Volume 34, 17–22, 1992.





P. Gowtham Kumar, Chinnarappa Gari Raghava Reddy, P. Chandrasekhar

Paper Title:

Study on Triple-Band Fork Shaped Microstrip Antenna

Abstract:      In this paper, new Fork shaped microstrip patch antenna is designed to be operated in X-band and is used in applications like radar and in satellite communications. The dimensions of the ground plane, substrate and patch are (40 x 40) mm, (40 x 40) mm and (20 x 20) mm respectively. Copper annealed is used as the ground plane and also as the patch, the substrate is FR4 (lossy) material. The proposed antenna has the return loss of -34.064083dB, -27.912185dB and -24.539951dB at the operating frequencies of 11.352GHz, 10.04GHZ and 8.4682GHzrespectively. The directivities of the proposed antenna are 9.227dBi, 8.802dBi and 7.010dBi at respective frequencies of 11.352GHz, 10.04GHz and 8.4682GHZ. The results are simulated in CST Studio Suite software.

     Antenna, Alchemy Ferment patch, Directivity, Multiband, Return Loss and VSWR.


1.             Constantine A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Second Edition, 1997.
2.             Omar Noori, Jalel Chebil and et.al, “Design and Analysis of Triple-Band Microstrip Patch Antenna with h-shaped Slots”, International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, 3-5 July 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

3.             Md. Tanvir Ishtaique-ul Huque , Md. Kamal Hosain  and et.al, “Design and Performance Analysis of Microstrip Array Antennas with Optimum Parameters for X-band Applications,” (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2011.

4.             N.A. Zainuddin, Z. Zakaria and et.al, “Investigation of Meander Slots to Microstrip Patch Antenna”, IEEE International Conference on RFID Technologies and Applications, 4 – 5 September, 2013, Johor Bahru, Malaysia .

5.             Amit A. Deshmukh, M.Mansi, A.Amrita  and K. P. Ray,” Broadband Proximity fed Equilateral Traingular Microstrip Antenna,” 2012 International Conference on Advances in Computing and Communications.

6.             Z. Faiza, M.T. Ali and et.al, “Design of Reconfigurable Dual-Band E-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna”, International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, 5-7 July 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

7.             Trupti Ingale , Chaitali Ingale and  et.al, “ Effect of Different Substrate Material on Performance of H Shaped Patch Antenna”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 11, November 2014.

8.             Thana Pakkiam .K, JS. Mandeep and M.T Islam, “Design of Microstrip Antenna for Modern Wireless Communication”, 1st IEEE International Symposium on Telecommunication Technologies.

9.             Ritu, Krishan Sherdia, “Microstrip Antenna Design for UWB Applications,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 10, October 2013.





Kamal Hajari

Paper Title:

Improving Iris Recognition Performance using Local Binary Pattern and Combined RBFNN

Abstract:  Biometric is constantly evolving technology due toincreased concerns in security. It exploits discriminable behavioral or physiological characteristics to identify a legitimate individual. The physiological features like DNA, Iris, Retina, Palm print, face, Ear, Fingerprint and Hand geometry etc. are being extensively used as biometric features to discriminate among different individuals. Iris recognition is a challenging problem, because iris is distinct and intrinsic organ, which is externally visible and yet secured one. It is well protected by the eyelid and the cornea from environmental damage. Our primary focus is to develop reliable system and increase the iris recognition rate on CASIA iris dataset. In this paper, a novel texture features are derived from iris images using histogram of Local Binary Pattern (LBP) and the Neural Network based classifier, namely Radial basis function networks is implemented for classification. Before feature extraction, pre-processing of iris images is performed including iris localization, Segmentation and Normalization. The proposed system give high recognition rate of 93.5% on CASIA iris dataset compared with other methods.

 Local Binary Pattern, Radial basis Neural Network Classifier, CASIA, Histograms.


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3.           J. Daugman, “How iris recognition works”, IEEE Trans. On Ccircuits and Systems for Video technology, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 21 – 30, Jan. 2004.

4.           P. Richard, Wildes, “Iris Recognition: An Emerging Biometric Technology”, Proc. of the IEEE Int’l conf. on image processing, vol. 85, no. 9, sept. 1997.

5.           L. Masek, A. Kumar, “Comparison and Combination of Iris Matchers for Reliable Personal Authentication”, Science Direct Pattern Recognition, vol. 43, pp. 1016-1026, 2010.

6.           K. Jain,  A. Ross, “Biometrics: A Grand Challenge”, IEEE  Conf. on Pattern  Recognition , Cambridge, UK, vol. 2, pp. 935–942, 23 Aug. 2004.

7.           Peng-Fei Zhang, Qiu-Ming Li, “Research on Iris image processing algorithm”, Proc. of the 4th Int’l Conf. on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Guangzhou, pp.
18-21, Aug. 2005.

8.           L. Flom and A. Safir, “Iris Recognition System”, US Patent 4641394, 1987.

9.           L. Tisse, L. Torres and R. Michel, “Person Identification Technique using Human Iris Recognition”, Proc. of  Int’l Conf. on Visual Interference, HongKong, China, pp. 294–299, 2002.

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11.        Sanchez-Avila  and R. Sanchez-Reillo, “Two Different Approaches for Iris Recognition using Gabor filters and Multiscale zero-crossing Representation”, Pattern Recognition Letters, Elsevier, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 231–240, 2005.

12.        Rathgeb, A. Uhl, and P. Wild, Iris Biometrics: From Segmentation to Template Security: Springer, 2013.

13.        Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences. CASIA iris image database, 2004. http://www.sinobiometrics.com

14.        S. Shah and A. Ross, "Iris Segmentation Using Geodesic Active Contours," IEEE Transactions on Information    Forensics and Security (TIFS), Vol. 4, Issue 4, pp. 824 836, December 2009.

15.        Ross and S. Shah, "Segmenting Non-ideal Irises Using Geodesic Active Contours," Proc. of Biometrics Symposium (BSYM), (Baltimore, USA), September 2006.

16.        J. Daugman, “Statistical Richness of Visual Phase Information: Update on Recognition Persons by Iris Pattern,” International Journal on Computer Vision, Netherlands, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 25-38, 2001.

17.        L. Masek, “Recognition of Human Iris Patterns for Biometrics Identification”, B.E. thesis, School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, 2003.

18.        Sulochana Sonkamble and Ravindra Thool, “Efficient Feature Extraction Methodology using Wavelet Transform for the Development of Person Identification System using Iris Biometrics”,  Journal of Computer Science, vol.7, no. 9,  pp.1353-1357, 2011.

19.        U. Gawande, M. Zaveri, and A. Kapur , “Improving Iris Recognition Accuracy by Score Based Fusion Method ” , International Journal of Advancements in Technology (IJAT), vol. 1 , no. 1 , June , 2010.

20.        H. Jin, Q. Liu, H. Lu, and X. Tong, “Face detection using improved LBP under Bayesian framework,” in Proc Int. Conf. Image Graph., 2004, pp. 306–309.

21.        M. Pietik¨ainen, T. Ojala, and Z. Xu, “Rotation-pnvariant texture classification using feature distributions,” Pattern Recog., vol. 33, pp. 43–52, 2000.

22.        P. Manikandan and M. Sundararajan, “Discrete Wavelet Features Extraction for iris recognition based biometric security”, International Journal of Electronic Engineering Research, vol. 2, no. 2 , pp. 237-241,2010.

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26.        Mayank Vatsa, Richa Singh, Afzel Noore,” Improving Iris Recognition Performance Using Segmentation, Quality Enhancement, Match Score Fusion, and Indexing”, IEEE transactions on systems, man, and cybernetics—part b: cybernetics, vol. 38, no. 4, august 2008 26..





AbdulQader S. Najmi, Razan H. Marahlah

Paper Title:

Swimmer Bars as Shear Reinforcement in Reinforced Concrete Flat Slabs

Abstract:   Punching shear failure takes the form of a truncated pyramid or truncated cone. A counteract steel cage truncated pyramid using swimmer bars will generate four inclined planes intercepting at perpendicular angles approximately the four inclined planes of the failure The swimmer bars themselves are a new type of shear reinforcement; these are short inclined bars welded to the steel rectangles forming the base and the top of the truncated steel cage pyramid. The number of steel cages needed depends on the thickness of the concrete plate, the grade of the concrete, and the size of the punching shear force. The results obtained from testing proved the effectiveness of this new system. The slope of swimmer bars may be used an extra parameter to force more than one steel cage truncated pyramid to resist punching shear force. The number of truncated pyramid-crack interceptor may be increased for heavy punching shear forces. The main advantage of this new system will enable the designers to use slabs with uniform economical thickness.

Keywords: Punching shear, swimmer bars, truncated pyramid, truncated cones.


1.                 Robert Park and William L.  Gamble, (2000), ″Reinforced Concrete Slabs″, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN: 978-0-471-34850-4.
2.                 Wight, James K. and Macgregor, James G. Mac, (2005),  ″Reinforced  Concrete  Mechanics  and  Design″ 4th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA, ISBN-13:978-0132176521.

3.                 ACI, Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318M-11) - Metric Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary, an AC Standard and Commentary, 2011.http://www.concrete.org/pubs/newpubs/318M11.htm .

4.                 Asha, N. , Al-Nasra, M. , Najmi, A. , “Optimizing the Use of Swimmer Bars as Shear Reinforcement in the Reinforced Concrete Beams”, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, November 2012, Pages 313-320, ISSN 0976-4399, DOI: 10.6088/ijcser.201203013030.

5.                 AL-Nasra, M., Najmi, A., Duweib, I., “Effective Use of Space Swimmer Bars in Reinforced Concrete Flat Slabs”, International  Journal  of  Civil and Structural Engineering, Feb., 2013, ISSN: 2277-9655.

6.                 AL-Nasra, M., Duweib, I., Najmi, A., “The Use of Pyramid Swimmer Bars as Punching Shear Reinforcement in Reinforced Concrete Flat Slabs”, Journal of Civil Engineering Research 2013, 3(2): 75-80, DOI: 10.5923/j.jce.201303.





Ananthakrishnan V.K, R. Vignesh Kumar, C. Jagadeesh Vikram, C. Thamotharan

Paper Title:

Design and Fabrication of Black Box for Automobiles

Abstract:    The research paper is been developed in order to record informational data, such as engine, vehicle speed and its temperature, etc. to revolutionize the field of motor vehicle accident investigation. It can be also used for vehicle mapping and accident alert with the help of GPS and GSM technology. This paper is designed with the use of embedded systems. Embedded systems are playing important role in our lives every day, even though they might not necessarily be visible. An embedded system can be defined as a control system or computer system designed to perform a specific task and also be defined as a single purpose computer. Some of the embedded systems we use every day are menu control system on television, the timer in a microwave oven and so on with some amount of intelligence built-in. An embedded system contains at least one microprocessor which performs the logic operations for the system. Many embedded systems use one or more microcontrollers, in the type of microprocessor that emphasizes self-sufficiency and cost-effectiveness, instead of a general-purpose microprocessor. A typical microcontroller contains sufficient memory and interfaces for simple applications. This device is  used to identify that flow of information at the near-crash situation the information so obtained are of immense use to diagnose the causes of impending accident that gives subtle information for a crime investigation. Also with the introduction of this novel designs there is an ample scope to distinguish the erring drivers from the rest. Presently the most manufacturers of automobiles have introduced a good number of safety devices and in conjunction with safety devices, this device articulated by the present researcher may complements the entire safety mechanism thoroughly. In India the introduction of this device in the novel and innovative attempt by the researcher.

 Vehicle Black box technology, GPS tracking device, Microcontroller, Data storage device.


1.           Melgard .TE, G.Lachapelle and H.Gehuer, "GPS Signal Availability in an Urban area- Receiver Performance Analysis", IEEE, 1994, pp.1-3.
2.           Grewal et al., Global Positioning Systems, Inertial Navigation and Integration, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001, p.56.

3.           Daesik Ko and Hwase Park, "A design of the Intelligent   Black-Box using Mining Algorithm", InternationalJournal of Smart Home, Vol.6, No.2, April 2012, pp1-4.

4.           C.Jagadeesh Vikram, “An Implementation of Crash Data  Automatic Monitoring System (CDAMS) in Automobiles, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IJME), ISSN 2319-2240, Vol. 2, Issue 1,   Feb 2013, 103-110 © IASET

5.           P.Ajay Kumar Reddy, P.Dileep Kumar et al., “Blackbox for Vehicles” International Journal of Engineering Inventions, and ISSN: 2278-7461, www.ijeijournal.com, Volume 1, Issue 7(October2012) PP: 06-12

6.           Dae Geun Lee, Se Myoung Jung , Myoung Seob Lim, ―System on Chip design of Embedded Controller for Car Black Box‖, Intelligent Vehicles Symposium IEEE, Istanbul, 13-15 June 2007, pp 1174-1177, Print ISBN : 1-4244-1067-3, DOI : 10.1109/IVS.2007.4290277.

7.           Liewei Jiang, Chunxuan Yu, ―Design and Implementation of Car Black Box Based on Embedded System‖, International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, Wuhan, 25-27 June 2010, pp 3537 –3539, Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-6880-5, DOI: 10.1109/iCECE.2010.860.

8.           Chulhwa Hong, Truong Le, Kangsuk Chae, and Souhwan Jung, ―Evidence Collection from Car Black Boxes using Smartphones‖, IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, Las Vegas, NV, pp 836 – 837, Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-8789-9, DOI : 10.1109/CCNC.2011.5766619.

9.           Lilia Filipova-Neumann, Peter Welzel, ―Reducing asymmetric information in insurance markets: Cars with black boxes‖, Telematics and Informatics, 2010, pp 394-403, DOI: 10.1016/j.tele.2010.03.003.

10.        Dheeraj Pawar, Pushpak Poddar, ―Car Black Box with Speed Control in Desired Areas for Collision Avoidance‖, ETASR - Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 2012, pp 281-284, Vol. 2.

11.        http://www.wikipedia.com





R. Vignesh, R. Vignesh Kumar, Ananthakrishnan V.K, C. Thamotharan

Paper Title:

Mechanical Characteristics and Analysis of Composite Leaf Spring Reinforced With Aluminum

Abstract:     The objective of this paper is to present a composite material as an alternative to conventional steel leaf spring. The subject gives a brief look on the suitability of composite leaf spring on vehicles and their advantages. Efforts have been made to replace the composite leaf spring to that of steel leaf spring, without affecting the properties and strength. Modeling and analysis is carried by CATIA V5 and static analysis of a 3D model is performed in ANSYS 13.0 software.The design constraints are stress and deflection. The result shows that composite leaf spring reinforced with aluminium has better strain energy storage capacity suitable for suspension and large displacement which increase the failure duration than the conventional steel leaf spring.

 composite, glass fiber, aluminum, leaf spring, stress, strain


1.              V.Pozhilarasu and T Parameshwaran pillai, Performance analysis of steel leaf spring and fabrication of composite leaf spring, Intenational journal of engineering research and science & technology, Volume 2,No. 3,2013.
2.              Nisar S. Shaikh ,S.M. Rajmane , Modelling and analysis of suspension system of Tata Sumo by using composite material under static load condition by using FEA, Intenational journal of engineering trends and technology, 12(2), 2014.

3.              Parkhe Ravindra and Sanjay Belkar,A, Performance Analysis of Carbon Fiber with Epoxy Resin Based Composite Leaf Spring, International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology, 14, 2014.

4.              M.Venketesan , D.Helmen Devraj, Design and analysis of composite leaf spring in light vehicle, International journal of modern engineering and research, 2(1),2012.

5.              M.Ragavendra, Syed Altaf Hussian, V. Pandurangadu, K.PaliniKumar, Modelling and analysis of laminated composite leaf spring under static load condition by using FEA,  International journal of modern engineering and research, 2(4), 2012.

6.              Patunkar .M, Dolas D.R, Modelling and Analysis of Composite Leaf Spring under the Static Load Condition by using FEA, International Journal of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, 1(1), 2011.





S. V. Patil, M. M. Sutar, P. R. Panari, A. A. Magar, G. S. Nakate

Paper Title:

Callback Authentication: A User Authentication Technique for Better Security

Abstract:     a user can get access to its account only by means of username and password in this sense the security of user account is only dependent on the password of user. Hence it is important that user should keep his/her password confidential. In many systems people select their username and text passwords when registering accounts on a website. The matter becomes worse when users would choose easy-to-remember passwords (i.e., weak passwords) even if they know the passwords might be unsafe. Therefore, it is important to take human factors into consideration when designing a user authentication protocol. In “callback authentication system” the user's registered cell phone number has been efficiently used for user authentication

   Call, Status, Authentication.


1.          “OTP: A User Authentication Protocol Resistant to Password Stealing and Password Reuse Attacks” by Hung-Min Sun, Yao-Hsin Chen and Yue-HsunLin proceeding IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECURITY, September 21, 2011.
2.          A Survey on Password Security Systems” by Ms. A. G. Khairnar ¹, Prof. N. L. Bhale [International Journal of Electronics and Computer Science Engineering]

3.          oPass: A User Authentication Protocol Resistant toPassword Stealing and Password Reuse Attacks[IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECURITY, VOL. 7, NO. 2, APRIL 2012]by Hung-Min Sun, Yao-Hsin Chen, and Yue-Hsun Lin.

4.          A Perrig and D. Song, “Hash visualization: A new technique to improve real- world security,” in Proc. Int.Workshop Cryptographic TechniquesE-Commerce, Citeseer, 1999, pp.   131–138.

5.          S. Gawand E. W. Felten, “Password management strategies for online accounts,” in SOUPS ’06: Proc. 2nd Symp. Usable Privacy. Security,New York, 2006, pp. 44–55, ACM.

6.          D. Florencio and C. Herley, “A large-scale study of web password habits,” in WWW ’07: Proc. 16th Int. Conf. World Wide Web., New York, 2007, pp. 657–666, ACM





Attipalli Avinash, Tarik Eltaeib

Paper Title:

The Selection of Mesh in Networks

Abstract:      The mesh network structure is vastly implemented in Multi-computers and networks for parallel and distributed computing. In mesh network each computer or processor have maximum of four neighbors. This kind of architecture is implemented in dedicated supercomputers. But, the problem occurs when it comes to the practical implementation in networks. In networks each computer is connected to each other. In this we implement an algorithm to make the mesh network more efficient. The efficient mesh structure is possible in between the best nodes in a network. The proposed algorithm in this mesh network is AGMS ie., Adaptation Genetic Algorithm.

    AGAMS algorithm, cost of link, topology.


1.              S. B. Yoo and C. R. Das , “A Fast and Efficient Processor Allocation Scheme for Mesh-Connected Multi-computers”, IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 51, January 2002.
2.              J. Kim, C. R. Das and W. Lin, “A Top-Down Processor Allocation Scheme for Hypercube Computers”, IEEE Trans. on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol. 2, January 1991.

3.              S.  M.  Yoo,  H.  Y.  Youn  and  B.  Shirazi,  “An  Efficient Allocation Scheme for 2D Mesh Architectures”,IEEE Trans. on  Parallel  and  Distributed  Systems.,  vol.  8,  September 1997.

4.              D. D. Sharma and D. K. Pradhan, “A Fast and Efficient Strategy for Submesh Allocation in Mesh-Connected Parallel Computers”,  Proc.  5th  IEEE  Symp.  on  Paral.  and  Distr. Proc., 1993.

5.              Y. Y. Yang and J. C. Wang, “Pipelined All-to-All Broadcast  in  All-Port  Meshes  and  Tori”, IEEE  Trans.  on Computers, vol. 50, October 2001.

6.              D.  Das,  M.  De   and  B.  P.  Sinha,  “A  New  Network Topology  with  Multiple  Meshes”,  IEEE  Trans.  on Computers, vol. 48, May 1999.

7.              T.  Liu,  F.  W.  Huang,  Lombardi  and  L.  N.  Bhuyan,  “A Submesh  Allocation  Scheme  for  Mesh-Connected Multiprocessor  Systems”, Parallel  Processing,  1995,  pp. 159-163.

8.              D.  Lisowski  and  L.  Koszalka,  “Fast  and  Efficient Processor  Allocation  Algorithms  for  Mesh-Connected Multicomputers”, Proc.  of  16th  Intern.  Conf.  on  Systems Engineering, vol. 2, Coventry, 2003, pp. 231-235.

9.              M.  De,  D.  Das   and  B.  P.  Sinha,  “An  Efficient Sorting Algorithm  on  the  Multi-Mesh  Network”, IEEE  Trans.  on Computers, vol. 46, October 1997.

10.           L.  O.  Zhang,  “Fault-Tolerant  Meshes  with  Small Degree”, IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 51, May 2002.

11.           D.  Lisowski  and  I.  Pozniak-Koszalka,  “Efficiency Analysis for Task Allocation Algorithms in Mesh Networks”, Sci.  Report, Faculty of Electronics,  WUT,  July  2004  (in Polish).

12.           Karbowski,  A.,  and  E.  Niewiadomska, Parallel  and Distributed Computing, WUT, 2001 (in Polish).

13.           Agarwal,  “The MIT Alewife Machine: Architecture and Performance”, Computer Architecture,1995, pp. 2-13.

14.           http://www.hp.com.

15.           http://www.top500.org.

16.           http://www.beowulf.org.

17.           http://www.gomez.com.

18.           http://www.seti.org.

19.           Davis,  L.,  Handbook  of  Genetic  Algorithms,  Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1991.

20.           Michalewicz, Z.,Genetic Algorithms + Data Structure = Evolution Programs, Springer Verlag, New York, 2001.

21.           M.  Gen.  and  Cheng  R., Genetic  Algorithms  and Engineering Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999.

22.           K. T. Ko and S. Kwong , “Using Genetic Algorithms to Design Mesh Networks”, Computer, vol. 30, August 1997.

23.           Kasprzak, A., Design of Wide Area Networks,Wyd. Pol. Wroc., Wroclaw, 1999 (in Polish).

24.           L.  Koszalka, D.  Lisowski  and  I.  Pozniak-Koszalka, “Comparison  of  Task  Allocation  Algorithms  for  MeshStructured  Networks”, Lecture  Notes  in  Computer  Science, 3886, Springer, 2006, pp. 21-30.





Rahul Patel, Ramji Tripathi, Sukhdev Gangwar

Paper Title:

Conventional Analysis of Performance of Cooling Tower Used for Industrial Purpose

Abstract:       Several types of machines and equipment’s that transfer heat from one fluid to other. Cooling tower is one of them that transfer heat of high temperature water of heat exchanger to low temperature water and then cooled water circulates to heat exchanger again. Cooling tower generate cooled water in large amount and store in a water reservoir. If cooling tower is not design properly it can affect the cooling performance. These cooling towers are enormous and have various unique specifications depending on the environment that they will operate under and the extent to which the owners want to remain efficient and environment friendly. Cooling towers may either use the evaporation of water by removing heat  from rest water and cool them near the wet-bulb temperature of air or, in the case of closed circuit as dry cooling tower  in which working fluid cool near to the dry-bulb temperature of air. Several parameters as Cooling range, Wet bulb temperature, Mass flow rate of water, Tower height, Air velocity through tower and many other things that affect the performance of cooling tower. For a good designer all this parameter would want to mind for proper designing and functioning of cooling tower.

 Cooling tower, Effectiveness, Water flow rate, Tower demand and Wet bulb temperature.


1.             Betz Laboratories Handbook of Industrial Water Conditioning (7th Edition) Betz Laboratories (1976).
2.             Kemmer, Frank N. The NALCO Water Handbook McGraw-Hill (1979).

3.             Thermodynamic, an engineering approach- Yunus A. Cengel.

4.             www.retscreen.net/links_eeasia_coolingtowers_chapter.html

5.             www.nptel.ac.in/courses/103106101/Module%20/Lecture%20-%202.pdf

6.             San Diego County Water Authority (July 2009). "Technical Information for Cooling Towers Using Recycled Water". www.sdcwa.org (San Diego County Water Authority). Retrieved 18 June 2014.

7.             Wet Cooling Tower Guidance For Particulate Matter, Environment Canada, Retrieved on 2013-01-29.

8.             “A Universal Engineering Model For Cooling Towers” The International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference.

9.             “A Review Paper on Experimental and Numerical Analysis for Performance of Fluidized Bed Cooling Tower” Authors:  Vishwanath M M, Dr N Lakshamanaswamy. Published in: International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology.

10.          “A Progress Report of a Field Evaluation of a Cooling Tower System and the Effectiveness of an electrodynamics Pulse Field Water Treatment”. Publisher: Cooling Technology institute. Authors: Paul R. Puckorius, Puckorius & Associates, Inc. and Richard Ruckstuhl, Jr., CWT Waterhouse Corporation.





Sanjay R. Lohar, Narendra D. Vanjara, Rishi A. Dhokad, Sumit S. Pawar Ketaki P. Kini

Paper Title:

Comparative Analysis of Conventional and Inflatable Seat Belt

Abstract:   - Cars are increasing day by day on street, that is more and more people of different age groups are using a passenger car for transportation. Safety of these occupants is and important aspect of car design, also new safety features are becoming more important as awareness of safety and market competiveness of manufacturers is increasing. Seatbelts are generally used for restraining occupants during a collision but since long time no innovations have been made in this system. Seatbelts also cause various injuries in severe conditions to adults and also to children, called seatbelt syndrome (Contusion of anterior abdominal wall caused by lap seat belts, which may produce lumbar spine fractures with horizontal splitting of the vertebral body and posterior arch, trauma to bowel, vessels, spleen and liver)1. Thus to combat seatbelt syndrome and improve current seatbelt and safety we introduce inflatable seat belts. These are a combination of seat belt and airbag which helps distributing force on the body of the wearer to a greater area during collision, thus preventing localization of forces causing organ damage. It also can be used where using air bags is not possible and they are cheaper in operation and maintenance than airbags. This paper investigates the difference between the regular seatbelts and inflatable seatbelts by finite element analysis using ANSYS

      Car Accidents, Inflatable Seatbelt, Passenger Safety, Seat Belt Syndrome.


1.           Seat Belt Syndrome. (n.d.) Segen's Medical Dictionary. (2011). Retrieved April 22 2015 from http://medical dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Seat+Belt+Syndrome





Vijay Jumb, Jason Martin, Phyllis Figer, Aniket Rebello

Paper Title:

Mobile Voting Using Finger Print Authentication

Abstract:   - In today's world due to advance technology and rapid growth of mobile technology the old voting methods can be changed to the advanced technology. The Mobile voting system provides an convenient, easy and efficient way to vote. This guarantees  a safe and efficient way of voting. This research paper provides the specification and requirements for Mobile Voting which is on Android platform. Mobile voting means voting from an android device. The Android is used to develop the application

 mobile; voting; digital voting;one time password(otp)


1.           Electronic voting (2009), Available from http://www. Hwskioskprinter.com/terminology electronic voting.pdf.
2.           Gentles, D and Suresh, S (2011). “Biometric Secured Mobile Voting”, Proceedings of Second IEEE/IFIP Asian Himalayas International Conference on Internet, Kathmandu, Nepal.

3.           http://www.andhranews.net/India/2008/January/25-Kerela-invents-30938.asp.

4.           Kim, K and Hong, D (2007), “Electronic Voting System using Mobile Terminal. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol .3(2), pp.33-37.

5.           Json Scripting:- http://www.w3schools.com/json.html http://code.google.com/p/google-gson/

6.           Php Scripting:- http://www.w3schools.com/php





Abdullatif Abdulkarim Zankawi

Paper Title:

Semiconductors, Diodes, Transistors and Applications

Abstract:    This paper presents and reviews the Semiconductors , Diodes , Transistors to show how can we use these electronic devices in important applications

 Semiconductors - Diodes - Bipolar Transistor - FET Transistor – Applications


1.              S. Bednarek, B. Szafran, and J. Adamowski, “Solution of the Poisson Schrodinger problem for a single-electron transistor”, Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 61, pp. 4461-4464, 2000.
2.              H. K. Gummel and H. C. Poon, “An integral charge control model of bipolar transistors,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 49, pp. 827–852, May–June 1970.

3.              G. Wang and G. C. M. Meijer, “The temperature characteristics of bipolar transistors fabricated in CMOS technology,” Sens. Actuators A, vol. 87, pp. 81–89, Sept. 2000.

4.              G. C. M. Meijer, J. van Drecht, P. C. de Jong, and H. Neuteboom, “New concepts for smart signal processors and their application to PSD displacement transducers,” Sens. Actuators A, vol. 35, pp. 23–30, 1992.

5.              K. Matsumoto, M. Ishii, K. Segawa, Y. Oka B. J. Vartanian and J. S. Harris, “Room temperature operation of a single electron transistor made by the scanning tunneling microscope nano oxidation process for the TiOx/Ti system”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 (1), pp. 34-36, 1996.

6.              Ken Uchida, Jugli Kaga, Ryuji Ohba and Akira Toriumi, “Programmable Single-Electron Transistor Logic for Future Low-Power Intelligent LSI: Proposal and Room-Temperature Operation”, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 50, No. 7, July 2003.

7.              T.A. Fulton and G.D. Dolan, “Observation of single electron charging effect in small tunneling junction”, Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 59, pp. 109-112, July 1987.

8.              Lingjie Guo, Effendi Leobandung and Stephen Y. Chou, “A silicon Single-Electron transistor Memory operating at room temperature”, Science Vol. 275, pp. 649-651, 1997.

9.              A.N. Cleand, D. Estene, C. Urbina and M.H. Devoret, “An extremely Low noise Photodetector based on the single electron Transistor” , Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 93, Nos. 3/4, pp.767-772, 1993.

10.           R. Knobel, C.s. Yung and A.N. clelanda, “Single -electron transistor as a radio frequency mixer” , Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 532-534, July 2002.





Ivan N. Mitev

Paper Title:

Influence of the Type of Iron Powder on the Tensile Strength of Iron Carbon Powder Materials Alloyed with Cooper

Abstract:     In the present study the influence of the monitored type iron powder, and the process of sintering in the presence of a liquid phase on the tensile strength of the powder metallurgical samples of the system Fe-C-Cu. Research samples are subjected made of three types of iron powders – ASC 100.29, SC 100.26 and NC 100.2. Thereto is added of 0,2 to 0.8% carbon and 2.5% copper.  After sintering the measured density of the samples in the range of 6,20 ÷ 7,00g/cm3. Are presented graphics, amending the tensile strength of the samples depending on their density and the concentration of copper and carbon in the iron matrix. 

 powder metallurgy; tensile strength; sintering; liquid phase; density; carbon; cooper.


1.              Balshin, М., С. Kiparisov, Fundamentals of Powder Metallurgy, Metallurgy, Moscow, 1988, p.171.
2.              Dorfeev, U., L.Мarinenko, V.Ustimenko. Structure Powder Materials and Products,. Metallurgy, Moscow, 1986, p.144.

3.              May, I., L. Schetky, Cooper in iron and steel, John Wiley and sons. Toronto, 1988, p.307, ISBN 0-471-05913-7

4.              Mitev,I., R.Maimarev, Optimizing Strength Characteristics of Powder Workpieses of Fe-C-Cu System, IJETCAS, ISSUE 5, vol.1, 2013, p.1÷6, ISSN (online) 2279-0055, ISSN (print) 2279-0047,

5.              Mitev, I., Powder Metallurgy – part І, UP”V.Аprilov”, Gabrovo, 2004, ISBN 954-4683-233-2

6.              Митев, И., Powder Metallurgy – part ІІ, UP”V.Аprilov”, Gabrovo,, 2004, ISBN 954-4683-234-0.

7.              Mitev, I., Structural Analysis,  ЕКC-PRЕС,  Gabrovo,  2013,  ISBN 978-954-490-363-3

8.              Mitev, I., R.Маimarev, Sintering the Binary Powdere Materials in the Presence of a Liquid Phase, Manufacturing and Machine, vol.№17, 2012, p.70÷73, ISSN 1312-8612

9.              Mitev,I., I. Vinev, Influence of the Type of Iron Powder on the Mechanical Properties of Powders Manganese Steels, „AMTECH,07” Gabrovo, 2007, vol 1, p. 121÷126

10.           Nichiporenko, O., A. Pomosov, S. Naboichenko, Powders of Copper and its Alloys, Metallurgy, Moscow, 1988, p.202. ISBN 5-229-00163-1

11.           Тоdorov, R., I.Мitev, Powder Metallurgy – Technology of the Present and Future, LSP Conference, Gabrovo, 2000, p.225÷230.

12.           Тоdopov, R., А. Меchkov, H. Аngelov. Materials and Equipment for Powder Metallurgy Construction Products.  BAS, Sofia, 1988, p.191.

13.           Тоdorov,R., А.Меchkov, J.Pulov. Ceramic Structural Metal Products. Sofia, Тechnology, 1981, p.254.

14.           Fedorichenko, I. and other, Powder Metallurgy – materials, technologies, properties, application areas, Scientific Thought, Кiev, 1985, p.255.





Sanjay R. Lohar, Kaustubh M. Pimple, Smit S. Mhatre, Pramod D. Pansare, Rahul U. Mishra

Paper Title:

Experimental Investigation of Performance of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Various Blends

Abstract:  Fast depletion of fossil fuel, rapid increase in the price of petroleum products and harmful exhaust emission from the engine jointly created renewed interest among researchers to find out suitable blend. In the present study of 4 stroke single cylinder diesel engine which was  tested with three different blends. In the first case, Diesel-Kerosene blend (with 5% to 20% by volume), in the second case Diesel-Methanol blend (with 5% to 20% by volume) and in the third case Diesel-Ethanol blend (with 5% to 20% by volume) along with diesel was tested at constant engine speed of 2200 rpm. Different engine exhaust emission such as Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) were compared with Diesel. Using diesel-kerosene blend, exhaust emissions from diesel engine were more as compared to pure diesel. For Diesel-Methanol blend value of %CO was reduced at any mixing ratio i.e. the fuel combustion is proper and more CO was gets converted into CO2. For Diesel-Ethanol blend value of %CO was reduced at any mixing ratio i.e. the fuel combustion was proper and more CO was gets converted into CO2..  %CO was reduced by 57.14% as compared to Diesel for D20E. The performance characteristics of the blends were also compared with Diesel. For Diesel-Kerosene blend the fuel consumption was lower as compared to the Diesel and the lowest fuel combustion was observed for the 10% Kerosene blend. For Diesel-Methanol blend the fuel consumption was increases for all the mixing ratio and highest fuel consumption was observed for the 20% Methanol blend and for Diesel-Ethanol blend the fuel consumption was lower as compared to the Diesel and the lowest fuel consumption was observed for the 20% Ethanol blend. 

 Diesel engine, Kerosene, Methanol, Ethanol, Performance, Fuel properties, emission.


1.              Ganesan, Internal combustion engine  (3rd Edition)
2.              Dombkundwar / Dhanpatrai Publication, I.C.Engine. (2nd Edition)

3.              V.P. Sethi., 2002, Performance of diesel engine

4.              R. Prakash, R.K.Singh, S. Murugan., 2011, Performance and emission studies in diesel engine usine diesel blend, International journal of chemical engineering and applications.

5.              P.C. Jikar, M.D. Bavan, A.G. Rokade., 1999, Performance evaluation using blend

6.              A.P. Sathiyagnanam, E.G. Sarvanan.,1998, Blend of hexanol-ethanol-diesel.

7.              K. Kannan and M. Udaykumar “NOx and HC emission control using single      cylinder diesel engine” VOL., 4, NO.

8.              OCTOBER 2009 ISSN 1819-6608 ARPN Journal of engineering and applied science.





Shalaka V. Parmar, Roshani B. Kharche, Payal V. Mamankar, Hasan M. Raza

Paper Title:

Architecture and Design of 4x4x4 NOC for Multicore SOC

Abstract:   Network on Chip (NoC) architecture provides a good way of realizing efficient Interconnections in multiprocessors. 3D NoC uses a mesh topology with wormhole switching and stall-go flow control scheme. It improves scalability, diminished concurrent communication, and low power consumption. NoC communication is realized by data packets and forwarded among the network which routes according to Look-Ahead-XYZ routing algorithm (LA-XYZ). The proposed paper focuses on design and verification of 4x4x4 3D NoC. The proposed 3D Network on Chip is designed in VHDL language at RTL level and verified on Xilinx using ISE 14.1 tools. The targeted device is FPGA Virtex-6 XC5VLX30.The minimum input arrival time before clock and maximum output time required time after clock is estimated as 13.094 ns and 10.107 ns respectively.

3D-NoC; Concurrent; LA-XYZ;


1.             P. Magarshack and P.G. Paulin- System-on-Chip beyond the Nanometer Wall, h Proceedings of 40th Design Automation Conf. (DAC 03), ACM Press, 2003, pp. 419-424.
2.             Ashish khodwe, C. B. (2013). Area Efficient FPGA Based Bidirectional Network on Chip Router through Virtual Channel Regulator. Seventh Sense Research Group.

3.             Aizu-Wakamastu, Akram ben Ahmed, Abderazek ben Abdallah-LA-XYZ: Low latency, high throughput look-ahead routing algorithm for 3D-Netork-On-Chip (3D-NoC) architecture

4.             Kenichi Mori- OASIS Network-On-Chip prototyping on FPGA (February 2012).

5.             Li-Shiuan Pen-Flow control and micro architectural mechanisms for extending the performance if interconnection network (August 2001).

6.             Akram Ben Ahmed-On the design of a 3D-Network-On –Chip for many-core Soc (February 2012)

7.             Akram Ben Ahmed, Abderazek Ben Abdallah, Kenichi Kuroda-Architecture and design of efficient 3D-Network-On-Chip (3D-NOC) for custom multicore SoC.

8.             Ben Abdallah, and M. Sowa- Basic Network-on-Chip Interconnection for Future Gigascale MpSoC Applications: Communication and Computation Orthogonalization, In Proceedings of Tunisia-Japan Symposium on Society, Science and Technology (TJASSST), Dec. 4-9th, 2006.

9.             K. Tatas, C. Kyriacou, A. Bartzas, K. Siozios, D. Soudris,- A Novel NoC Architecture Framework for 3D Chip MpSoC Implementations.





Mirza Anwarullah Baig, Syed Abdul Sattar

Paper Title:

Enhanced QoS Control Mechanisms for Distributed Multimedia Applications

Abstract:    Distributed multimedia applications make use of high-speed networks to transmit data packets and the processing is done at the end-systems. In such an integrated multimedia environment where assured quality of service is to be delivered to the clients and high availability predictability reliability and timeliness is required. To provide seamless quality of service support and data stream control in a truly end-to-end fashion the need for integration of network and transport service arises. An appropriate control mechanism support is required for unified processing and communication of continuous multimedia data streams.

 multimedia, bandwidth, delay, jitter


1.                 F. Garcia, et al., QoS Support for Distributed Multimedia Communications, Proceedings of IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Platforms, Dresden, Germeny, 1996
2.                 B. Li and K. Nahrstedt, Configurable Adaptors for Multimedia Delivery and End System Middleware Solution, Technical Report UIUIDCS-R-97-2018, Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, July, 1997

3.                 Campbell, A., Coulson, G., García, F., Hutchison, D., and H. Leopold, “Integrated Quality of Service for Multimedia Communications”, Proc. IEEE   Infocom’93, Hotel Nikko, San Francisco, CA, March 1993.

4.                 Geoff Coulson, Gordon S. Blair, Philippe Robin, and Doug Shepherd. Extending the Chorus Micro-Kernel to Support Continuous Media Applications. In Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Network and Operating Systems Support for Digital Audio and Video, pages 49–60, 11 1993.

5.                 Jeff Kramer and Jeff Magee. Dynamic Configuration for Distributed Systems. IEEE Transaction on Software Engineering, SE-11(4):424–436, 4 1985.

6.                 Jeff Magee, Jeff Kramer, Morris Sloman, and Naranker Dulay. An Overview of the REX Software Architecture. In 2nd IEEE Computer Society Workshop on Future Trends of Distributed Computing Systems, 10 1990.

7.                 Interactive Multimedia Association, Compatibility Project, Annapolis, MD, USA. Request for Technology: Multimedia System Services, Version 2.0, 1992.

8.                 Hewlett-Packard Company and International Business Machines Corporation and SunSoft Inc. Multimedia System Services, Version 1.0,  1993.

9.                 Danthine, A., Baguette Y., Leduc G., and L. Leonard, "The OSI 95 Connection-Mode Transport Service - Enhanced QoS", Proc. 4th IFIP Conference on High Performance Networking, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium, December 1992.

10.              Wolfinger, B. and M. Moran, "A   Continuous Media Data Transport Service and Protocol for Real-time Communication in High Speed Networks." Second International Workshop on Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video, IBM ENC, Heidelberg, Germany, 1991.

11.              Ferrari, D., “The Tenet Experience and he  Design of Protocols for Integrated Services Internetworks”, Multimedia Systems Journal, November 1995.

12.              Hehmann, D.B., Herrtwich, R.G., Schulz, W., Schuett, T. and R. Steinmetz, Implementing HeiTS: Architecture and Implementation Strategy of the Heidelberg High Speed Transport System, Proc. Second International Workshop on Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video, IBM ENC, Heidelberg, Germany, 1991.

13.              Schulzrinne, H. and S. Casner, “RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications”, Internet Draft, 1995.

14.              Kanakia, H., Mishra, P., and A. Reibman, “An Adaptive Congestion Control Scheme for Real Time Packet Video Transport”, Proc. ACM SIGCOMM ‘93, San Francisco, USA, October 1993.

15.              Keshav, S., “Report on the Workshop on Quality of Service Issues in High Speed Networks”, ACM Computer Communications Review, Vol 22, No 1, pp 6-15,
January, 1993.

16.              Kurose, J.F., “Open Issues and Challenges in Providing Quality of Service Guarantees in High Speed Networks”, ACM Computer Communications Review, Vol 23, No 1, pp 6-15, January 1993.

17.              Braden R., Clark, D., and S. Shenker, "Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview", Request for Comments, RFC-1633.

18.              Campbell, et al., A Quality of Service Architecture, ACM Computer Communications Review, Vol. 24, Number 2, 1994, pp6-27

19.              T. Campbell and G. Coulson, QoS Adaptive Transports: Delivering Scalable Media to the Desk Top, IEEE Network, Vol. 11, No. 2, March/April 1997, pp18-27

20.              Gopalakrishna, G. and G. Parulkar, Efficient Quality of Service in Multimedia Computer Operating System, Department of Computer Science, Washington University, Report WUCS-TM-94-04, August 1994

21.              Parekh, A. and R. G. Gallager, "A Generalised Processor Sharing Approach to Flow Control in Integrated Service Networks - The Multiple Node Case", Proc.
IEEE INFOCOM’93, pp.521-530, San Francisco, USA, April 1993.

22.              Liu, C.L. and Layland, J.W., “Scheduling Algorithms for Multiprogramming in a Hard Real-time Environment”, Journal of the Association for Computing
Machinery, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp 46-61, February 1973.

23.              Zhang, H., and S. Keshav, "Comparison of Rate-Based Service Disciplines" Proc. ACM SIGCOMM ‘91, Zurich , August 1992.

24.              Shenker, S., Clark, D., and L. Zhang, “A Scheduling Service Model and a Scheduling Architecture for an Integrated Service Packet Network”,

25.              ATM Forum, “ATM User-Network Interface Specification Version 4.0”, 1995.

26.              Jacobson, V., "VAT: Visual Audio Tool",   vat manual pages,1993.

27.              Escobar, J., Deutsch, D. and C. Partridge, “Flow Synchronization Protocol”, IEEE GLOBECOM’92, Orlando, Fl., December 1992.

28.              Pacifici G., and R. Stadler, “An Architecture for Performance Management of Multimedia Networks”, Proc. IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated
Network Management, Santa Barbara, May 1995.

29.              Campbell, A., Coulson G., García F., and D. Hutchison, "A Continuous Media Transport and Orchestration Service", Proc. ACM SIGCOMM ‘92, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

30.              Campbell, A., Coulson G., and D., Hutchison, “A Multimedia Enhanced Transport service in a Quality of Service Architecture”, Proc. Fourth International  workshop on Network and Operating System Support for Digital and Audio and Video, Lancaster, UK, October 1993, and ISO/IEC JTC1/SC6/WG4 N832, International Standards Organization, UK, November, 1993.





Manish Kothari, S. K. Mishra

Paper Title:

Environmental Flows Assessment by Drought Analysis

Abstract:     Environmental Flows (EFs) have been accepted as one of the most important factors deciding the survival of a river. This concept is fairly well understood in few developed countries however, in developing countries like India, EFs consideration in river water resource development and management poses great challenges. In this paper, EFs variability was estimated using Tennant’s method, Hughes and Munster method and further comparing it with drought severity of study area using SPEI (Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index). The computed values further helps to establish a link between EF and drought severity and as a results helps to assess the health EF condition of the river basin. The estimated results could be used in future water resource and river health assessment in the basin. .

   Environmental flows, SPEI, Drought, Tennant method, Hughes and Munster method


1.              Blake J.H David 2(006) - E-Flows in the Nam Songkhram River Basin IUCN vol. 49 No.1
2.              Brismar A. (2002)- River systems as providers of goods & services: basis for comparing desired & undesired effects of large dams projects. Environmental Management 29:598-609.

3.              Caissie D, El-Jabi N, Bourgeois G. (1998)- Instream flow evaluation by hydrologically based & habitat preference (hydrobiological) techniques. Revue des
Sciences de l’Eau 11(3): 347-363.

4.              Flynn R.H. (2003)- A Stream gauging network analysis for the 7-day, 10 year annual low flow in New Hamsphire streams. U.S.Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 03-4023, 31p.

5.              Hughes D.A (2001)- Providing Hydrological Information & data analysis tools for the determination of ecological instream Flow requirements for South African rivers. Hydrology Journal 241:140-151.

6.              Jha R, Sharma K.D, Singh V.P (2008)- Critical Appraisal of methods for the assessment of environmental flows and their application in two river systems of India. KSCE journal of civil engineering (2008) 12(3):213-219.

7.              Jha R (2010)- Environmental flow assessment using various techniques in a typical river basin of India. Journal of hydrological research & development vol.25, 2010, INCOH.

8.              Jorde K, Schneider M (1998)- Determining the Instream Flow requirements using the PHABSIM simulation system. Wasser Und Boden 50(4)’45-49.

9.              Keeffe J.O, Kaushal N, Luna B & Vladimir S. (2012)- Assessment of environmental flows for the upper Ganga basin. WWF report IND-12.

10.           Kiragu, Home, Mati & Gathenya (2007)- Assessment of suspended sediment loadings & their impact on the environmental flows of upper streams Mara river, Kenya. Ministry of water & Irrigation report KNY/HYD/07/12.

11.           Pyrce R.S (2004)- Hydrological low flow indices and their uses. WSC Report No. 04-2004.

12.           Singh K.P & Stall J.B (1974)- Hydrology of 7day 10 yr low flows. Journal of the Hydraulics division, hy12:1753-1771. International Conference on Innovative Technologies and Management for Water Security 12-14 February 2014,Chennai, India

13.           Smakhtin V.U(2001)- Low Flow Hydrology: A review Journal Of hydrology 240:147-186.

14.           Smakhtin V.U & Anputhas M. (2006)- An assessment of environment flow requirements of Indian river basins. Research Report 107, International water management Institute, Sri lanka.

15.           Smakhtin V.U, Shilpakar R.L & Hughes D.A (2006)- Hydrology based assessment of Environmental flows: an example from Nepal. Hydrological Sciences Journal,
51(2), 207-222.

16.           Smakhtin V.U (2007)- An assessment of Hydrology and Environment Flows in the Walawe River Basin, Sri Lanka, Working paper 103, International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka.

17.           Sugiyama H.V, Vudhivanich & Lorsirirat (2003)- Stochastic flow duration curves for the evaluation of the flow regimes of the rivers, J. Am. Water Resources Assoc., Vol. 39, No.1, pp. 47-58.

18.           Tharme R.S (2003)- A Global perspective on environmental flow assessment: emerging trends in the development and application of environmental flow methodologies for rivers. River Research and Applications Vol.19: 397-441.

19.           Vladimirov A.M & Lobanova H.V (1998)- Classification of Rivers to Assess Low Flow impacts on Water Quality, Hydrology in a changing Environment vol. I. John Wiley and Sons: Baffins Lane Chi Chester W, Sussex PO19 1UD UK; 329-334.

20.           Vogal (1994)- Flow duration curves. I. A new interpretation and confidence intervals.





A. Nachev, T. Teodosiev

Paper Title:

Using Support Vector Machines for Direct Marketing Models

Abstract:      This paper presents a case study of data mining modeling for direct marketing, based on support vector machines. We address some gaps in previous studies, namely: dealing with randomness and 'lucky' set composition; role of variable selection, data saturation, and controlling the problem of under-fitting and over-fitting; and selection of kernel function and model hyper-parameters for optimal performance. In order to avoid overestimation of the model performance, we applied a double-testing procedure, which combines cross-validation, and multiple runs. To illustrate the points discussed, we built predictive models, which outperform those discussed in previous studies.

 classification, data mining, direct marketing, support vector machines


1.                 V. Vapnik, The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory, Springer, New York, 1995.
2.                 S. Horng, M. Su, Y. Chen, T. Kao, R. Chen, J. Lai, and C. Perkasa, “A novel intrusion detection system based on hierarchical clustering and support vector machines,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol.38, 2010, pp. 306-313.

3.                 L. Fei, W. Li, and H. Yong, “Application of least squares support vector machines for discrimination of red wine using visible and near infrared spectroscopy,” Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering, vol. 1, 2008, pp. 1002-1006.

4.                 P. Chapman, J. Clinton, R. Kerber, T. Khabaza, T. Reinartz, C. Shearer, and R. Wirth, “CRISP-DM 1.0 - Step-by-step data mining guide,” CRISP-DM Consortium, 2000

5.                 P. Cortez, M. Embrechts. Using sensitivity analysis and visualization techniques to open black box data mining models. Information Sciences vol. 225, 2013, pp.1-17.

6.                 P. Cortez, A. Cerdeira, F. Almeida, T. Matos, and J. Reis, “Modeling wine preferences by data mining from physicochemical properties,” Decision Support
Systems, vol. 47, no. 4, 2009, pp. 547–553.

7.                 R. Kewley, M. Embrechts, C. Breneman “Data strip mining for the virtual design of pharmaceuticals with neural networks,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 11 (3),  2000, pp. 668–679

8.                 Asuncion and D. Newman, “UCI Machine Learning Repository, Univ. of California Irvine," [Online], Available: http://www.ics.uci.- edu/mlearn/MLRepository.html.

9.                 S. Moro, R. Laureano, P Cortez, "Using Data Mining for Bank Direct Marketing: An Application of the CRISP-DM Methodology," P. Novais (Ed.), Proceedings of the European Simulation and Modelling Conference - ESM'2011, 2011, pp. 117-121.

10.              H. Elsalamony and A. Elsayad, “Bank Direct Marketing Based on Neural Network,” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 2 no. 6, 2013, pp. 392-400.

11.              H. Elsalamony, “Bank Direct Marketing Analysis of Data Mining Techniques,” International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 85 no. 7, 2014, pp.12-22.

12.              E. Yu and S. Cho, “Constructing response model using ensemble based on feature subset selection”, Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 30 no. 2, 2006, pp. 352-360.

13.              H. Shin and S. Cho, “Response modeling with support vector machines”, Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 30 no. 4, 2006, pp. 746-760.

14.              T. Fawcett, “An introduction to ROC analysis,” Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 27, no.8, 2005, pp. 861–874.

15.              P. Cortez, “Data Mining with Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines using the R/rminer Tool.” Proceedings of the 10th Industrial Conference on Data Mining, Springer, LNAI 6171, 2010, pp. 572– 583.

16.              R Development Core Team. “R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing,” [Online]. Available: http://www.R-project.org.

17.              T. Sing, O. Sander, N. Beerenwinkel, and T. Lengauer, “ROCR: visualizing classifier performance in R,” Bioinformatics vol. 21, no. 20, 2005, pp. 3940-3941.





A. Soleymani

Paper Title:

Thermal Model for Prediction of Deposition Dimension of a Deposited Nickel Superalloy

Abstract:    Reduction of the final cost of products, complexities of the geometry of the products, as well as speed of the productions are some of the reasons for using rapid prototyping methods in material fabrication processes. Rapid prototyping enables the user to make near net-shape products. Having a good understanding of the thermal history is one of the main challenges of the materials made by rapid prototyping methods. Since the final product is gradually made under a continuous process, a small area can be heated multiple times during different passes of depositions. A series of heating and cooling (with different rates) cycles can importantly affects the microstructural evolution and the chemical compositions (in the case of alloys). In this paper, a finite-element-based thermal model for the manufacturing of nickel-based superalloy on a steel substrate heated by a laser source was developed using COMSOL multiphysics software. The model was assessed based on measuring and comparing the depth and width of the molten with the reported values in the literature. The model results were in good agreement (maximum error of 16%) with the experimental results available in the literature. It was concluded that the developed thermal model can be used for the optimization of the used parameters in the manufacturing process in order to get the desired properties.

 Thermal model, Finite elements, rapid prototyping, Nickel


1.                 W. Hofmeister, M. Wert, J. Smugeresky, J. A. Philliber, M. Griffith, and M. Ensz, “Investigation of solidification in the laser engineered net shaping (LENSTM) process” JOM, Vol. 51, No. 7, 1999, pp. 1-6.
2.                 Vasinonta, J. Beuth, and M. Griffith, “Process maps for laser deposition of thin-walled structures” In: Proceesings of Solid Freeform Fabrication, Austin, 1999, pp. 383-391.

3.                 P. C. Collins, C. V. Haden, I. Ghamarian, B. J. Hayes, T. Ales, G. Penso, V. Dixit, and G. Harlow, “Progress toward an integration of process–structure–property–performance models for “three-dimensional (3-D) printing” of titanium alloys” JOM, Vol. 66, No. 7, 2014, pp. 1299-1309.

4.                 J. Beuth, and N. Klingbeil, “The role of process variables in laser-based direct metal solid freeform fabrication” JOM, Vol. 53, No. 9, 2001, pp. 36-39.

5.                 L. Costa, T. Reti, A. Deus, and R. Vilar, “Simulation of layer overlap tempering kinetics in steel parts deposited by laser cladding” In: Proceedings of International Conference on Metal Powder Deposition for Rapid Manufacturing, Princton, 2002, pp. 172-176.

6.                 L. Wang, S. Felicelli, Y. Gooroochurn, P. Wang, and M. Horstemeyer, “Numerical simulation of the temperature distribution and solid-phase evolution in the LENSTM process” In: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Austin, 2006, pp. 453-463.

7.                 V. Neela, and A. De, “Three-dimensional heat transfer analysis of LENSTM process using finite element method” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 45, No. 9-10, 2009, pp. 935-943.

8.                 R. B. Patil, and V. Yadava, “Finite element analysis of temperature distribution in single metallic powder layer during metal laser sintering” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 47, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1069-1080.

9.                 K. Zhang, W. Liu, and X. Shang, “Research on the processing experiments of laser metal deposition shaping” Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2007, pp. 549-557.





Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El-Maaty, Abdulla Ebrahim El-Moher

Paper Title:

Evaluation of Hot Asphalt Mixtures Containing Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements

Abstract:     The conventional method of providing bituminous surfacing on flexible pavements require significant amount of energy for production of bituminous mix at hot mix plant.  Due to economical reasons and the need for environmental conservatism, there has been an increasing shift towards the use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) materials in the pavement construction industry. Hot mix recycling is the process in which RAP materials are combined with new materials to produce hot mix asphalt mixtures. The amount of the added reclaimed asphalt depends on mineral materials and their homogeneity. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the use of a homogeneity reclaimed asphalt pavement in the pavement industry in Egypt evaluating the effects of partial and total replacements of aggregates by RAP on the mechanical and volumetric response of dense-graded HMA mixtures.  Laboratory studies were carried out on asphalt mixes with RAP material and their performance was compared with virgin asphalt mixes. Various performance tests such as indirect tensile strength, resilient modulus, absorbed energy and wheel tracking test were carried out. In addition the effect of moisture damage or stripping on strength of RAP mixtures was investigated. Moreover an economic study was achieved to determine the saving in cost of materials due to using RAP in HMA.  The laboratory results indicated that when properly designed, the asphalt mixes with RAP especially at 50% to 100% replacement ratio provided better performance compared to those of new conventional HMA mixtures. While cost analysis showed at least 45-64% savings in material cost related expenses.

    Reclaimed asphalt pavement, Mechanical properties, Moisture Susceptibility, Indirect Tensile Strength,  Marshall Stability,  Rutting.


1.             Anil Pradyumna,  Abhishek Mittal,  Jain P.K, Characterization of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) for Use in Bituminous Road Construction, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 104 ( 2013 ) 1149 – 1157.
2.             Vislavicius  K. Sivilevicius H, H.Sivilevicˇius, H.Sivilevicius , Effect of reclaimed asphalt pavement gradation variation on the homogeneity of recycled hot-mix asphalt,  Archive of civil and mechanical  engineering (2013) 3 4 5 – 3 5 3.

3.             Reyes-Ortiz O, Berardinelli E., Alvarez A.E., Carvajal-Muñoz J.S., Fuentes L.G., Evaluation of hot mix asphalt mixtures with replacement of aggregates by reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 53 ( 2012 ) 379 – 388.

4.             Taylor, N. , Life expectancy of recycled asphalt paving. Recycling of bituminous pavements (L. E. Wood, Ed.). ASTM STP 662, 3–15, 1997.

5.             Chen, J., Wang, C. & Huang, C., Engineering properties of bituminous mixtures blended with second reclaimed asphalt pavements (R2AP), Road Materials and Pavement Design, 10, 129 –149, 2009.

6.             Federal Highway Administration, User guidelines for waste and byproduct materials in pavement construction, Washington, DC Federal Highway Administration, 2002.

7.             National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Recommended use of reclaimed asphalt pavement in the Superpave mix design method: technician’s
manual, Transportation Research Board, NCHRP Report 452.Washington, DC, 2001.

8.             R. Miro,G.Valdes,A.Martinez,P.Segura,C.Rodriguez, Evaluation of high modulus mixture behavior with high reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) percentages for sustainable  road construction, Construction and Building Materials 25 (10) (2011) 3854–3862.

9.             Mengqi, W., Haifang, W., Muhunthan, B., & Kalehiwot N., Influence of RAP content on the air void distribution, permeability and moduli of the base layer in recycled asphalt pavements, Proceedings of the 91st Transportation Research Board Meeting. TRB 2012.

10.          Celauro, C., Bernardo, C., & Gabriele, B, Production of innovative, recycled and high-performance asphalt for road pavements, Journal Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 54 (6), 337 – 347, 2010.

11.          P.Shirodkar,Y.Mehta,A.Nolan,K.Sonpal,A.Norton,C.Tomlinson, .Dubis, P.Sullivan, R.Sauber, A study to determine the degree of partial blending of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) binder for high RAP hot mix asphalt, Construction and BuildingMaterials25(1)(2011)150–155.

12.          Feipeng Xiao a & Serji N. Amirkhanian, Laboratory investigation of moisture damage in rubberised asphalt mixtures containing reclaimed asphalt pavement, International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 5, October 2009, 319–328.

13.          Saad Issa Sarsam*, Israa Lutfi AL-Zubaidi , Assessing Tensile and Shear Properties of Aged and Recycled Sustainable Pavement, International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge, 2(9), pp. 444-452, 2014

14.          Paul, H. R.,(1996) Evaluation of Recycled Projects for Performance, Proceedings of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol.65, pp. 231-254.

15.          Baron Colbert 1, Zhanping You, The determination of mechanical performance of laboratory produced hot mix asphalt mixtures using controlled RAP and virgin aggregate size fractions, Construction and Building Materials 26 (2012) 655–662.

16.          Huang, B., Shu, X., & Vukosavljevic, D., Laboratory investigation of cracking resistance of hot-mix asphalt field mixtures containing screened reclaimed asphalt pavement, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol 23, No.11,pp.1535-1543, 2010.

17.          Aravind.K, and Animesh Das, Pavement design with central plant hot-mix recycled asphalt mixes, Construction and building materials, Vol 21, No.3, pp 928-936, 2006.

18.          AL-Zubaidi I and Sarsam SI, Resistance to Deformation under Repeated Loading of Aged and Recycled Sustainable Pavement, American Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering AJCSE 2014, 1(2):34-39.

19.          A.Tabakovič,  A. Gibney, C.McNally, M.D. Gilchrist, Influence of recycled asphalt pavement on fatigue performance of asphalt concrete base courses, Journal of Material sand Civil Engineering 22 (6)(2010) 643–650.

20.          Mohammad, L. N., I. I. Negulescu, Z. Wu, C. Daranga, W. H. Daly, and C. Abadie, Investigation of the use of recycled polymer modified asphalt binder in asphalt concrete pavements, Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, 2003,Vol. 72, pp.551-594.

21.          Puttagunta, R., Oloo, S. Y., and Bergan, A. T., A Comparison of the predicted performance of virgin and recycled, Candian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 24, pp. 115-121, 1997.

22.          Sarsam SI, AL-Janabi I , Assessing shear and compressive strength of reclaimed asphalt concrete. International Journal of Scientific Research in knowledge, 2(8).m 2014.

23.          Katman HY, Ibrahim MR, Matori MY, Norhisham S, Ismail N, Che Omar R , Tensile strength of reclaimed asphalt pavement. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS Vol. 12 No: 03., 2012.

24.          NAPA, Designing HMA mixtures with high RAP content – a practical guide, National Asphalt Pavement Association; 2007. 36p.

25.          Olard, F., Noan, C., Bonneau, D., Dupriet, S., & Alvarez, C., Very high recycling rate (>50%) in hot mix and warm mix asphalts for sustainable road construction. Proceedings of the 4th Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress, Denmark, 2008.

26.          Asmaa Basueny • Daniel Perraton • Alan Carter, Laboratory study of the effect of RAP conditioning on the mechanical properties of hot mix asphalt containing RAP, Materials and Structures, 2013.

27.          Martins Zaumanisa, Rajib B. Mallick, Robert Frank, 100% recycled hot mix asphalt: A review and analysis, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2014.

28.          Naisheng Guo , Zhanping You, Yinghua Zhao , Yiqiu Tan , Aboelkasim Diab,   Laboratory performance of warm mix asphalt containing recycled asphalt mixtures, Construction and Building Materials 64 (2014) 141–149.

29.          Zulkurnain S., Meor  O., Ahmed Y., Ali J., Evaluation of the dynamic modulus of asphalt mixture incorporating reclaimed asphalt pavement, Indian journal of engineering and materials science, Vol. 20, pp. 376-384. 2013.

30.          Federal Highway Administration, Pavement Recycling Guidelines for State and Local Governments, 7 December 1997.





Yasaman Ganji, Mehran Kasra, Soheila Salahshour Kordestani

Paper Title:

Mechanical and Degradation Properties of Castor Oil-Based Polyurethane

Abstract:      Castor oil based polyurethanes (PU) with different degradation and mechanical properties have many applications both in industry and medicine. In this study, polyethylene glycol (PEG), castor oil (CO) and 1, 6 -hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) were used for synthesis of different kinds of vegetable oil based polyurethanes. Five different chemical compositions of PU with different molar ratios of PEG, CO, and HDI were prepared and casted as solid and porous samples. The samples were then characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Changes in mechanical properties, degradation rate, density, and contact angle were also studied. The results showed that degradation and mechanical properties were related to the ratio of castor oil to polyethylene glycol which made these properties controllable. These properties were also affected by the porosity, as storage and loss moduli were decreased and degradation rate was increased in porous samples compared to those of solid ones.

 Biomaterials, Degradation, Polyurethane, viscoelastic properties.


1.             dos Santos D, Tavares L, Batalha G. Mechanical and physical properties investigation of polyurethane material obtained from renewable natural source. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering 2012;54:211-7.
2.             Chou CW, Hsu S, Wang PH. Biostability and biocompatibility of poly (ether) urethane containing gold or silver nanoparticles in a porcine model. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 2008;84:785-94.

3.             Madbouly SA, Otaigbe JU. Recent advances in synthesis, characterization and rheological properties of polyurethanes and POSS/polyurethane nanocomposites dispersions and films. Progress in Polymer Science 2009;34:1283-332.

4.             Uttayarat P, Perets A, Li M, Pimton P, Stachelek SJ, Alferiev I, et al. Micropatterning of three-dimensional electrospun polyurethane vascular grafts. Acta Biomaterialia 2010;6:4229-37.

5.             Jovanovic D, Roukes FV, Löber A, Engels GE, Oeveren W, Seijen XJ, et al. Polyacylurethanes as Novel Degradable Cell Carrier Materials for Tissue Engineering. Materials 2011;4:1705-27.

6.             Xu D, Wu K, Zhang Q, Hu H, Xi K, Chen Q, et al. Synthesis and biocompatibility of anionic polyurethane nanoparticles coated with adsorbed chitosan. Polymer 2010;51:1926-33.

7.             Corcuera M, Rueda L, Fernandez d’Arlas B, Arbelaiz A, Marieta C, Mondragon I, et al. Microstructure and properties of polyurethanes derived from castor oil. Polymer degradation and stability 2010;95:2175-84.

8.             Cauich-Rodríguez JV, Chan-Chan LH, Hernandez-Sánchez F, Cervantes-Uc JM. Degradation of Polyurethanes for Cardiovascular Applications.  Advances in Biomaterials Science and Biomedical Applications: InTech; 2013. p. 51-82.

9.             Li G, Li D, Niu Y, He T, Chen KC, Xu K. Alternating block polyurethanes based on PCL and PEG as potential nerve regeneration materials. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 2013.

10.          Werkmeister J, Adhikari R, White J, Tebb T, Le T, Taing H, et al. Biodegradable and injectable cure-on-demand polyurethane scaffolds for regeneration of articular cartilage. Acta Biomaterialia 2010;6:3471-81.

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12.          Coneski PN, Schoenfisch MH. Synthesis of nitric oxide-releasing polyurethanes with S-nitrosothiol-containing hard and soft segments. Polymer chemistry 2011;2:906-13.

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Abdul Khader Jilani Saudagar

Paper Title:

Extracting Graphical Information from Arabic e-Documents for Visually Impaired People

Abstract:       Information graphics play a crucial role in a variety of multimodal documents, especially when the concern is about Arabic language which is widely used by many people in the world for communication. Alas, visually impaired people who utilize screen reader software's to steer through such electronic documents have restricted access to the graphics. This research work facilitates blind users to put on access to information graphics that materialize on web pages of Arabic websites and electronic documents. The interface is put into operation as a browser adjunct that instigate by a key hit combination. The result of this research work is a textual synopsis of the graphic, the basic content of which is the hypothesized message of the graphic creator. The textual synopsis of the graphic is then passing on to the end user by screen reader software. The carried work has the following benefits 1) not entails any action on the side of the website developer, and 2) giving the end user with the message that individual can gain the knowledge from viewing the graphics. Overall this work results in a system interface which is easy to handle and an effective way of communicating the informational content of graphics to the visually impaired people in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

 Accessibility, Information Graphics, Multimodal Documents, Visually Impaired.


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Yousif Ismail Mohammed, Safwan Mawlood Hussein

Paper Title:

Modeling and Simulation of Industrial SCARA Robot Arm

Abstract:   Many industrial applications needed inelegant robot, especially with trajectory processing for movement and pressing things with very accurate points. This paper presents study of Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference Scheme (ANFIS) for Selective Compliant Assembly Robot. Detail description of a Four degrees of freedom (DOFs) mathematical model of an industrial-application SCARA robot with three (shoulder, elbow, wrist) controlled by servo motors and one pneumatics. DC servomotor driving each of the robot-arm joint is modeled and analytical inverse kinematic problem (IKP) and the forward kinematic solution by D-H parameters. Neural networks with fuzzy logic controller (FLC) select the proper rule base through the RBFNN algorithm as inelegant controller for driving the robot with specific trajectory and apply specific handling processing suitable with certain job. The simulation of mathematical model is done by using Matlab Ver. 2014a, satisfactory results was obtained proved the implement of the system design as practical implement with accurate industrial application.

 SCARA robot, Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference Strategy (ANFIS), Industrial applications


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Youness El Hammami, Mohamed El Hattab, Rachid Mir, Touria Mediouni

Paper Title:

Numerical Study of Natural Convection of Nanofluid in a Square Enclosure in the Presence of the Magnetic Field

Abstract:    This article reports a numerical study on natural convection in an enclosure that is filled with a water–Cu nanofluid and is influenced by a magnetic field. Side walls are the heated surfaces (hot and cold walls). Top and bottom walls of the cavity are assumed to be adiabatic. Theoretical models of Maxwell–Garnetts (MG) and Brinkman are employed to predict the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the nanofluid respectively. The transport equations for continuity, momentum and energy are solved with finite volume approach using the SIMPLE algorithm. This study is carried out to predict the effect of Rayleigh number, Hartmann number and the solid volume fraction of nanoparticles on the flow and heat transfer rate. Results show, There is an opposite effect of Ra and Ha on flow regime, by increasing the magnetic force (higher Hartmann number), the conduction heat transfer becomes the dominate mechanism in heat transfer; this increment causes thermal dissipation in the flow of nanofluid to be enhanced. When the Rayleigh number is high and the Hartmann number is low, the streamlines and isotherms are distributed strongly in the enclosure domain and the heat is transferred due to convection.

Keywords: Copper-water nanofluid; Magnetic field; Heat transfer; Natural convection; Numerical study


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30.          G. Barakos, E. Mitsoulis and D. Assimacopoulos, Natural convection flow in a square cavity revisited: Laminar and turbulent models with wall functions", International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, vol. 18, pp. 695-719, 1994

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V. Saidulu, K. Srinivasa Rao, P. V. D. Somasekhar Rao

Paper Title:

Investigation on Wideband E-Shaped Microstrip Patch Antenna with Dielectric Superstrate

Abstract:     This paper describes the effect of the superstrates on bandwidth and gain of E-shaped microstrip patch antenna without superstrate and loaded with dielectric superstrates. It is found that there is a degradation in the performance of the antenna when the superstrate is touching the patch antenna i.e its height above the patch antenna (H) =0 mm.  Further, it is also observed that the degraded performance characteristics of the patch antenna can be improved by placing the superstrates at optimum height (H) =Hopt. The microstrip patch antenna without dielectric superstrate has an impedance bandwidth of 0.17GHz (SWR  2) at 2.04 GHz, gain is 8.67 dB and return-loss is -19.95 dB.  When the superstrate is placed touching the patch antenna, the resonant frequency is reduced to 1.59 GHz from 2.04 GHz and bandwidth is reduced 0.15 GHz (SWR ≤ 2) at 1.59 GHz, gain is decreased by about 0.92% (0.08 dB) for Ԑr=  2.2 to 39.5% (3.47 dB) for Ԑr= 10.2. As the height of the superstrate is increased, the performance of the patch antenna improves and at a particular optimum height the gain for all the superstrates will be closer to the free space radiation conditions of the patch antenna without superstate. But the resonant frequency decreases with increase in Ԑr2. The variation in the return-loss for H = Hopt. is within ± 1.5 dB of the free space radiation condition for all the dielectric constant of the superstrate and it is within acceptable limits. The bandwidth improves (12%) for Ԑr2 up to 4.8. However, the bandwidth decreases for Ԑr2= 10.2. There is a good agreement between simulated and measured results.

 E-shaped patch antenna, Superstrate, bandwidth and axial ratio etc.


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2.           Ahmed Khidre, Kai  Fong Lee, Fan Yang, and Atef Elsherbeni, “Wideband Circularly Polarized E-shaped Patch Antenna for Wireless Applications,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 52, No. 5, October 2010, pp. 219-229.

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5.           Wenwen Yang and Jianyi Zhou, “Wideband Low- Profile Substrate Integrated Waveguide Cavity- Backed E- Shaped Patch Antenna” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letter, VOL.12, 2013, PP. 143- 146.

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9.           R.K.Yadav and R.L.Yadava, "Effect on performance characteristics of rectangular patch antenna with varying height of dielectric cover", International Journal of Power Control Signal and Computation (IJPCSC) Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 55-59.

10.        V. Saidulu, K. Srinivasa Rao and P.V.D. Somasekhar Rao” Comparison the Characteristics of Circular and Square patch Microstrip Antennas with Superstrates,” International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology (IJAET), ISSN NO: 22311963, vol. 6, Issue. 5, Nov 2013, pp. 2236- 2246.

11.        V. Saidulu, K. Srinivasa Rao and P.V.D. Somasekhar Rao, “Studies on the Effect of Dielectric Superstrates on the Characteristics of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna,” National Conference on Recent Trends in Science and Technology (NCRTST) at JNTU, Hyderabad, College of Engineering, Nachupally, Krimnagar, ISBN: 978-93-82570-52-3, 25-26 February, 2015, pp. 157-162.





Rabie Ahmed, Malek Rababah, Mehtab Mehdi, Mohammed Al-Shomrani

Paper Title:

A Web-based Parallel Implementation to Classify Multiclass Large Datasets

Abstract:      Last few years are witnessed for growing the interest in Web-based Applications. Web applications typically interact with a back-end database to retrieve data to the user as dynamically generated output.  In our work, an application is built for classification data sets, especially multi class large data sets, using parallel algorithm PMC-PBC-SVM. Our proposed application presents a general framework for data preprocessing, classification, and prediction. Our application gives an easy and interactive visual interface for classification multi class large data sets which will be useful for both technical and non-technical users.

  Web-based Applications, Classification Algorithms, SVM, Parallel processing, Multiclass large Datasets.


1.          Stuart Andrews, Ioannis Tsochantaridis and Thomas " Support Vector Machines for Multiple-Instance Learning " ww.robots.ox.ac.uk.
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3.          Rajendran. Paralle Support Vector Machines for Mulicategory Classification of Large Scale Data. Dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 2007.

4.          Rabie Ahmed, Adel Ali, Chaoyang Zhang. SMC-PBC-SVM: A parallel implementation of Support Vector Machines for data classification. Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing (PDPTA 2012).

5.          Rabie Ahmed, Mohammed Al-shomrani, “ Two Level Parallelism Implementation to Classify Multiclass Large Datasets”, Oriental Journal of Computers Science & Technology, 2014.

6.          Eibe Frank, Mark Hall , Len Trigg, Geoffrey Holmes , and Ian H. Witten  " Data Mining in Bioinformatics using Weka" Frank-etal-bioinformatics Journal.

7.          CHRISTOPHER J.C. BURGES "Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery", 2, 121–167 Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

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11.       Paul Pavlidis1, Ilan Wapinski  and  William Stafford "Support Vector Classification for the web" Bioinformatics 2004.





Aneesh G Nath, Sreeram G, Sharafudeen K, Sreeraj M C

Paper Title:

Image Denoising based on Sparse Representation and Dual Dictionary

Abstract:       Learning-based image denoising aims to reconstruct a denoised image from the prior model trained by a set of noised image patches. In this paper, we address the image denoising problem, where zero-mean white and homogeneous Gaussian additive noise is to be removed from a given image. Image denoising method via dual-dictionary learning and sparse representation consists of the main dictionary learning and the residual dictionary learning to recover denoised image. The approach taken is based on sparse representations over trained dictionaries. Using the K-SVD algorithm, we obtain a dictionary that describes the image content effectively. Using the corrupted or noised image primary main dictionary training is done. Since the K-SVD is limited in handling small image patches, we extend its deployment to arbitrary image sizes by defining a global image prior that forces sparsity over patches in every location in the image. We provide a residual dictionary learning phase which leads to a simple and effective denoising mechanism. This leads to a better denoising performance, and surpassing recently published leading alternative denoising methods. Extensive experimental results on test images validate that by employing the proposed two-layer progressive scheme, more image details can be recovered and much better results can be achieved in terms of both PSNR and visual perception.

   sparse representation, dictionary learning, image denoising, K-SVD, residual dictionary.


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Jagdish Shivhare, B. V. R. Reddy

Paper Title:

A High Performance and Small Sized Four-Fold Microstrip Hairpin Line Bandpass Filter at 2.250 GHz for Communication Systems

Abstract:  The contents of this technical paper is presented  a new class of multi-folded hairpin line microstrip bandpass filter with improved performance, low cost and great  reduction (60-65%) in size compared to a conventional hairpin line bandpass filter.The expected frequency responses have been simulated/optimized  by using The Agilent-make ADS/IE3D-Zealand  softwares. The measured results are very close to the simulated/optimized results.

Keywords: Substrate, folded-hairpin line resonator, miniaturized microstrip filters, narrow band, selectivity, slow wave, ADS/IE3D softwares.


1.             Deng,P.H., Y. S. Lin, C.H. Wang and C.H.Chen  “Compact Microstrip bandpass filters with good stopband  rejection” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,Vol.54, No.2, 533-539, February 2007
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12.          ADS Agilent-make softwares  for design and simulation/optimization

13.          IE3D-Zealand software for  design and simulation/optimization    





Shalina Garg, Ratish Kumar

Paper Title:

Multi Band U-Slot Microstrip Patch Antenna for WLAN and Wi-MAX Applications

Abstract:   A dual U-slot Microstrip patch antenna for WLAN & WI-MAX applications is presented. The proposed antenna is designed using FR4 substrate having dielectric constant 4.4 and fed through 50 ohm Microstrip line. The patch antenna is designed and simulated in CST microwave studio. The proposed antenna generates the three frequency bands 2.431GHz, 5.16GHz 5.518GHz for WLAN and Wi-MAX .The measured results demonstrate that the proposed antenna has appreciable bandwidth, return loss, VSWR and radiation pattern is thus suitable for WLAN and Wi-MAX applications. The return loss of antenna are -12.831dB, -24.65dB,-35.74dB and bandwidth 2.18%, 1.9%, 4.7%. Which suggest good antenna performance. Microstrip Antenna, W-LAN, WI-MAX, Dual U-slot, CST Microwave studio.

     Microstrip Antenna, W-LAN, WI-MAX, Dual U-slot, CST Microwave studio..


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2.             Jaswinder Kaur, Rajesh Khanna “Co-axial Fed Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for 5.2 GHz WLAN Application” Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2013.

3.             M. Mahmoud, “Improving the Bandwidth of U-slot Microstrip Antenna Using a New Technique (Trough-Slot Patch)” Region 5 IEEE Conference.

4.             Mei-jing Song,Jiu-Sheng Li “A Compact Broadband Micro strip Patch Antenna For WirelessRouter”,IEEE-2011.       

5.             Garima1, Amanpreet Kaur, Rajesh Khanna3  “Dual- and Triple- Band U-slot Micro strip Patch Antenna for WLAN Applications” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 2, Issue 5, May 2013.

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8.             Pradeep Kumar, Neha Thakur, Aman Sanghi,  “Micro strip Patch Antenna for 2.4 GHZ Wireless Applications” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) – Volume 4 Issue 8- August 2013.

9.             Vinod K. Singh, Zakir Ali” Dual Band U- shaped microstrip antenna for wireless Communication” International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 2(6), 2010, 1623-1628.

10.          Pradeep Kumar, Ritika Saini “CPW fed Inverted U-Shape Microstrip Patch Antenna for WLAN/Wi-MAX Applications” International Journal of Engineering
Research, Volume No.3, Issue No.8, pp : 497-500, 01 Aug 2014

11.          K. R. Dharani, D. Pavithra”  A Simple Miniature U-Shaped Slot Antenna For Wimax Applications”  International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, July 2013.

12.          Sukhbir Kumar, Hitender Gupta”  Design and Study of Compact and Wideband Microstrip U-Slot Patch Antenna for Wi-Max Application” IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IOSR-JECE), Volume 5, Issue 2 (Mar. - Apr. 2013).
13.          Abhinav Bhargava, Samrat Ghosh, Savan Kumar Oad” A Multi (U) Slotted Rectangular Micro-strip Multiband Patch Antenna” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology ,, Volume-2, Issue-4, April 2013.

14.          David M.Pozar,Microwave Engineering,3rd edition,wiley international edition,2005.