Efficient Search Mechanism from Large Scale Corpora for Domain-Specific Language Modeling in Speech Recognition
Disha Kaur Phull1, G. Bharadwaja Kumar2

1Disha Kaur Phull*, SCSE, VIT University Chennai Campus, Tamil Nadu, India.
2G. Bharadwaja Kumar, SCSE, VIT University Chennai Campus, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 1682-1689 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8416088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8416.088619
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: With the Internet and the World Wide Web revolution, large corpora in variety of forms are germinating ceaselessly that can be manifested as big data. One obligatory area for the usage of such large corpora is language modeling for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition. Language modeling is an indispensable module in speech recognition architecture, which plays a vital role in reducing the search space during the recognition process. Additionally, the language model that is contiguous to the domain of the speech can dwindle the search space and escalate the recognition accuracy. In this paper, an efficient searching mechanism for domain-specific document retrieval from the large corpora has been elucidated using Elasticsearch which is a distributed and an efficient search engine for big data. This assisted us in tuning the language model in accordance with the domain and also by reducing the search time by more than 90% in comparison to conventional search and retrieval mechanism used in our earlier work. A word level and a phrase level retrieval process for creating domain-specific language model has been implemented. The evaluation of the system is performed on the basis of word error rate (WER) and perplexity (PPL) of the speech recognition system. The results shows nearly 10% decrease on WER and a major reduction in the PPL that helped in boosting the performance of the speech recognition process. From the results, it can be consummated that Elasticsearch is an efficient mechanism for domain specific document retrieval from large corpora rather than using topic modeling toolkits.
Keywords: Adapted Language Model, Big Data, Document Retrieval, Elastic Search, Indian English, Lecture Speech, Speech recognition.