Pipeline Monitoring using Ultrasonic Sensors
K. Sudhamayee1, Swetha2, S. Naresh3
1K.Raghavendra, Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, Malla Reddy Engineering College for Women Autonomous, Secunderabad (Telangana), India.
2Swetha, Assistant Professor, Sri Indu Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ranga Reddy (Telangana), India.
3S.Naresh, Assistant Professor, Sri Indu Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ranga Reddy (Telangana), India.
Manuscript received on 01 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 13 November 2019 | Manuscript Published on 22 November 2019 | PP: 1937-1940 | Volume-8 Issue-6S3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: F13730986S319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F1373.0986S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Pipelines used to transport oil and gas deteriorate with time due to various reasons including corrosion, deformation, cracking etc., So instead of critical-event based inspections, a means of continuous monitoring of pipelines to analyze its response as a function of time is required. Using real time data, this monitoring can be used as a means of prior warning of any unsafe condition of many types of nondestructive testing (NDT) techniques used for defect detection in pipelines, Ultrasonic testing (UT) is preferred because of its high accuracy, reliability, affordability and its capability of generating instant test report. UT works on the principle of pulse-echo method. As the received echo signal by transducer is noisy, it is generally processed using wavelet transforms and/or FFT. Later the signal is given to Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to distinguish signal with Non-Defect (ND) and signal with Defect (D). In this proposal, UT technique is used in pipeline monitoring during machining and real time work. Two calibration standards such as straight beam testing and angle beam testing are used to detect parallel defects and weld inspection respectively.
Keywords: Pipeline Monitoring, NDT, Ultrasonic Testing, Pulse Echo Method, PIG.
Scope of the Article: Network Performance; Protocols; Sensors