Simulation of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna using ANSYS
C N Sujatha1, B Saidivya2, Ayesha Kauser3
1C N Sujatha, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
2B Saidivya, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
3Ayesha Kauser, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on August 10, 2019. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2019. | PP: 5145-5149 | Volume-8 Issue-6, August 2019. | Retrieval Number: F8030088619/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F8030.088619
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper presents the design and simulation of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna with enhanced results. Antennas are playing the most important key role in wireless communication systems and especially microstrip patch antenna is the simplest and best form for mobile communication systems. Therefore, the design of antenna for mobile satellite communication and space to earth communication is described in this proposed work. The working of rectangular micro strip patch antenna is studied and the effect of height of the substrate on antenna performance is analyzed and the results are plotted. It has been noticed that the height of substrate should be neither small nor large. The effect of inserting a slot in the patch is also observed in this paper. Return Loss results are plotted for the designed structure and it is noticed that return loss is almost doubled by inserting a slot. Further two symmetrical slots are inserted in the patch and the respective results are plotted. Insertion of two slots gave multiple operating frequencies to the antenna with a compromise of s11. The simulation of proposed structures of antennas is done using ANSYS HFSS (high-frequency structure simulator) which is commercially used as a finite element method solver for electromagnetic structures. A sphere with human brain characteristics is created and average SAR (specific absorption ratio) is plotted on the head model. The proposed antenna has enhanced return loss of -52dB and VSWR of 1.005 at 2.24GHz. This work also introduces multiple operating frequencies using two slots of same size.
Keywords: Microstrip, Patch, Slot, Substrate, S11, SAR, VSWR.