Impact of Full IFRS, Accounting Standards for SMES and Company Demographics on Firms’ Return on Asset and Return on Equity using Panel Data Regression
Rodiel C. Ferrer
Rodiel C. Ferrer, De La Salle University, Philipines.
Manuscript received on 16 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 06 September 2019 | PP: 589-601 | Volume-8 Issue- 6S, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: F11200886S19/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F1120.0886S19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Due to globalization, markets are becoming more interconnected as the companies are engaged in doing cross-border offerings. Currently, competitions are intensified because Domestic organizations discover themselves competing with each nearby opposite numbers and worldwide companies. But one component that hinders SMEs is the need for reliable and similar monetary data. According to Abarca (2014), adoption of a high-quality and consistent set of accounting requirements is critical so as for the businesses to remain competitive in ASEAN member states. This paper ambitions to answer the query, what modified into the extent of the impact of compliance with full IFRS and IFRS for SMEs on profitability of agencies belong to real property enterprise? This paper moreover sought to decide whether there may be a sizeable distinction among the groups’ compliance with the overall PFRS and the PFRS for SMEs and to determine whether or now not there is a massive distinction among the companies’ financial normal overall performance earlier than and after the adoption of the PFRS for SMEs.Paired T-test have become employed in case you need to determine whether there is a big distinction between the agencies’ compliance with the entire PFRS and the PFRS for SMEs and to decide whether or not there may be a big difference some of the groups’ monetary performance earlier than and after the adoption of the PFRS for SMEs. Using STATA, the great appropriate version for every economic ratio on the subject of degree of compliance emerge as determined on. First, take a look at parm command became used to find out which most of the Least Squares Dummy Variable Regression Modes (LSDV1, LSDV2, LSDV3) underneath the Fixed Effects Model is the ideal version. Afterwards, Hausman Fixed Random Test changed into used to pick out out which is more suitable amongst Fixed Effects Model and Random Effects Model. If Fixed Effects Model modified into the more appropriate one, the Wald’s test turn out to be used to determine the best version among Fixed Effects Model and Ordinary Least Squares Model. On the alternative hand, if Random Effects Model became the more suitable one, the Breusch and Pagan Lagrangian Multiplier Test for Random Effect have become used to decide the satisfactory version amongst Random Effects Model and Ordinary Least Squares. Moreover, if Ordinary Least Squares became the splendid model, it is going to be in addition tested to check for heteroscedasticity and multicollinearity. White’s test became used to check for heterescedasticity and Variance Inflation Factor have become used to test if multicollinearity is gift. The results display that the adoption of PFRS for SMEs stepped forward the compliance of Philippine real property SMEs. However, no vast alternate became said inside the financial average performance of those companies (as measured with the resource of cross back on assets and go back on equity). This was further supported by the results of the panel regression. This means that despite having a relatively easier time in complying with the required accounting standards, this did not translate to having lower significantly costs related to compliance. It was also noted that firm characteristics, namely, firm age and firm size, are generally not correlated with the firm’s profitability.
Keywords: Full IFR, IFRS For SMEs, Disclosure Index and Profitability.
Scope of the Article: Data Visualization