Study of Diesel Particulate Emission from Bio-diesel (Waste Cooking Oil) in DI Engine Adding Fuel Additive
T.Shanmuga Vadivel1, C.G.Saravanan2, P.Balashanmugam3
1T.S.Shanmuga Vadivel, Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India.
2C.G.Saravanan, Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India.
3P. Balashanmugam, Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India.
Manuscript received on July 27, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on August 14, 2013. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2013. | PP: 295-300 | Volume-2, Issue-6, August 2013.  | Retrieval Number: F2058082613/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: The need for improvement of fuel quality in respect of stabling, ignition and combustion quality and injector celandines has been recognized. New standard to define the optimum fuel quality have evolved and are involving with development of relevant test methods. In transport fuels, multi functional additives are being used a proven cost effective means to improve fuel quality, especially to meet the requirements of new engine designs and stringent emission standards well designed “ash less” additives offer the option to address the quality of heavy fuel for use in engine especially with the constraints in improvement process changes. Over the last few years biodiesel has gained importance as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Manufacturing biodiesel from plant oil is relatively easy and possesses many environment benefits. Besides, what makes biodiesel all the more attractive is that it can be derived from waste cooking oil produced in large quantities in public eateries. The purpose of this project is to analyze the potential of waste cooking oil (WCO) for their suitability as feed stock for biodiesel preparation and to compare the fuel properties of the derived esters of WCO (WCO-biodiesel) with those esters of fresh oil and baseline diesel fuel. The palm oil based WCO – biodiesel and ester of fresh palm oil are transformed into respective biodiesel, by transesterification process. The investigation will be carried out in the single cylinder water cooled DI diesel with the sole fuel and the performance, emission and combustion characteristics analyzed. In case of palm oil the maximum brake thermal efficiency is 28% at maximum load.
Keywords: Particulate emission, WCO, biodiesel, Transesterification.