A Systematic Classification of Routing in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks
Sandeep Kad1, Vijay Kumar Banga2

1Sandeep Kad, Research Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IKG Punjab Technical University, Kapurthala, India.
2Vijay Kumar Banga, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Amritsar College of Engineering and Technology, Amritsar, India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 5336-5355 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8779088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8779.088619
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Vehicle ad hoc network (VANET) is a promising aspect in intelligent transportation system (ITS) which is getting considerable attention from researchers. Vehicles formulate a self-organized network with an aim to provide better traffic safety as well as enhance the travelling comfort for the commuters. VANET does not depend upon fixed infrastructure. In contrast to MANETs, the node positions in VANETs keep on changing very rapidly thus it becomes a big challenge to route the information to its destination. In this paper we have surveyed different aspects highlighting architecture, applications, communication technologies, routing protocols, mobility models & simulating tools of VANETs. Finally some research gaps are listed which if addressed, can result in an improved overall driving experience.
Keywords: Dedicated short range communication (DSRC), Intelligent transport system, Mobility models, Routing protocols, Vehicular ad hoc network.