Micro-Grid Design and Protection System under Several Fault Conditions
Bibhu Prasad Ganthia1, Subhashree Priyadarshini2, Bhabani Patnaik3, Subrat Kumar Barik4
1Bibhu Prasad Ganthia, PhD Research Scholar, School of Electrical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
2Subhashree Priyadarshini, PhD Research Scholar, School of Electrical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
3Bhabani Patnaik, PhD Research Scholar, School of Electrical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
4Dr. Subrat Kumar Barik, Associate Professor, School of Electrical Engineering, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 875-880 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8051088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8051.088619
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: As distributed generators and renewable energies are now becoming the fastest growing technologies in the energy industries, the technical issues and environmental aspects are to studied and examined. The large number of small scale Micro grid components with their characteristics is a vital challenge for Micro grid modelling, operation, simulation and operation. Micro-grid gives clear, economic and environmental benefits for end users, utilities, and societies. However, their implementation faces lot of challenges, such as a protection of micro-grid. Micro-grid works in two modes, grid-connected and islanded mode that operates connected with medium voltage grid or islanded from the grid with controlled coordinate manner. The major goal of this thesis is to design protection for. First, the work is done to present the detailed description of the micro grid models and lines. Then the paper will discuss the distributed generator models that have been implemented in MATLAB/Simulink including photovoltaic module, fuel cell stack system with short term storage (Li-ion battery system). Then the fault analysis is done for the whole Micro-grid, whether the micro grid is working in fault condition or not. Then Micro grid protection is done for the grid connected modes and islanding modes of Micro grid. To design the protection system for the micro grid over current relay protection scheme is used.
Keywords: Micro-grid, islanded mode, fault, storage systems, protection, micro sources, distributed generation.