Design of Free Cantilever, Counter fort and T-flanged Cantilever Type Retaining Wall
Ch Keerthi1, A Rajendra2, Dumpa Venkateswarlu3
1Ch Keerthi*, Department of Civil Engineering, Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry, India.
2A Rajendra, Department of Civil Engineering, Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry, India.
3Dr. Dumpa Venkateswarlu, Department of Civil Engineering, Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry, India.
Manuscript received on July 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 3875-3877 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F9535088619/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F9535.088619
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Abstract: Retaining walls are widely used as permanent structures for retaining soils at different levels. Type of the wall depends on the soil pressure, such as active or passive earth pressure and earth pressure at rest and drainage conditions. Types of walls generally used are gravity walls, RCC walls, counterfort walls and buttress retaining walls. Retaining walls behavior depends on the wall height and retention heights of the soil at its backfill. Retaining walls are used with tying with more than one wall at perpendicular joints to retain liquids, water storage and materials storages such as dyke walls and tanks. Retaining walls excessively used in culverts and as well as in the bridges for construction of abutment wing walls supposed to resist soil pressures laterally applied perpendicular to the axis of the walls. Based on the present scenario used in retaining structures within the civil industries there requirements of height of walls are being increased due to lake of land and cost of sub structures being incurred in the project work, higher height of walls develops huge bending moment at the base because of the cantilever action of the walls, thus resulting in higher sections at the base which deploys into a uneconomical zone so different wall systems are required in different arrangements so as to transfer the loads with limited sections. In the present study retaining walls of height 6m, 9m and 12m are considered for study and the length of the walls considered as 30m and the material properties considered are M20 and Fe415 steel bars and the supports considered to be fixed at the base.
Keywords: Retaining wall, Backfill, Culvert, Rcc walls, Counterfort walls, Buttress walls.