Techno-Economic Analysis of Natural Gas-Based Polygeneration System of Electricity, Cooling, and Heating
Widodo Wahyu Purwanto1, Kriska Setyawati2
1Widodo Wahyu Purwanto, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
2Kriska Setyawati, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia, Maluku and Papua Regional Development Division, PT PLN Persero, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 28 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 November 2019 | Manuscript Published on 22 November 2019 | PP: 948-954 | Volume-8 Issue-6S3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10690986S319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.F1069.0986S319
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Abstract: Some remote and rurar areas in Indonesia have low electrification levels and this poses a undermines their economic development potential. In response to the aforementioned challenges, it is necessary to develop an integrated energy system that produces multi-utilities (polygeneration) in producing energy to meet local needs. The aim of this work is to investigate the technical and economic analysis on a polygeneration system of a gas-fired power plant to produce electricity and heating, and to be integrated with an LNG regasification system for the utilization of cold energy as well. This polygeneration system is located in Manokwari District, West Papua. The polygeneration system was simulated using Unisim Design R390.1 to evaluate the technical performances and its economic analysis was done by using cash flow method with several business schemes, financial and fiscal incentives. The results showed that technically the polygeneration system is able to increase the efficiency of power generation system of a stand-alone power plant, from 32.9% to 59.7%. Economically, the polygeneration system can reduce the electricity tariff of a stand-alone power system from 19.32 US cents/kWh to 12.31 USD cents /kWh.
Keywords: LNG, Polygeneration, Electricity, Heating, Cooling, Remote.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology