Systematic Review of Member’s Participation in the Co-operative Governance: What has been Studied
Mokhtaruddin Buang*, Student, Department of Social and Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia Serdang, Selangor.
Manuscript received on August 16, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on August 20, 2021. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2021. | PP: 135-140 | Volume-10 Issue-6, August 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.F30710810621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F3071.0810621
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Co-operatives are seen as an essential economic platform for supporting development programs, and its viability is depending on members’ active participation in co-operative governance. Since member participation in co-operative governance is fundamental to the organization’s survival, it is necessary to review and synthesize studies from the last ten years in order to enhance our understanding of the components of member participation in co-operative governance. Following the “PRISMA Statement (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)” technique, a comprehensive search of the Scopus and Web of Science databases discovered 13 relevant papers that match to the study objectives. An examination of the articles revealed two major aspects: the “supporter” who attends general meetings and the “believer” who serves on a board or committee, with these two themes forming a total of seven sub-themes. This study contributes significantly by providing an overview of the research trend in terms of member participation in cooperative governance. Second, the elements of member participation that have been studied are highlighted in this systematic review. The findings revealed that the majority of the studies focused mainly on members’ participation in annual general meetings (“supporter”), with ten studies indicating that research on the participation of members serving on the board is still inadequate. Some recommendations for future research are provided to examine other elements of member participation, particularly their participation as the board members.
Keywords: Co-operative, Governance, Members, Participation