Behavior of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag and Limestone Powder as Partial Cement Replacement
Chander Garg1, Ankush Khadwal2
1Chander Garg,  M. Tech Final Year Student, Department of Civil Engineering, MMEC Ambala, Haryana, India.
2Ankush Khadwal,  Assoc. Prof, Department of Civil Engineering, MMEC Ambala, Haryana, India.
Manuscript received on July 30, 2014. | Revised Manuscript received on August 17, 2014. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2014. | PP: 93-96  | Volume-3 Issue-6, August 2014.  | Retrieval Number:  F3319083614/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: One of the main ingredients used for the production of concrete is the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). Carbon-dioxide (CO2 ) gas which is a major contributor in green house effect and the global warming, is produced in the production of cement, hence it is needed either to search for another material or partially replace cement by some other material.[2] In recent years ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and Limestone powder (LP) when replaced with cement has emerged as a major alternative to conventional concrete and has rapidly drawn the concrete industry attention due to its cement savings, energy savings, and cost savings, environmental and socio-economic benefits.[1]. This paper investigates the possibility of utilizing Blast Furnace Slag (BFS) and Limestone powder (LP) as a cement substitute in concrete, in order to reduce environmental problems due to manufacturing of cement and waste disposal. The present study reports the results of an experimental study, conducted to evaluate the strengths and strength of hardened concrete, by partially replacing the cement by various percentages of blast furnace slag and Limestone powder for M25 grade of concrete at 7 and 28 days. In this study w/c ratio of 0.42 is used. The compressive strengths at various ages are studied. From this study it is observed that BFS and LP could be utilized partially as alternative construction material for replacement of cement in concrete.
Keywords: Concrete, Replacement, Blast furnace slag, Limestone Powder, Workability, Compressive strength, Flexure strength, Tensile strength, Durability.