Biomechanics Of Human Lumbar Spine (L3 To L5) With Degenerative Disc Disease Using Finite Element Model
Ashokkumar Devaraj1, Varshini Karthik2, Chenjerai Zizhou3

1Ashok kumar Devaraj, Departmentof Biomedical Engineering SRM Institute of Science and Technology Kancheepuram.
2Varshini Karthik, Departmentof Biomedical Engineering SRM Institute of Science and Technology Kancheepuram.
3Chenjerai Zizhou, Department of Biomedical Engineering SRM Institute of Science and Technology Kancheepuram.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 4609-4614 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8897088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8897.088619
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Abstract: Human spine is one of the complex structure of the human body. It provides the link between upper and lower extremities of the human body. It is estimated that at least 30% of people in the middle age group from thirty to fifty years have some degree of disc degeneration. Disc degeneration disease can affect the quality of life and in certain individual it can cause severe chronic pain if left untreated. The low back pain associated with lumbar disc degeneration is usually generated from two causes which are abnormal motion instability and inflammation. Abnormal motion instability occurs when the annulus fibrosus are worn down and cannot absorb stress on the human spine effectively resulting in changes in movements along the vertebral segment. To understand lumbar disc problem, a thorough knowledge of the biomechanics of the normal human lumbar spine and a disc degenerated lumbar spine is of great importance. In this study, Computed tomography image of a 33 year old male is used. A three dimensional (3D) human lumbar spine (L3 to L5) is created and validated with literature. The finite element model was modified to degenerated disc and studied the biomechanics of the lumbar spine. Comparison of the biomechanics of normal human lumbar spine is done with the human lumbar spine with disc degeneration for different range of motion and different loads. The result shows that the pressure generated on degenerated disc is greater than normal disc. This work can be implemented and used for designing implants and also for intervertebral disc related analysis.
Keywords: Disc Degeneration, Biomechanics, Finite element analysis.