Effective and Enhanced Congestion Control Technique using Adaptive Routing Protocol to Improve the Performance of Crammed WSN
S. Mohanarangan1, D. Sivakumar2

1S. Mohanarangan, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Arunai Engineering College, Tiruvannamalai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. D. Sivakumar, Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Easwari Engineering College, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 09 July 2022 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 July 2022 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 August 2022 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2022 | PP: 61-73 | Volume-11 Issue-6, August 2022 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.F37070811622 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F3707.0811622
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Abstract: Nowadays, congestion on the network becomes a usual fact which is to be focused and to be addressed appropriately especially in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) for crammed type networks. Limited capacity on channel and wastage of energy are the root cause of congestion in WSN. The effects of congestion implies on QoS parameters, queue length, data arrival rate etc. Furthermore, data packets should be transmitted energy-efficiently to the sink node. In this regard, an Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol is offered to efficiently transmit the nodes to their end node or destination. To control congestion, an Adaptive Buffer trade-off and Improved Trust-based Energy Efficient Routing protocol are first presented, this method identifies the congestionfree paths and the Buffer trade-off handles the buffer effectively. To route the protocol, a Cross-Layer Security-Based Fuzzy Logic Energy Efficient Packet Loss Preventive Routing Protocol has been developed. The proposed protocol routes the nodes and the protocol adopts a routing protocol that imparts security in terms of avoiding malicious nodes and preventing data loss. Consequently, to improve the lifetime of the network, a Density Aware Optimal Clustering Approach is presented. The proposed method is evaluated based on the Matlab software and the QoS performance metrics are Energy Consumption, Packet Delivery Ratio, Trust Value Computation, latency, reliability, energy efficiency, end-toend delay, Average Throughput, accuracy and network lifetime. The effectiveness of the research is evaluated by comparing it with other existing techniques, including Trust Aware Secure Routing Protocol (TASRP), Artificial Flora Algorithm Based Support Vector Machine (SVM-AF), Well-Organized Trust EstimationBased Routing Scheme (ETERS), LionFuzzyBee, and BatFuzzyBee Algorithm. Accordingly, the suggested method’s performance is higher than the existing methods for Packet delivery ratio, throughput, network lifetime, energy efficiency, and reliability. Consequently, the proposed method improves the congestion control performance in an energy-efficient manner, in future; a recently advanced technique is proposed to effectively improve the network performance respectively. 
Keywords: Congestion Control, Cross-Layer Security, Network Performance and Network Lifetime, QoS Parameters, Trust Based Energy Efficient Routing Protocol
Scope of the Article: Network Performance; Protocols; Sensors