Electromagnetic Waves Interaction with Cytoplasm and Membrane of the Outer Segment of the Rod Photoreceptor Modelled and Analysed on HFSS
Kennedy A. Iroanusi 

Kennedy A. Iroanusi, Department of Electrical & Electronics, Dudley College of Technology, Dudley, United Kingdom.
Manuscript received on 18 August 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 August 2018 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2018 | PP: 45-58 | Volume-7 Issue-6, August 2018 | Retrieval Number: F5453087618/18©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Horn antennas are widely used in ultra-wideband (UWB) applications, medical imaging devices, and radars and also in other wireless astronomical applications; the antennas are commonly used as a feeding antenna for satellite parabolic reflectors (Daniyan et al. 2014). The use of horn antennas in wide variety of application are based on two reasons; excellent radiation characteristics with good directivity, high gain, very low level voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), wide bandwidth and it is very easy to fabricate mechanically (Singh 2011). In this paper; we will consider the design of a compact conical horn antenna designed for the visible light spectrum as an inner segment of a human photoreceptor and the outer segment of the photoreceptor is designed as a cascaded unit cells rather as an interwoven structure consisting of cytoplasm and membrane using HFSS. The unit antenna structure will be excited by plane wave and simulated to study the properties and the overall contribution of the photoreceptor’s outer segment in hyperacuity of human visual system without considering the outer segment of the rods or cones separately. In the future, the three types of cones (Large, short and medium wavelength cones) and rods will be modelled, evaluated and the outcomes will be published.
Keywords: Aperture Antenna, Conical Horn Antenna, Bioengineering, Hyper Acuity, Photoreceptors. 

Scope of the Article: Bioinformatics