Elimination of Arsenic (III) using Phaseolus Lunatus and Phaseolus Vulgaris as Natural Coagulants
Vijayarani. A1, Sailaja. B. B. V2, Sirisha. D3

1Vijayarani. A*, Scholar, Department of inorganic and analytical chemistry, Andhra University. St.Ann’s Degree college for women, Mehdipatnam, Hyderabad School, T.S, India.
2Dr. Sailaja.B.B.V, Head, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3Dr. Sirisha.D, Head, Centre for the Environment and Climate Change, school of Environmental Science, JNIAS, Banjara Hills, Road. No.-12, Kimtee Enclave building, Hyd. T.S. India and St.Ann’s Degree College for Women, Mehdipatnam, Hyderabad.
Manuscript received on July 02, 2021. Revised Manuscript received on July 05, 2021. Manuscript published on August 30, 2021.| PP: 66-69 | Volume-10 Issue-6, August 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijeat.F29400810621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F2940.0810621
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In this analysis, the efficacy of adding coagulants such as Phaseolus lunatus and Phaseolus vulgaris (polymers) to the coagulation process during the treatment of arsenic aqueous solution to extract the arsenic metal was investigated. Experiments were carried out to evaluate the output of Phaseolus lunatus and Phaseolus vulgaris, both individually and in combination with arsenic, using the standard Jar test protocol. P.lunatus and P.vulgaris were given doses ranging from 1 to 3 gm. For P.lunatus and P.vulgaris, the (optimal) removal efficiency for total arsenic in the aqueous solution was obtained at 2gm. With chemical affinity between arsenic and coagulants used in this process, the valence state of arsenic may affect removal efficiency during the chemical coagulation process. pH is discovered to be a significant factor that has a direct or indirect impact on results. By overcoming the isoelectric point, the complex formed by the interaction of the inorganic pollutant and organic coagulant may aid in the removal of arsenic at pH 9 and 8. P.lunatus and P.vulgaris had optimised arsenic initial concentrations of 57.1µg/L and 42.6µg/L, respectively. The coagulation mechanism is more prevalent in water treatment, as shown by the above findings.
Keywords: Coagulation, Phaseolus lunatus, Phaseolus vulgaris, polymers, isoelectric point.