Study on Cognitive Approach to Human Error and its Application to Reduce the Accidents at Workplace
Ganapathi Bhat Manchi1, Sidde Gowda2, Jaideep Singh Hanspal3
1Ganapathi Bhat Manchi, Department of Civil Engineering, CMJ University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.
2Dr. Sidde Gowda, Department Civil Engineering, S.J.C. Institute of Technology, Chickballapur, Bangalore, India.
3Dr. Jaideep Singh Hanspal, Orthopedic Surgeon, Laing O’Rourke Medical Center, Dubai, UAE.
Manuscript received on July 29, 2013. | Revised Manuscript received on August 18, 2013. | Manuscript published on August 30, 2013. | PP: 236-242 | Volume-2, Issue-6, August 2013.  | Retrieval Number: F2050082613/2013©BEIESP

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Abstract: The err is in built in human nature. There are no specific counter measures for error. Human cognition uses processes that allow us to be amazingly fast, to respond flexibly to new situation [1] and to juggle several tasks at once (Flower and Hayes 1980). Unfortunately, these processes inevitably produce occasional errors. It is now well understood that these errors are the product of limitations in human information processing coupled with design features that are ill matched to human abilities. This is especially true for highly automated environments in which robust perceptual-motor tasks have been largely replaced by more error-prone cognitive tasks. The emerging model of cognition provides at least partial model of cognitive mechanism to understand the way human thinking works. The most effective way to deal with error due to human behavior and unpredictable environment is by safety culture and favorable system design.
Keywords: Cognition, Human error, Safety culture, System design.