Performance Analysis of Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio under Low SNR and Noise Floor
P. Venkatapathi1, Habibulla Khan2, S. Srinivasa Rao3

1P. Venkatapathi* , Research Scholar, Department of ECE, KLEF, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Dr. Habibulla Khan, Professor, Department of ECE, KLEF, Andhra Pradesh, India.
3Dr. S. Srinivasa Rao, Professor & HOD, Department of ECE, MRCET, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Manuscript received on November 22, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 30, 2019. | PP: 2655-2661 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December, 2019. | Retrieval Number:  F8703088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8703.129219
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Abstract: Cognitive radio (CR) is a new technology that is proposed to improve spectrum efficiency by allowing unlicensed secondary users to access the licensed frequency bands without interfering with the licensed primary users. As there are several methods available for spectrum sensing, the energy detection (ED) is more popular due to its simple implementation. However, ED is more vulnerable to the noise uncertainty so for that reason, we present a robust detector using signal to noise ratio (SNR) with dynamic threshold energy detection technique is combined with the kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) in Cognitive Radio Networks (CRN). The primary purpose of kernel function is to ensure that its dependency relies on inner-product of data without the feature space data requirement. In this paper, with the aid of kernel function the spectrum sensing with the leading eigenvector approach is modified to a feature space of higher dimensionality.By introducing of efficient detection system with dynamic threshold facility helps the better detection levels even low SNR values with quite a lot of noise uncertainty levels. The simulation results of the proposed system reveal that KPCA outperforms with that of traditional PCA in terms of false alarm rate, detector performance when tested under various uncertainties for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing signal.
Keywords: Cognitive Radio; Energy Detection; kernel Principal Component Analysis; Spectrum sensing; Principal Component Analysis