Factors of the “Aggressive Driving” Behaviour amongst Malaysian Drivers
Eida Nadirah Roslin1, Nor Syazwani Ahmad Azmy2, Azniah Mohamed Ghulam3, Rifqi Irzuan Abdul Jalal4, Mohd Hafzi Md Isa5
1Eida Nadirah Roslin, Automotive Engineering Section, University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Nor Syazwani Ahmad Azmy, Automotive Engineering Section, University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Azniah Mohamed Ghulam, Mathematics Section, University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
4Rifqi Irzuan Abdul Jalal, Automotive Engineering Section, University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
5Mohd Hafzi Md Isa, Research Management & Commercialization Unit, Director General’s Office, Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 103-105 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F9503088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F9503.088619
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study explores factors that lead towards aggressive driving behaviour among Malaysian drivers and to determine the highest factor that contributes to these aggressive driving styles in Malaysia. Driving aggressively increases the chances of drivers becoming involved in a motor vehicle crash, and aggressive driving behavior occurs happens due to multiple factors. The Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) is used to calculate the factors corresponding to their anger while driving. There are four factors that has been identified to define how people expressed their anger while driving by using DAX, they are Verbally Aggressive Expression (α=0.7332), Physically Aggressive Expression (α=0.8548), Using the Vehicle for Aggressive Expression (α=0.7267) and Adaptive/Constructive Expression (α=0.8711). At the end of this research, we found out that the Adaptive/Constructive Expression is the highest factor and most commonly used amongst drivers to adapt to these aggressive situations on the road. Followed by the factor Verbally Aggressive Expression and Using the Vehicle for Aggressive Expression. Then, the least often used factor in Malaysia is Physically Aggressive Expression. Therefore, some mitigation plans should be considered towards reducing accidents in Malaysia which is on a yearly rising trend.
Keywords: Aggressive driving, Anger expression, Driving behavior, Malaysian Driver