Computational Simulation Methods for the Magnus Lift – Driven Wind Turbines
Peter Odhiambo1, Ernest Odhiambo2

1Peter Odhiambo, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
2Ernest Odhiambo, Thermo-Fluids Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Manuscript received on 26 July 2022 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 August 2022 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 August 2022 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2022 | PP: 174-181 | Volume-11 Issue-6, August 2022 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.F37520811622 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F3752.0811622
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Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of Magnus Lift -Driven wind turbines provide different results depending on the method of wind power capture and the nature of the turbine. The Magnus Lift -driven wind turbines, which would normally have cylindrical blades rotating either about a vertical or horizontal axis, reveals interesting CFD results. For instance, the blade aspect ratio is critical in determining the performance of the Magnus WT. The power coefficient generated by Magnus WT at low tip-speed ratio clearly justifies that the turbine would perform optimally in urban environment. This review paper focuses on these Magnus Lift -driven wind turbines, by analyzing the research results in the literature review section. The results section contains the simulation outcome based on various CFD approaches. The conclusion cites the gaps in research. More importantly, the paper reviews the factors affecting the efficiency of the Magnus wind turbine such as drag coefficient, surface roughness effect, and wind velocity. 
Keywords: Computation Fluid Dynamics, Magnus-Driven Wind Turbines, Wind Tunnel, And Blade Element Momentum Theory
Scope of the Article: Computation Fluid Dynamics