Development of Noise Map using GIS for Lucknow Metropolis
Sudhanshu Bhushan1, A.K. Shukla2
1Sudhanshu Bhushan, Student, Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow (U.P), India.
2A.K. Shukla, Professor, Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow, (U.P), India.
Manuscript received on 05 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 December 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 December 2018 | PP: 1-6 | Volume-8 Issue-2C, December 2018 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.ICID-2018_EE_302
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Abstract: Noise pollution is a problem increasingly acknowledged by authorities and governments around the globe. Geographical Information Systems (GIS 10.1)can conveniently be adapted together to analyse and present noise information. Noise maps can be used to assess and monitor the influence of noise effects. Residents living in high rise buildings are also severely affected by traffic noise. The integration of GIS and noise maps makes it possible to increase the quality of noise effect studies by dealing with uncertainties, by applying standardized methods to study and quantify noise effects.The present work aimed at development of noise map for Lucknow metropolis. In this study, a total of 10 locations were selected for collection of data. Noise pollution can damage physiological and psychological health. The noise levels in terms of L10, L90, LAEQ,LNP and TNIhave measured using Sound Level Meter (SPL). The noise levels were observed in the month of September 2017 to November 2017. In the morning time (7AM-9AM) residential zones LEQ was found in the range of 77.89-80.70dB (A), in commercial zones LEQ was in the range of 72.00-82.16dB (A), in industrial zones LEQ was in the range of 68.26-71.62dB (A) and in the silence zones LEQ was in the range of 75.00-78.26dB (A).In the afternoon(12PM-2PM) noise levels were observed for residential zones LEQ was in the range of 64.70-83.72dB(A), for commercial zones LEQ was in the range of 74.90-84.52dB(A), for industrial zones LEQ was in the range of 72.32-75.28dB(A) and for silence zones LEQ was in the range of 73.19-76.49dB(A). In the evening (6PM-8PM) noise levels for residential zones LEQ were found in the range of 76.29-81.03dB (A), for commercial zones LEQ was in the range of 75.16-85.45dB (A), for industrial zones LEQ was in the range of 69.68-81.82 dB(A) and for silence zones was in the range of 68.74-71.78dB(A).Except in industrial zone in all other zones the noise levels are beyond limits.
Keywords: Noise Pollution, GIS, Traffic Noise Maps.
Scope of the Article: Mobile App Design and Development