Identification of Critical Factors Affecting Construction Labor Productivity in India Using AHP
Avinash Tiwari1, Anju Malik2, C.P. Singh3
1Avinash Tiwari, Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Gurgaon College of Engineering, Gurgaon (Haryana), India.
2Anju Malik, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Gurgaon College of Engineering, Gurgaon (Haryana), India.
3C.P. Singh, Col (Retd) Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Gurgaon College of Engineering, Gurgaon (Haryana), India.
Manuscript received on 13 August 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 August 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 August 2016 | PP: 212-221 | Volume-5 Issue-6, August 2016 | Retrieval Number: F4718085616/16©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Construction sector plays a leading role in economic growth for countries all around the world. Since construction is a labor intensive industry, productivity is considered a primary driving force for economic development. In India, the economy is severely challenged by the combined effects of rapid population growth and the closure policy imposed on the area since 2007. Owing to this situation, construction projects are characterized by low profit margin, time and cost overrun making labor productivity a key component of company’s success and competitiveness The main aim of this study is to identify key factors affecting labor productivity in India and to give the ranking to those factors by Analytical hierarchy process. By reviewing the literature and conducting depth interviews with experienced engineers, twenty five critical factors related to labor productivity were identified and categorized into six groups: Psychological, Human/labor, Design, Technological, Managerial and External factors. Based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process approach, a questionnaire was designed and delivered to 72 construction professionals to elicit the view on how labor productivity might be affected. A total of 35 feedbacks were analyzed and the results indicated that Shortage of material, Clarity of technical specifications, payment delay, site layout & construction methods have a significant impact on construction labor productivity in India.
Keywords: Productivity; CLP; Labor Productivity; Identification of Critical Factor; Critical Factors; Construction Project; Ranking of Factors Affecting Productivity; Factor Affecting Productivity; Analytical Hierarchy Process.
Scope of the Article: Production