Investigation of Acrylic Resin Treatment and Evaluation of Cationic Additive Quality Impact on the Mechanical Properties of Finished Cotton Fabric
Nasr Litim1, Ayda Baffoun2
1Nasr Litim, PhD & Textile Engineer, National Engineering School, Monastir ENIM, University of Monastir, Textile Materials and Process, Research Unit, MP Tex. Tunisia.
2Ayda Baffoun, Prof. Assistant, National Engineering School, Monastir ENIM, University of Monastir, Textile Materials and Process, Research Unit, MP Tex, Tunisia.
Manuscript received on 13 August 2016 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 August 2016 | Manuscript Published on 30 August 2016 | PP: 76-86 | Volume-5 Issue-6, August 2016 | Retrieval Number: F4672085616/16©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Statistical design of experiment (DOE) is an important tool to improve and developed of existing products or processes. This paper investigates the effect of essential finishing factors; curing temperature, curing time, resin, catalyst and cationic additive concentrations on the mechanical properties, especially on 3D ranks of cotton treated fabric with a copolymer acrylic resin. After that, it evaluates the impact of cationic additive class on 3D ranks and mechanical properties loss (breaking strength, breaking elongation and tear strength) of treated fabric with acrylic resin. The results, showed that cationic type effect; firstly (Electroprep) has the best quality on 3D rank of treated fabric and effect a little loss on mechanical properties, secondly (Easy stone super X), whereas (Easystone K) lead to a negatively loss on mechanical properties and gives undesired 3D rank. In order to investigate the causes of resin finish resumption and downgrading of garments in textile industry caused by ingredient concentration in bath resin. The main effect plot, interaction plot and contour plot method applied give to the textile engineer the possibility to predict the effect of resin treatment factors on the final quality desired of 3D rank and preserving the mechanical characteristics of treated fabric.
Keywords: Mechanical Properties, Cotton, Resin, 3D Ranks, Cationic
Scope of the Article: Mechanical Design