Internet of Things Enabled Smart Microgrid
Sonali Dash1, Ritu Santra2
1Sonali Dash*, Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Ritu Santra, Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on July 02, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on July 10, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2020. | PP: 73-76 | Volume-9 Issue-6, August 2020. | Retrieval Number: F2186089620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F2186.089620
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Abstract: In the era of emerging technologies internet of things (IoT) and smart power grid, this two are major technology which would boost up the development of any country because of its perspective of smart and renewable technique. A microgrid is a small–scale localized energy grid with the capability to control the various electrical parameters and can be operated autonomously. This microgrid technology can be implemented in both rural and urban areas. In this paper, the author proposes the design of a smart microgrid system enabled IOT for a smart country. A microgrid is an excellent solution for providing a continuous supply of power during the failure of the main grid (blackouts issues). It can also be used in industries for providing additional power, and most importantly it can be implemented in areas like an island or remote/rural areas. The IoT can be a smart approach that offers the solution for detecting the fault and a convenient real-time technique to control and monitor the consumption of energy. In the present time, the non-renewable electrical network system is outdated due to the increasing demand for electrical energy. We have also proposed a smart energy distribution of power to the load by turning the appliances in power saving mode by the help of IoT platform. This smart microgrid can be installed in every house of the country for promoting smart energy distribution, a smart way of energy saving, and ecofriendly technique, this can connect parallel to the main grid supply. IoT will also help to monitor and detect the fault in a very faster manner. It will detect the fault in the microgrid with help of current sensor and voltage sensor installed in the transmission line. The current and voltage data collected from the sensors will be continuously sent to the microcontroller with the help of a Wi-Fi module and IoT platform. The microcontroller Raspberry pi 3 will store the data and it will continuously monitor the loads connected to the microgrid by the Cayenne’s IoT platform. The loads can be also triggered by the help of IoT platforms. The microgrid is incorporated with the net metering concept to make the power system reliable.
Keywords: Microgrid, Internet of things, Smart country, fault detection, Raspberry pi 3, Cayenne’s IOT, Smart energy distribution, Smart load management, Net metering.