Artificial Neural Network Based Water Quality Forecasting Model for Ganga River
Anil Kumar Bisht1, Ravendra Singh2, Rakesh Bhutiani3, Ashutosh Bhatt4

1Anil Kumar Bisht*, Computer Science & Information Technology, Mahatma Jyotibha Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, India.
2Ravendra Singh, Computer Science & Information Technology, Mahatma Jyotibha Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, India.
3Rakesh Bhutiani, Deptt. of Env. Sc., Gurukula Kangri University, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. Ashutosh Bhatt, Department. of Computer Science and Engg., BIAS, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 2778-2785 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8841088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8841.088619
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Abstract: Development of river water quality forecasting model (RWQFM) created using the concept of artificial neural network (ANN) for the river Ganga, India still has not been done as far as best awareness of the authors. In this research work an effort have been made for developing such model first time for the stream Ganga in the stretch from Devprayag to Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India by choosing five testing stations along this waterway. The month to month exploratory dataset for the time arrangement of 2001 to 2015 including four water quality parameters was taken. Using one of the proficient machine learning approach called ANN an optimal model is developed by conducting several experiments in Weka data mining tool. In advance the water quality is forecasted for next 12 months and the forecasting accuracy is determined using various performance measures. The computation of 12-steps ahead WQ indicated that the water comes out to be suitable for drinking throughout the year 2016 only at three stations: Devprayag, Rishikesh and Roorkee. At Haridwar station, the water is also comes out to be of best quality but only in nine months. In last quarter of 2016, a little degradation at Haridwar station while a crucial deterioration was noticed at Jwalapur site. The results showed that the proposed WQ model is more efficient in terms of the forecasting accuracy. At Rishikesh station the developed forecasting model achieved a noteworthy accuracy of 100%. Thus, the proposed ANN forecasting model is verified as an effective model and concluded that in overall the WQ of the Ganga River in this stretch is fine in 2016. Also, ANN has proven its significance as an efficient tool in the forecasting domain. Such models will definitely be helpful for the water management bodies in order to control the river pollution and consequently help the society as well.
Keywords: Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Mean Square Error (MSE), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Water Quality (WQ).